Richard Smith (artist)
Richard Smith was born in Letchworth, Hertfordshire. After national service with the Royal Air Force in Hong Kong, he studied at St Albans School of Art and later undertook post-graduate studies at the Royal College of Art in London from 1954 to 1957. From 1957 to 1958 he was a lecturer at Hammersmith College of Art. He was awarded a Harkness Fellowship in 1959 and travelled to America and spent several years there painting and teaching, with his first one-man show at the Green Gallery, New York, in 1961. In 1970 he was the British representative at the Venice Biennale and in 1975 a retrospective exhibition of his work was exhibited at the Tate Gallery in London.
He resettled permanently in New York in 1976.
Smith's early work drew on packaging and advertising, which led to his being associated by some critics to the Pop Art movement. Smith stated that his work was "often physically related to hoardings or cinema screens which never present objects actual size; you could drown in a glass of beer, live in a semi-detached cigarette packet". However, his concerns were largely formal. His works from this period, such as Panatella (1961) can be seen as abstract works whose scale, handling of paint and use of colour show the influence of American colour field painters such as Mark Rothko and Sam Francis, and he tried to integrate their expressive painterly concerns with an exploration of the experience of mass culture. As an attempt to make a connection between 'high' art and popular culture Smith's work differs from the work of his British Pop contemporaries, who were more concerned with iconography. Smith stated that "My interest is not so much in the message as in the method"
In 1963 Smith progressed to an examination of the two-dimensional nature of painting. In Vista he added a shaped extension to the rectangular canvas, and in works such as Piano and Giftwrap progressed to extending the surface of the painting out into three-dimensional space. Despite the three-dimensional element of these works, Smith insisted on their identity as paintings: saying "Since I have always retained a wall, there is no question of a multifaceted sculptural object"  Smith never produced any free standing sculptures, preferring to challenge the conventions of painting by working in an area between painting and sculpture.
In 1972 he exhibited the first of what are called the "kite paintings", in which rather than using a conventional stretcher the canvas is tensioned by cords and structures of aluminium tubing, which become an element in the composition of the works. This both reduced the strength of the edge of the canvas while at the same time drawing attention to its contour. Smith's new found interest in the edge of a picture is shown by the concentration of incident there in works such as 3 square 2. At this time Smith had returned from New York and was living in the English countryside, and his palette changed to more muted colours.
The concerns of these works also appear in his small scale work of the time, where the paper was cut and folded, and often include elements fastened to the work by paperclips or pieces of knotted string.
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- "Panatella 1961". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
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- "Richard Smith (b. 1931)". Jenna Burlingham Fine Art. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- 40 paintings by or after Richard Smith, Art UK: see extended Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists biography, under "artist profile". Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Richard Smith (1931):Venice Biennale participation". British Council. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "Vista". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Piano (1963)". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
- "3 Square 2". British Council. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- "Richard Smith Kite Paintings and Book Sale". Gimpel Fils.
- "Richard Smith". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
- "Richard Smith". MOMA. Retrieved 20 July 2014.