Richard Lyman Bushman (born 20 June 1931) is an American historian and Gouverneur Morris Professor of History emeritus at Columbia University. Bushman taught at Brigham Young University, Harvard University, Boston University, and the University of Delaware before joining the history faculty at Columbia. Bushman is the author of Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling, an important biography of Joseph Smith, and he serves as one of three general editors of the Joseph Smith Papers. Bushman has been called "one of the most important scholars of American religious history" of the late 20th century, and in 2012 a $3 million donation to the University of Virginia established the Richard Lyman Bushman Chair of Mormon Studies in his honor.
Richard L. Bushman
Bushman in the 2016 film By Study and Also By Faith
|Born||June 20, 1931|
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Alma mater||Harvard University (A.B., A.M., Ph.D.)|
|Main interests||Colonial America, history of Mormonism|
|Notable works||Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling|
Richard L. Bushman was born on 20 June 1931, in Salt Lake City, Utah. His father, Ted Bushman (1902–1980), was a fashion illustrator, advertiser, and department store executive, and his mother, Dorothy Bushman (née Lyman; 1908–1995), was a secretary and homemaker. Bushman's family relocated to Portland, Oregon when he was a small child.
After graduating from high school in 1949, Bushman spent two years as an LDS missionary in the northeastern United States. After completing his missionary service, he matriculated at Harvard University, graduating in 1955 with an A.B. magna cum laude in history. Bushman married fellow historian Claudia Lauper Bushman in August 1955 and the couple raised six children. Bushman continued at Harvard as a graduate student, earning A.M. and Ph.D. degrees in the History of American Civilization, where he studied with distinguished early American historian Bernard Bailyn. While still a graduate student he was awarded the Sheldon Fellowship to work on his dissertation in London.
Bushman first taught at Brigham Young University from 1960 to 1968 but two of those years he spent out on a doctoral fellowship to study history and psychology at Brown University. In 1967, he won the Bancroft Prize for his published dissertation, From Puritan to Yankee: Character and the Social Order in Connecticut, 1690-1765. Bushman was awarded a year-long fellowship in 1969 at Harvard's Charles Warren Center. At Harvard he was recruited to teach by Boston University. In 1977, Bushman transferred from Boston University to the University of Delaware to work with material culture at the Winterthur Museum. In an interview with Jed Woodworth, a historian, Bushman's "major work on refinement and gentility dated from those years, which included a year-long fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution." In 1989, Bushman was asked to teach American Colonial history at Columbia University. During his time at Columbia he completed year-long fellowships at the Davis Center at Princeton, the National Humanities Center, and the Huntington Library. It was at the Huntington Library in 1997 that Bushman started his biography of Joseph Smith entitled Rough Stone Rolling. Bushman decided to retire from Columbia in 2001 to work full-time on the Joseph Smith biography. Bushman was recognized by Columbia University and become the Gouverneur Morris Professor of History in 1992. From 2008 to 2011, Bushman served as the first Howard W. Hunter Chair of Mormon Studies at Claremont Graduate University and held a Huntington Library fellowship. In 2012, the University of Virginia established the Richard Lyman Bushman Chair of Mormon studies in the Department of Religious Studies. The chair was funded by a $3 million endowment by anonymous donors.
Awards and honorsEdit
Bushman's scholarship includes studies of early American social, cultural, and political history, American religious history, and the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). In 1968, Bushman's From Puritan to Yankee: Character and Social Order in Connecticut, 1690-1765 won the Bancroft Prize, an award given by the trustees of Columbia University for the year's best book on American history. Bushman has also received the Phi Alpha Theta prize, and Evans Biography Awards, administered by the Mountain West Center for Regional Studies at Utah State University. He published Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism, which was awarded best biography from the Mormon History Association in 1985. Bushman has held Guggenheim, Huntington, National Humanities Center, and National Endowment for the Humanities fellowships; and served as president of the Mormon History Association (1985–1986). Bushman was honored at the January 2011 annual meeting of the American Historical Association (MHA) where a breakout session entitled A Retrospective on the Scholarship of Richard Bushman was heavily attended.
Rough Stone RollingEdit
Bushman's work, Rough Stone Rolling focuses heavily on new Mormon history. Rough Stone Rolling sold over 100,000 copies and gathered many awards including the Evans Biography Award and the Mormon History Association's annual 2006 Best Book award. In an article by Larry Gordon, LA Times writer, the initial response to Rough Stone Rolling has "garnered many positive reviews, although some critics said it uncomfortably straddled reverence and logic."
Bushman is a member of the LDS Church. He interrupted his undergraduate studies at Harvard to serve as a missionary. See "My Faith" in Bushman, Believing History: Latter-day Saint Essays (New York: Columbia University Press, 2004), 20-29. In the essay, Bushman notes how he went on his LDS mission as an agnostic but after three months could say "with conviction that I knew the Book of Mormon was right." He served a religious mission in New England and Atlantic Canada, and held various positions within the LDS Church, including Seminary teacher, bishop, stake president, and stake patriarch. On his decision to study the religion he is affiliated with Bushman replied, "Would you say that the only people who can do black studies are not blacks, or that to do women's studies you have to be a non-woman? You get all sorts of people who have deep personal commitments to a subject they teach, and that has its advantages."
- From Puritan to Yankee; character and the social order in Connecticut, 1690-1765. Harvard University Press, 1967. ISBN 0-674-32551-6
- Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism. University of Illinois Press, 1984. ISBN 0-252-01143-0
- Great Awakening: Documents on the Revival of Religion, 1740-1745. Institute Of Early American History, University of North Carolina Press, Textbook reprint 1989. ISBN 0-8078-4260-5
- King and People in Provincial Massachusetts. University of North Carolina Press, textbook reprint 1992. ISBN 0-8078-4398-9
- The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities. Random House, Incorporated, 1993. ISBN 0-679-74414-2
- Building the Kingdom: A History of Mormons in America, with Claudia Lauper Bushman. Oxford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-19-515022-8
- Believing History: Latter-Day Saint Essays, Edited by Jed Woodworth. Columbia University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-231-13006-6
- Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling. Alfred Knopf, 2005. ISBN 1-4000-4270-4
- The Mormon History Association's Tanner Lectures, with Dean L. May, Reid L. Neilson, Thomas G. Alexander (Editor), Jan Shipps (Editor). University of Illinois Press, 2006. ISBN 0-252-07288-X
- On the Road with Joseph Smith: An Author's Diary. Greg Kofford Books, 2007. ISBN 978-1-58958-102-9
- Mormonism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2008. ISBN 0-19-531030-6
- Woodworth 2009.
- Cannon 2012.
- Columbia University: Department of History.
- Shipps 2007.
- Gordon 2007.
- "Richard L. Bushman named as Hunter Visiting Professor".
- Mauss 2011.
- Richard L. Bushman named as Hunter Visiting Professor.
- Past MHA Presidents.
- Underwood & Stout 2011.
- BYU Religious Studies Center.
- Bushman 2004.
- Manwaring 2018.
- Bushman, Richard (2004). Believing History: Latter-day Saint Essays. Columbia University Press.
- Cannon, H. Brevy (10 October 2012). "U.Va. Creates Richard Lyman Bushman Chair of Mormon Studies". UVA Today. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
- "Columbia University: Department of History". Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Gordon, Larry (2007). "Mormon-studies professorship is California's first". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 July 2008.
- Underwood, Grant; Stout, Harry S. (2011). "A Retrospective on the Scholarship of Richard Bushman". Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Manwaring, Kurt (2018). "10 questions with Richard Bushman". Retrieved 30 August 2018.
- Mauss, Armand (Spring 2011). "Farewell, Richard and Claudia" (PDF). Claremont Mormon Studies Newsletter (4): 3. Retrieved 6 August 2008.
- "Past MHA Presidents". Mormon History Association. Archived from the original on February 13, 2012. Retrieved 2008-07-22.
- "Religious Studies Center". Brigham Young University:Religious Education. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Richard L. Bushman named as Hunter Visiting Professor in Mormon Studies at Claremont". Meridian Magazine. 2007. Retrieved 9 September 2009.
- Shipps, Jan (2007). "Richard Lyman Bushman, the Story of Joseph Smith and Mormonism, and the New Mormon History". Journal of American History. 94 (2).
- Woodworth, Jed; Bushman, Claudia (2009). "The Historian's Craft: A Conversation with Richard Lyman Bushman" (PDF). Mormon Historical Studies. 10 (2): 135–73.
- Works by or about Richard Bushman in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Interview with Richard Bushman" by Michael Kress, Beliefnet
- Interview with Richard Bushman "Experiences as a Mormon historian" by John Dehlin, Mormon Stories
- Review and analysis by Jan Shipps. "Richard Lyman Bushman, the Story of Joseph Smith and Mormonism, and the New Mormon History"
- Biography at Joseph Smith Papers Project website (accessed May 4, 2012)