Renault 5 Turbo
The Renault 5 Turbo or R5 Turbo is a high-performance hatchback automobile launched by the French manufacturer Renault at the Brussels Motor Show in January 1980. The car was primarily designed for rallying, but was also sold in a street version. A total of 4987 (turbo 1: 1820 and turbo 2: 3167) R5 Turbos were manufactured during a six-year production run.
|Renault 5 Turbo|
|Assembly||Dieppe, France (Alpine)|
|Designer||Marcello Gandini at Bertone|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door hatchback|
|Engine||1.4 L Cléon-Fonte turbo I4|
|Power output||160 PS (158 hp; 118 kW)|
|Wheelbase||2,430 mm (95.7 in)|
|Length||3,660 mm (144.1 in)|
|Width||1,750 mm (68.9 in)|
|Height||1,320 mm (52.0 in)|
|Curb weight||970 kg (2,138 lb)|
|Successor||Renault Clio V6 Renault Sport|
In response to Lancia's rallying success with the mid-engined Stratos, Renault's Jean Terramorsi, vice-president of production, asked Bertone's Marc Deschamps to design a new sports version of the Renault 5 Alpine supermini. The distinctive new rear bodywork was styled by Marcello Gandini at Bertone.
Although the standard Renault 5 has a front-mounted engine, the 5 Turbo featured a mid-mounted 1,397 cc (1.4 L; 85.3 cu in) Cléon-Fonte with fuel fed by Bosch K-Jetronic fuel injection and a Garrett AiResearch T3 turbocharger OHV 2 valves per cylinder Inline-four engine placed behind the driver in mid-body in a modified Renault 5 chassis. In standard form, the engine developed 160 PS (158 hp; 118 kW) at 6000 rpm and maximum torque of 221 N⋅m (163 lb⋅ft) at 3250 rpm.
Though it used a modified body from a standard Renault 5, and was badged a Renault 5, the mechanicals were radically different, the most obvious difference being rear-wheel drive and rear-mid-engined instead of the normal version's front-wheel drive and front-mounted engine. At the time of its launch it was the most powerful production French car. The first 400 production 5 Turbos were made to comply with Group 4 homologation to allow the car to compete in international rallies, and were manufactured at the Alpine factory in Dieppe. Many parts later transferred to the Alpine A310, such as the suspension or alloy wheel set.
Renault 5 Turbo 2Edit
Once the homologation models were produced, a second version named Turbo 2 was introduced using more stock Renault 5 parts replacing many of the light alloy components in the original 5 Turbo version, and dropping the stunning and specific Bertone seats and Dashboard for the interior of the R5 Alpine. Many parts also became dark grey rather than the iconic red or blue. The Turbo 2 was less expensive, but had nearly the same levels of performance, top speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) and 0–100 km/h in 6.9 seconds. To differentiate it from the Turbo 2, the original 5 Turbo is often referred as "Turbo 1".
The R5 Turbo was conceived with dual intent, promoting the sales of the common R5 and being homologated in the FIA group 3 and 4 categories of the rally championship (today WRC). All the motorsport derivatives were based on the Turbo 1.
The factory pushed the engine output up to 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) for the Critérium des Cévennes, 210 PS (154 kW; 207 hp) for the Tour de Corse, and by 1984 as much as 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) in the R5 Maxi Turbo.[failed verification]
There are several victories throughout the early 80's in the national championships in France, Portugal, Switzerland, Hungary, and Spain, many victories in international rallies throughout Europe, with wins in iconic rallies such as Monte-Carlo. After the factory ceased support, it lived a second life being developed by many teams and enthusiasts to compete in regional championships and local races in which it was ubiquitous and reached many success for almost 20 years. At the time of retirement, the newly created historical categories allowed these cars to return to international events and competitions, living a third life. 
|1||49ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo||1981||Jean Ragnotti||Jean-Marc Andrié||Renault 5 Turbo|
|2||26éme Tour de Corse||1982||Jean Ragnotti||Jean-Marc Andrié||Renault 5 Turbo|
|3||29ème Tour De Corse||1985||Jean Ragnotti||Jean-Marc Andrié||Renault R5 Maxi Turbo|
|4||20º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto||1986||Joaquim Moutinho||Edgar Fortes||Renault 5 Turbo|
The R5 Turbo has been widely featured in film and media:
- In the 1983 James Bond film Never Say Never Again, a Renault 5 Turbo 2 driven by a female villain chases James Bond on a motorbike.
- It can be seen in the 1997 film Dobermann.
- In the first episode of the Dragon Ball anime series by Akira Toriyama, an adolescent Bulma meets the young Goku, who mistakes the car for an evil monster.
- In the trailer for the film Trail of the Pink Panther, the car is driven by the character played by Joanna Lumley.
- The R5 Turbo is a playable car in the following videogames of the Forza series:
- The R5 Turbo is an unlockable vehicle in the videogame Sega GT 2002.
- "Octane classic car specs". Classicandperformancecar.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- "''Evo magazine'' Birth of an icon: 1980, February 2008". Evo.co.uk. February 2008. Retrieved 2011-01-31.
- "1983 Renault 5 Turbo 2 specifications". carfolio.com. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
- Evening Times (Scotland) December 7, 1979
- Car Catalogue International 1983, page 79
- "Independent 17 October 1998". Independent.co.uk. 1998-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
- "TOP 5 cars with turbo". AboutCarsReviews.com. 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-04-20.