Regions of Iran

Iran has been divided into regions in a number of different ways historically.[1] It has been divided into five administrative regions (Persian: مناطق‎manâteq, singular منطقه mantaqe) since 2014.

Current administrative regionsEdit

Iran's thirty-one provinces were grouped into five regions on 22 June 2014, based on a decision of Ministry of Interior.[2] In this change, the adjacency, geographical location and similarities of the provinces were considered.[2]

The Constitution of Iran does not provide for regions and they are not the constituent units of the country but exist purely for the convenience of governmental administration.

According to Javad Naserian, Ministry of Interior's Management Development and Human Resources Vice-Minister, the purpose of this grouping of provinces was the creation of synergy, transfer of experience, information exchange, and regional development. Also, it now provides an intermediate level where provinces can discuss their problems among themselves, instead of going immediately to Tehran.[2]

The intention was for each region to have regularly scheduled meetings of the constituent provinces' Governors-general, rotating the meeting place through the provincial capitals. The host province would provide the chairman of each meeting. A regional secretariat would be established in the capital city of the main province of each region, with a coordinating bureau in the Ministry of Interior headquarters in Tehran.[2]

Region Capital Provinces Population Area
Region 1
۱ منطقه
Tehran Alborz Province
Golestan Province
Mazandaran Province
Qazvin Province
Qom Province
Semnan Province
Tehran Province
23,343,033 193,109
Region 2
۲ منطقه
Isfahan and/or Shiraz Bushehr Province
Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province
Fars Province
Hormozgan Province
Isfahan Province
Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province
12,973,089 354,885
Region 3
۳ منطقه
Tabriz Ardabil Province
East Azerbaijan Province
Gilan Province
Kordestan Province
West Azerbaijan Province
Zanjan Province
12,782,820 165,839
Region 4
۴ منطقه
Kermanshah Hamadan Province
Ilam Province
Kermanshah Province
Khuzestan Province
Lorestan Province
Markazi Province
11,739,552 185,978
Region 5
۵ منطقه
Mashhad Kerman Province
North Khorasan Province
Razavi Khorasan Province
Sistan and Baluchestan Province
South Khorasan Province
Yazd Province
13,145,227 734,576

Historical regionsEdit

Map of provinces of Iran, 1937–1960

In 1937 the territory of Iran was divided into 10 administrative regions: Region 1 [fa], Region 2 [fa], Region 10 [fa], etc.(fa) For example, Region 7 [fa] or "Seventh Province" corresponded to present-day Fars Province per the "Territorial Subdivision Act of 1316 Š./1937 (Qānūn-e taqsīmāt-e kešvar)."[3]

Histories, travel books and economic analyses often refer to less formal, more historical or geographical, Iranian regions. The borders of these are not fixed and often have changed over time, and even overlapped at the same time.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ In general see Mojtahed-Zadeh, Pirouz, ed. (2007). Boundary Politics and International Boundaries of Iran: A Study of the Origin, Evolution, and Implications of the Boundaries of Modern Iran. Boca Raton, Florida: Universal-Publishers. ISBN 978-1-58112-933-5.
  2. ^ a b c d "همشهری آنلاین-استان‌های کشور به ۵ منطقه تقسیم شدند (Provinces were divided into 5 regions)". Hamshahri Online (in Persian). 22 June 2014. Archived from the original on 23 June 2014.
  3. ^ "Fars: Population". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 10 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b Ramirez-Faria, Carlos, ed. (2007). "Iran". Concise Encyclopeida of World History. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers. pp. 351–355, page 354. ISBN 978-81-269-0775-5.
  5. ^ Iran Travel Guide. Tiki Travel (FB Editions). p. 11.
  6. ^ Minahan, James (1998). Miniature Empires: A Historical Dictionary of the Newly Independent States. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-313-30610-5.
  7. ^ Bosworth, C. Edmund. "The Ismaʻilis of Quhistan and the Maliks of Nimruz or Sistan". In Daftary, Farhad (ed.). Mediaeval Ismaʻili History and Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-0-521-45140-6.
  8. ^ "Map of Iran (Regions)". World of Maps ( Archived from the original on 26 July 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014.

Further readingEdit