Ratnagiri

Ratnagiri is a port city on the Arabian Sea coast in Ratnagiri District[2][3] in the southwestern part of Maharashtra, India. The district is a part of Konkan division of Maharashtra.It has historic value.

Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri is located in Maharashtra
Ratnagiri
Ratnagiri
Coordinates: 16°59′40″N 73°18′00″E / 16.99444°N 73.30000°E / 16.99444; 73.30000Coordinates: 16°59′40″N 73°18′00″E / 16.99444°N 73.30000°E / 16.99444; 73.30000
Country India
StateMaharashtra
RegionKonkan Division
DistrictRatnagiri
Founded byBritish
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • BodyRatnagiri Municipal council
Area rankCity
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total327,120
Demonym(s)Ratnagirikar
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
415612, 415639
Telephone code02352
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-08
Websitewww.ratnagiri.nic.in
Bhagwati temple

GeographyEdit

Ratnagiri is located at 16°59′N 73°18′E / 16.98°N 73.3°E / 16.98; 73.3.[4] It has an average elevation of 11 meters (36 feet). The Sahyadri mountains border Ratnagiri to the east

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Ratnagiri (1981–2010, extremes 1901–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.0
(98.6)
39.0
(102.2)
40.6
(105.1)
37.5
(99.5)
37.8
(100.0)
39.0
(102.2)
32.8
(91.0)
34.2
(93.6)
35.7
(96.3)
37.5
(99.5)
38.1
(100.6)
36.7
(98.1)
40.6
(105.1)
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.8
(89.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.9
(91.2)
30.5
(86.9)
29.0
(84.2)
28.6
(83.5)
29.4
(84.9)
32.2
(90.0)
33.6
(92.5)
32.8
(91.0)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.4
(66.9)
21.9
(71.4)
24.5
(76.1)
26.2
(79.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
22.0
(71.6)
20.2
(68.4)
22.8
(73.0)
Record low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
11.6
(52.9)
14.4
(57.9)
16.1
(61.0)
21.4
(70.5)
19.2
(66.6)
18.4
(65.1)
21.1
(70.0)
20.4
(68.7)
17.7
(63.9)
15.4
(59.7)
13.5
(56.3)
11.6
(52.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 0.3
(0.01)
0.1
(0.00)
0.3
(0.01)
2.1
(0.08)
43.8
(1.72)
869.5
(34.23)
972.5
(38.29)
723.3
(28.48)
364.9
(14.37)
123.6
(4.87)
17.0
(0.67)
0.8
(0.03)
3,118.1
(122.76)
Average rainy days 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.8 19.9 25.8 25.6 14.8 6.1 1.0 0.2 96.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 55 57 63 66 68 81 85 86 81 72 61 55 69
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

DemographicsEdit

According to 2011 Census of India,[7] Ratnagiri town had a population of 76,239, with males and females constituting 55% and 45%, respectively, of the population. 86% of males and 87% of females were literate. 11% of Ratnagiri's population was under 6 years of age.

Ratnagiri MunicipalityEdit

The Ratnagiri Municipality was established in 1876.[8] The incumbent president is Mr.Pradeep Salvi (Shiv Sena). Uday Samant (Shiv Sena), the former Minister of State for Urban Development, represents Ratnagiri constituency in State Assembly since 2004; while Vinayak Raut (Shiv Sena) represents Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg constituency in Loksabha, lower house of the parliament since 2014.

Education institutesEdit

  • Mane's international school
  • Sarvankash Vidya Mandir
  • Gangadhar Govind Pathwardhan English Medium School (G.G.P.S)
  • Government Polytechnic, Ratnagiri[9]
  • Indian Technical Institute (ITI) Ratnagiri
  • Finolex Academy of Management and Technology (An engineering college affiliated to University of Mumbai)[10]
  • Government college of Pharmacy, Ratnagiri[11]
  • Patwardhan High School, Ratnagiri.[12]
  • Phatak High School, Ratnagiri[13]
  • Late T.P. Kelkar Jr. college of Science Ratnagiri
  • R. B. Shirke High School[14]
  • Mistry High School, Ratnagiri[15]
  • M. S. Naik High School.[16]
  • Gogate Joglekar College[17]
  • St.Thomas English Medium School[18]
  • Rajendra Mane College of Engineering & Technology (Affiliated to University of Mumbai)[19]
  • Rajendra Mane Polytechnic[20]
  • A.D.Naik Urdu Medium School
  • Sacred Heart Convent High School, Ratnagiri.
  • Mane's international school

Marine Biological Research StationEdit

The Maharashtra Government under the Department of Fisheries established the Marine Biological Research Station (MBRS) in 1958 at Ratnagiri, which is presently attached with Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, Dist.: Ratnagiri. The research station has a 10 hectare area as field facility including a three storied building at the main campus, a well equipped aquarium and museum, a modernised brackish water fish farm, a Mechanized Fishing and Research Vessel, Seed Production facilities and various laboratories at its disposal.

The Marine Biological Research Station, Ratnagiri is one of the premier institutes, especially in the South Konkan Coastal Fisheries Zone, having a mandate for development of fish production technologies, transferring the technologies to fish culturists, entrepreneurs and the industry, and generating professionally trained manpower in fish culture.[21]

HistoryEdit

 
Thibaw Palace

Ratnagiri was an administrative capital under the Sultanate of Bijapur. In 1731 it came under the control of the Kingdom of Satara, and in 1818 it was annexed to British India. A fortbuilt by the Bijapur reconstructed by the Maratha king Shivaji in 1670 is located on a headland near the harbour.

Ratnagiri is the birthplace of Indian freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was born on 23 July 1856 after which he moved to Pune with his family when he was 10 years old. It was also then place of confinement for Vinayak Damodar Savarkar from 1921 to 1935.

In 1886, King Thibaw of Burma was sent to Ratnagiri after he was deposed and his country annexed by the British Empire. Along with his pregnant wife, his junior queen, and his two young daughters, he would live out the rest of his life in Ratnagiri, as a prisoner of the British Crown. Ratnagiri was chosen for its remote location, some 3,000 miles from Thibaw's former royal seat of Mandalay, accessible only by sea for parts of the year and far from any territory of any rival European power.[22]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ratnagiri City Population Census 2011 - Maharashtra". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Wayback Machine" (PDF). 10 February 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2019. Cite uses generic title (help)
  4. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Ratnagiri, India". Faiingrain.com.
  5. ^ "Station: Ratnagiri Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 663–664. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M152. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 February 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Government Polytechnic". Gcopratnagiri.org.
  10. ^ "Finolex Academy of Management and Technology". Famt.ac.in.
  11. ^ Gcopratnagiri.org College Of Pharmacy http://www.gcopratnagiri.orgtitle=Government College Of Pharmacy Check |url= value (help). Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. ^ "Patwardhan Highschool - Ratnagiri". Patwardhanhighschool.com. Retrieved 18 July 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 23 January 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Welcome to R. B. Shirke High School, Ratnagiri". Rbshirkehighschool.com.
  15. ^ "Mistry Schools". Mistryschools.com.
  16. ^ "Welcome to M. S. Naik Foundation, Ratnagiri". Msnaikschool.edu.in.
  17. ^ "Gogate Jogalekar College, Ratnagiri". Resgjcrtn.com.
  18. ^ "St. Thomas English Medium School - Forming a joyful generation next". Stthomasratnagiri.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2013.
  19. ^ "RMCET". Rmcet.com.
  20. ^ "RMP". Rmcet.com.
  21. ^ "Marine Biological Research Station - Ratnagiri District [Maharashtra State, India]". Ratnagiri.nic.in.
  22. ^ "The lost royals". Bbc.com. 24 December 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2018.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Ratnagiri at Wikimedia Commons