Rasmussen Reports // is an American polling company founded in 2003. The company engages in political commentary and the collection, publication, and distribution of public opinion polling information. Rasmussen Reports conducts nightly tracking, at national and state levels, of elections, politics, current events, consumer confidence, business topics, and the United States president's job approval ratings.
|Ted Carrol (Noson Lawn Partners) |
Fran Coombs (managing editor)
Amy Holmes (spokeswomen)
|Products||Political commentary, opinion polling|
|Owner||Noson Lawen Partners (majority investor)|
Rasmussen's polling in the 2000 and 2012 U.S. presidential elections has been criticized by polling watchers as highly inaccurate while the company's performance in the 2004 and 2008 presidential elections was credited for its accuracy. Some, including Patrick Caddell and Douglas Schoen, have lauded Rasmussen Reports while others, such as Chris Cillizza, have questioned its accuracy. FiveThirtyEight gives the firm a "C+" rating, reporting it had a 3.9 point bias in favor of Republican candidates in the 2010 midterm election. The company's frequent divergence from results reported by other polls has been attributed to its use of Likely Voters, rather than Registered Voters or All Adults, in its survey panels.
Surveys by the company are conducted using a combination of automated public opinion polling involving pre-recorded telephone inquiries and an online survey. The company generates revenue by selling advertising and subscriptions to its polling survey data.
Rasmussen Reports, was founded in 2003 by Scott Rasmussen, who served as the company's president from its founding until July 2013, when he left to found the digital media company Styrk.
Rasmussen founded his first polling company in 1994. That company, Rasmussen Research, was bought by TownPagesNet.com for about $4.5 million in ordinary shares in 1999. Starting in 1999, Rasmussen's poll was called Portrait of America. In 2003, Rasmussen founded Rasmussen Reports, based in Asbury Park, New Jersey. In August 2009, The Washington Post reported that Rasmussen Reports had received a “major growth capital investment.” New Jersey Business magazine reported that the company increased the size of its staff later that year.
Rasmussen Reports engages in the collection, publication, and distribution of public opinion polling information, tracking the political world, current events, consumer confidence, business topics, and the president's job approval ratings. Rasmussen Reports also conducts nightly national tracking polls and scheduled state surveys. The company provides commentary and political analysis through a daily email newsletter. In September 2012, Rasmussen Reports and Telco Productions launched a nationally syndicated television show called What America Thinks With Scott Rasmussen.
Rasmussen Reports polls make use of automated public opinion polling, involving 500 pre-recorded telephone inquiries to land lines for the daily report. These types of polls are believed to less accurate and biased. Rasmussen's automated survey calls are conducted by Pulse Opinion Research, a firm that licensed methodology developed by Scott Rasmussen. Rasmussen Reports generates revenue by selling advertising and subscriptions.FiveThirtyEight gives Rasmussen a C+ rating. Rasmussen is not a member of the National Council on Public Polls NCPP or a supporter of the American Association for Public Opinion Research AAPOR Transparency Initiative.
Presidential approval trackingEdit
Rasmussen Reports conducts a daily Presidential Tracking Poll which measures the president’s job approval rating. Rasmussen Reports notes that, "It is important to remember that the Rasmussen Reports job approval ratings are based upon a sample of likely voters. Some other firms base their approval ratings on samples of all adults. Obama's numbers were almost always several points higher in a poll of adults rather than likely voters. That's because some of the former president's most enthusiastic supporters, such as young adults, are less likely to turn out to vote." Newsweek also notes that polls of all adults produce results that are more favorable to Democrats than do polls of likely voters. Mark Blumenthal of Pollster.com notes that, "Rasmussen's Obama job approval ratings do tend to be lower than most other polls, but they are not the lowest."
In March 2009, a Rasmussen Reports poll was the first to show President Barack Obama's approval rating falling. Writing in the Wall Street Journal, Scott Rasmussen, along with President Clinton's pollster, Douglas Schoen, said, "Polling data show that Mr. Obama's approval rating is dropping and is below where George W. Bush was in an analogous period in 2001. Rasmussen Reports data shows that Mr. Obama's net presidential approval rating -- which is calculated by subtracting the number who strongly disapprove from the number who strongly approve -- is just six, his lowest rating to date."
Generic Congressional BallotEdit
Each week, Rasmussen Reports updates a Generic Congressional Ballot Poll. The poll tracks what percentage of likely voters would vote for the Republican in their district’s congressional race if the election were held today, and what percentage of likely voters would choose the Democrat instead. In 2009, Rasmussen Reports produced the first poll that showed Democrats trailing on the Generic Congressional Ballot for the 2010 midterm elections.
Starting in 2009, Rasmussen Reports tracked attitudes about health care reform legislation on a weekly basis. Since the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act became law in March 2010, Rasmussen Reports consistently measured double-digit support for repeal of the law in 100 polls taken from March 2010 to July 2012. Likely voters favored repeal by an average margin of 16 percentage points during that period.
Political Class/Mainstream IndexEdit
Rasmussen Reports tracks the gap between what it labels "Mainstream Voters" and the "Political Class." According to the Wall Street Journal, "To figure out where people are, he [Rasmussen] asks three questions: Whose judgment do you trust more: that of the American people or America's political leaders? Has the federal government become its own special interest group? Do government and big business often work together in ways that hurt consumers and investors? Those who identify with the government on two or more questions are defined as the political class."
Rasmussen Reports conducts a weekly tracking poll that asks voters whether they think the country is heading in the right direction or is on the wrong track. The company also provides regular updates on topics including global warming and energy issues, housing, the war on terror, the mood of America, Congress and the Supreme Court, importance of issues, partisan trust, and trends in public opinion. In 2007, Tony Snow, White House press secretary for President George W. Bush, attacked a Rasmussen poll that showed only 19% of Americans believed the Iraq War troop surge of 2007 was a success.
David Weigel wrote that, "where Rasmussen Reports really distinguishes itself, and the reason it’s so often cited by conservatives, is in its issue polling. Before the stimulus debate began, Rasmussen asked voters whether they’d favor stimulus plans that consisted entirely of tax cuts or entirely of spending. Tax cuts won every time, and Republicans began citing this when they argued for a tax-cut-only stimulus package."
In May 2012, a Rasmussen Reports poll found that "a solid majority of voters nationwide favor legalizing and regulating marijuana similar to the way alcohol and tobacco cigarettes are currently regulated.” Of those polled, 56% favored legalizing and regulating marijuana, while 36% were opposed to legalizing and regulating the drug.
In July 2012, a Rasmussen Reports poll found that over two-thirds of Americans would fire every member of Congress. In January 2013, a Rasmussen Reports poll found record low levels of support for the Tea Party movement. Of those polled, 30% held a favorable view of the Tea Party, 49% held an unfavorable view, and only 8% identified as a part of the group.
In the 2000 presidential election, Scott Rasmussen polled under the name Portrait of America, a predecessor to Rasmussen Reports. The Portrait of America prediction for the 2000 presidential election was off by 4.5%, compared to the average 1.1% margin of error most other national polls gave at the time.
In the 2004 presidential election, "Rasmussen...beat most of their human competitors in the battleground states, often by large margins," according to Slate magazine. Rasmussen projected the 2004 presidential results within one percentage point of the actual vote totals earned by both George W. Bush and John Kerry.
According to Politico, "Rasmussen's final poll of the 2008 general election—showing Obama defeating Arizona Sen. John McCain 52 percent to 46 percent—closely mirrored the election's outcome." In reference to the 2008 presidential election, a Talking Points Memo article said, "Rasmussen's final polls had Obama ahead 52–46%, which was nearly identical to Obama's final margin of 53–46%, and made him one of the most accurate pollsters out there." An analysis by Costas Panagopolous in 2009 ranked 23 survey research organizations on the accuracy of their final, national pre-election polls based upon Obama's 7.2% margin of victory; the analysis determined that Rasmussen Reports was tied for 9th most accurate. Democracy Corps, Fox News/Opinion Dynamic, CNN/Opinion Research, and Ipsos/McClatchy all predicted an accurate seven point spread.
Rasmussen Reports polls predicted the correct winner in 46 states. Its final polls of Florida, Indiana and North Carolina all showed leads for McCain. Obama went on to win all three of these states. Rasmussen's poll of Ohio on 2 November 2008 showed a tied race there. Obama went on to win the state by 4 percentage points.
The final 2012 Electoral College projection by Rasmussen Reports showed 237 safe electoral votes for Barack Obama, 206 safe electoral votes for Mitt Romney, and eight toss-up states with a total of 95 electoral votes. The final Rasmussen Reports daily tracking poll showed Mitt Romney with a 49% -48% lead over President Obama. Obama won the election by close to 4 percentage points. Rasmussen Reports predicted Obama winning Nevada and New Hampshire, tying Romney in Ohio and Wisconsin, and losing in the other five swing states, including North Carolina. Obama won in the swing states of Ohio, Wisconsin, Colorado, Florida, Iowa, and Virginia, while Romney took North Carolina.
A Fordham University study by Dr. Costas Panagopoulos compared pre-election polling with the results from election day. The study ranked Rasmussen Reports 24th out of 28 polls in accuracy, one slot above Gallup. An analysis by Nate Silver on FiveThirtyEight ranked Rasmussen 20th out of 23 pollsters for accuracy in the 2012 elections, with an average error of 4.2 points. After the election, James Rainey of the Los Angeles Times wrote that "Some conservative media outlets used the Rasmussen polling to prop up a narrative in the final days of the campaign that Romney had momentum and a good chance of winning the White House."
On November 7, Scott Rasmussen told Slate's David Weigel, "In general, the projections were pretty good. The two differences I noted were share of white vote falling to 72 percent. That’s what the Obama campaign, to their credit, said all along. We showed it just over 73 percent. Also, youth turnout higher and senior turnout lower than expected. That’s a pretty big deal given the size of the generation gap. I think it showed clearly that the Obama team had a great game plan for identifying their vote and getting it to the polls."
On November 8, Rasmussen Reports stated that "The 2012 election was very likely the last presidential election of the telephone polling era. While the industry did an excellent job of projecting the results, entirely new techniques will need to be developed before 2016. The central issue is that phone polling worked for decades because that was how people communicated. In the 21st century, that is no longer true."
Rasmussen Reports’ final White House Watch survey showed Democrat Hillary Clinton with a 1.7% popular-vote lead over Republican Donald Trump. After all 136+ million U.S. votes were counted, Clinton led the popular vote by 2.1%. As in 2012, a Fordham University study by Dr. Panagopoulos compared pre-election polling with the results from election day. The study ranked 14 organizations but, unlike 2012, chose to omit the results of Rasmussen Reports.
Congressional and gubernatorialEdit
In the 2009 New Jersey gubernatorial race, Rasmussen Reports' final poll predicted that Chris Christie would beat Jon Corzine by a margin of 3 points. Christie won the race with a spread of 4.3 points. In December 2009, Alan Abramowitz wrote that if Rasmussen's data was accurate, Republicans would gain 62 seats in the House during the 2010 midterm elections. In a column written the week before the 2010 midterm elections, Rasmussen stated his belief that Republicans would gain at least 55 seats in the House and end up with 48 or 49 Senate seats. Republicans ended up gaining 63 seats in the House, and coming away with 47 Senate seats.
In 2010, Rasmussen Reports was the first to show Republican Scott Brown had a chance to defeat Martha Coakley in the Massachusetts Senate race. Just after Brown's upset win, Ben Smith at Politico reported, "The overwhelming conventional wisdom in both parties until a Rasmussen poll showed the race in single digits in early January was that Martha Coakley was a lock. (It's hard to recall a single poll changing the mood of a race quite that dramatically.)" A study by Boston University and the Pew Research Center's Project for Excellence in Journalism about how the Massachusetts Senate race was covered in the media concluded that "a Rasmussen Report's [sic] poll that showed the overwhelming Republican underdog, Scott Brown, climbing to within single digits (nine points) of Martha Coakley. That poll, perhaps more than anything else, signaled that a possible upset was brewing and galvanized both the media and political worlds." The New York Times Magazine opened a March 14 cover story with a scene highlighting the impact of that poll in an internal White House meeting involving President Obama's chief of staff Rahm Emanuel. However, Rasmussen's polls all showed Coakley with the lead, including the final poll showing Coakley with a two-point lead, when she in fact lost by five points.
According to Nate Silver's assessment of 2010 pollster accuracy, the 105 polls released in senatorial and gubernatorial races by Rasmussen/Pulse Opinion Research missed the final margin between the candidates by 5.8 points. Nate Silver described Rasmussen as "biased and inaccurate", saying Rasmussen "badly missed the margin in many states, and also exhibited a considerable bias toward Republican candidates."
In 2018, Rasmussen Reports predicted that Republicans would win the generic ballot by 1 percentage point while the actual election results had Democrats winning by nearly 9 percentage points. This error of nearly 10 percentage points was the largest polling error out of major firms who polled the national generic ballot. Rasmussen pushed back against critics after their widely derided[by whom?] miss, claiming that "the midterm result was relatively poor for Democrats compared to other midterms" despite the Democrats having scored a historic margin in the popular vote. Rasmussen has not articulated any significant changes to their methodology after their significant miss in 2018.
In the business realm, Rasmussen Reports releases daily updates of Consumer and Investor Confidence with daily tracking back to 2002. The broad trends are similar to measures produced by the Conference Board and University of Michigan, but Rasmussen is the only consumer confidence measure updated daily. The firm also releases a monthly Rasmussen Employment Index, a U.S. Consumer Spending Index, Small Business Watch, and a Financial Security Index.
In addition to polling, Rasmussen Reports publishes political commentary on its website.
Evaluations of accuracy and performanceEdit
Pat Caddell and Doug Schoen wrote in 2010 that Rasmussen has an "unchallenged record for both integrity and accuracy." Slate magazine and The Wall Street Journal reported that Rasmussen Reports was one of the most accurate polling firms for the 2004 United States presidential election and 2006 United States general elections.‹See TfM›[failed verification] In 2004 Slate "publicly doubted and privately derided" Rasmussen's use of recorded voices in electoral polls. However, after the election, they concluded that Rasmussen’s polls were among the most accurate in the 2004 presidential election. According to Politico, Rasmussen's 2008 presidential-election polls "closely mirrored the election's outcome."
At the end of the 2008 presidential election, there were eight national tracking polls and many other polls conducted on a regular basis. Polling analyst Nate Silver reviewed the tracking polls and said that while none were perfect, and Rasmussen was "frequently reputed to have a Republican lean", the "house effect" in their tracking poll was small and "with its large sample size and high pollster rating [it] would probably be the one I'd want with me on a desert island."
In 2010, Silver wrote an article entitled "Is Rasmussen Reports biased?" in which he mostly defended Rasmussen from allegations of bias. However, later in the year, Rasmussen's polling results diverged notably from those of other mainstream pollsters, which Silver labeled a "house effect." He went on to explore other factors that may have explained the effect, such as the use of a likely voter model, and claimed that Rasmussen conducted its polls in a way that excluded the majority of the population from answering.
After the 2010 midterm elections, Silver concluded that Rasmussen's polls were the least accurate of the major pollsters in 2010, having an average error of 5.8 points and a pro-Republican bias of 3.9 points according to Silver's model. FiveThirtyEight currently rates Rasmussen Reports with a C+ grade and notes a simple average error of 5.3 percent across 657 polls analyzed.
Jonathan Chait of the New Republic said that Rasmussen is perceived in the "conservative world" as "the gold standard" and suggested the polling company asks the questions specifically to show public support for the conservative position. They cited an example in which Rasmussen asked "Should the government set limits on how much salt Americans can eat?" when the issue was actually whether to limit the amount of salt only in pre-processed food.
The Center for Public Integrity listed "Scott Rasmussen Inc" as a paid consultant for the 2004 George W. Bush campaign. The Washington Post reported that the 2004 Bush re-election campaign had used a feature on the Rasmussen Reports website that allowed customers to program their own polls, and that Rasmussen asserted that he had not written any of the questions nor assisted Republicans.
In 2009 Time magazine described Rasmussen Reports as a "conservative-leaning polling group." John Zogby said in 2010 that Scott Rasmussen had a "conservative constituency." In 2012 The Washington Post called Rasmussen a "polarizing pollster."
Rasmussen has received criticism over the wording in its polls. Asking a polling question with different wording can affect the results of the poll; the commentators in question allege that the questions Rasmussen ask in polls are skewed in order to favor a specific response. For instance, when Rasmussen polled whether Republican voters thought Rush Limbaugh was the leader of their party, the specific question they asked was: "Agree or Disagree: 'Rush Limbaugh is the leader of the Republican Party—he says jump and they say how high.'"
Talking Points Memo has questioned the methodology of Rasmussen's Presidential Approval Index, which takes into account only those who "strongly" approve or disapprove of the President's job performance. TPM noted that this inherently skews negative, and reported that multiple polling experts were critical of the concept. A New York Times article claims Rasmussen Reports research has a "record of relying on dubious sampling and weighting techniques." Rasmussen has also been criticized for only polling Likely Voters which, according to Politico, "potentially weeds out younger and minority voters".
A 2017 article by Chris Cillizza for CNN raised doubts about Rasmussen's accuracy, drawing attention specifically to potential sampling biases such as the exclusion of calls to cell phones (which, Cillizza argued, tended to exclude younger voters), and also more generally to a lack of methodological disclosure. Cillizza did, however, note in the same piece that Rasmussen was one of the more accurate polling organizations during the 2016 United States presidential election.
A December 2018 article by political writer and analyst Harry Enten called Rasmussen the least accurate pollster in the 2018 midterm elections after stating Rasmussen had projected the Republicans to come ahead nationally by one point, while at the time Democrats were actually winning the national House vote by 8.6 points - an error of nearly 10 points.
The Associated Press has also addressed Rasmussen's methodology. In 2018 journalists for the Associated Press noted that Rasmussen's telephone methodology systematically omits adults, many of them young people, without cell phones. The Associated Press also noted that Rasmussen does not provide details regarding its online-panel methodology.
In an article for The Hill titled Rasmussen Research has a pro-GOP bias, panelist discussed Rasmussen's practice of adjusting results by party identification. In addition to providing professional criticism from Ipsos, the article cited methodological concerns from Frank Newport of Gallup.
- "Rasmussen Reports Delivers Unbiased & Accurate Surveys - Rasmussen Reports®". www.rasmussenreports.com.
- "Rasmussen Research has a pro-GOP bias". The Hill. November 20, 2019.
- Reports, Rasmussen (23 February 2020). "Before our now apparently pervasive on-air mention-ban at @FoxNews (news shows not opinion shows) Neil Cavuto of @TeamCavuto in 2017 gave our spokeswoman @realamymholmes a fair hearing. Amy is such a pro.Quite informative on our approach. Video herehttps://youtu.be/uZFGCx1j5Vo". https://twitter.com/Rasmussen_Poll. Retrieved 23 February 2020. External link in
- Blumenthal, Mark; Edwards-Levy, Ariel (2013-08-22). "Pollster Scott Rasmussen Leaves Firm He Founded A Decade Ago". Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Scott Rasmussen Interview" (September 2009) and "Scott Rasmussen Interview" (July 2009) on The Fred Thompson Show.
- "Rasmussen Reports, LLC". InsideView. Archived from the original on May 20, 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- Siegelheim, Matt. "Scott Rasmussen to Launch New Media Venture". Rasmussen Media Group. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- Prang, Allison (2013-08-22). "Founder Departs Polling Firm Rasmussen Reports". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- "Company Overview of Rasmussen Reports, LLC". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Scott Rasmsusen". LinkedIn. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
- "Rasmussen Reports Announces a Change in Management". Rasmussen Reports. 2013-08-22. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Byers, Dylan (2013-08-22). "Rasmussen founder leaves company". Politico. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- "Meet the Man Who Takes America's Pulse". Washington Business Magazine. Spring 2012. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "SEC Info - Townpagesnet Com PLC - '6-K' for 12/31/99". www.secinfo.com.
- "Keeping Track of Tracking Polls". Wired. 2000-10-26. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- Tartakoff, Joseph (August 10, 2009). "Public Opinion Firm Rasmussen Reports Gets 'Major Growth Capital Investment'". The Washington Post.
- "Sticking A Toe Into Pool Of Applicants". Snelling Staffing Services. Archived from the original on March 16, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "Telco Develops Syndie Offerings With Rasmussen". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 2012-02-18.
- "Pollster Scott Rasmussen to Debut Television Show". NewsMax. 2012-08-08. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Methodology". Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- News, A. B. C. "Study Casts Light on Political Robo-Polls". ABC News.
- https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/robopolls-significantly-more-favorable-to-republicans-than-traditional-surveys/. Missing or empty
- "About Us". Pulse Opinion Research. Archived from the original on 2012-04-26. Retrieved 2012-06-15.
- "About Us". Rasmussen Reports. 2010.
- Silver, Nate (2 June 2016). "Pollster Ratings". FiveThirtyEight.
- "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Rasmussen Reports. 2012-07-10. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Rasmussen: Obama gets polling bump from high court health ruling". The Hill. 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "So What's a Likely Voter? Answers from Rasmussen and PPP". Pollster.com. November 17, 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "Why Is Rasmussen So Different?". Pollster.com. December 1, 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "Obama's Poll Numbers Are Falling to Earth". Wall Street Journal. March 13, 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- https://www.mcall.com/la-pol-updates-everything-president-trump-shares-favorable-poll-results-1492473700-htmlstory.html. Missing or empty
- Nelson, Louis; Shepard, Steven. "Trump: My approval rating is the same as Obama's was in his first year". POLITICO.
- Kilgore, Ed (12 June 2019). "Trump Can't Stop Lying About His Unpopularity". Intelligencer.
- Rupar, Aaron (11 June 2019). "Trump is reportedly in denial about his campaign's bleak internal polling". Vox.
- https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/politics/wp/2018/04/16/five-things-to-keep-in-mind-whenever-trump-tweets-about-polling/. Missing or empty
- Ford, Matt (20 May 2020). "Donald Trump's Never-Ending War on Numbers". The New Republic.
- "Generic Congressional Ballot". Rasmussen Reports. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "The Silver Lining In the SCOTUS Ruling? A Restrained EPA". Forbes. 2012-06-29. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Generic Ballot Blues". FiveThirtyEight. 2009-03-29. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "For 100th Consecutive Time, Voters Back Obamacare's Repeal". Weekly Standard. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "67% of Political Class Say U.S. Heading in Right Direction, 84% of Mainstream Disagrees". Rasmussen Reports. 2010-08-03. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Right Direction or Wrong Track". Rasmussen Reports. 2012-07-05. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "The Obama re-election myth". Washington Times. 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2012-07-10.
- "Highlights from Tony Snow's Conference Call With Bloggers". National Review Online. 2007-07-12. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- David Weigel: Rasmussen, the Only Poll that Matters The Washington Independent, 18 February 2009
- Kirell, Andrew (22 May 2012). "Rasmussen Poll Finds More Than Half Of America Now Supports Legalizing Marijuana". Mediaite. Archived from the original on 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2020-04-01.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "U.S. Congress: You're Fired! 68% of the Country Is Right!". Huffington Post. 2012-07-05. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- Sareen, Anjali (7 January 2013). "Tea Party Popularity Falls To Record Low, Rasmussen Reports". Mediaite. Archived from the original on 2013-02-16. Retrieved 2020-04-01.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)
- "Gresham's Law of Junk — Franklin & Marshall". Fandm.edu. 2002-01-08. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "Presidential Poll Performance 2000". National Council on Public Polls. 2001-01-03. Retrieved 2012-06-07.
- Saletan, William (December 9, 2004). "Let's Go to the Audiotape Who nailed the election results? Automated pollsters". Slate. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- Caddell, Patrick (2010-01-14). "Don't Shoot The Pollster, Wall Street Journal, January 14, 2010". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "Low favorables: Democrats rip Rasmussen". Politico. Jan 2, 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- Kleefeld, Eric (2009-07-29). "The Rasmussen "Presidential Approval Index": Is This Newer Measurement Worth Anything?". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "2008 RCP Averages and State Results". RealClearPolitics. 2008-11-05. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Final Rasmussen Poll Results – Presidential Election". Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- Rasmussen, Scott (2012-11-02). "An Unpredictable End to a Very Predictable Election". Creators Syndicate. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- "2012 Electoral College Scoreboard". Rasmussen Reports. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Rodriguez, Jessica (2012-11-05). "Presidential Polls 2012: Latest Rasmussen Poll Indicates Swing States of Florida, Ohio, Virginia to Decide Election". Christian Post. Retrieved 28 November 2012.
- Easley, Jonathan (2012-11-06). "Rasmussen: 'I have no idea who's going to win'". The Hill. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Salant, Jonathan; Curtis, Laura (2012-11-07). "Nate Silver-Led Stat Men Crush Pundits in Presidential Election". Bloomberg. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Leighton, Kyle (2012-11-07). "Fordham Study: Public Policy Polling Deemed Most Accurate National Pollster In 2012". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Silver, Nate (10 November 2012). "Which Polls Fared Best (and Worst) in the 2012 Presidential Race". FiveThirtyEight.
- Rainey, James (2012-11-08). "Parsing polls: Nate Silver picks on target, Rasmussen not so much". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- Weigel, David (2012-11-07). "Scott Rasmussen Explains Why His Polls Didn't Foresee an Obama Win". Slate. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- "Daily Presidential Tracking Poll". Rasmussen Reports. 2012-11-08. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
- "How We Did". Rasmussen Reports. 2016-11-15. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
- "General Election: Trump vs. Clinton vs. Johnson vs. Stein". RealClear Politics. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- "Costas Panagopoulos". Elections and Campaign Management. Fordham University. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- Panagopoulos, Costas. "Poll Accuracy in the 2016 Presidential Election" (PDF). Department of Political Science, Fordham University. CENTER FOR ELECTORAL POLITICS AND DEMOCRACY. Retrieved 7 March 2017.
- "New Jersey Governor - Corzine vs. Christie". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- "Abramowitz: A Note on the Rasmussen Effect". The Democratic Strategist. 2009-12-07. Archived from the original on 2012-05-01. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- "A Vote Against Dems, Not for the GOP". Wall Street Journal. 2010-11-01. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- "2010 Election Results". New York Times. 2010-11-04. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- Smith, Ben (2010-01-17). "Seeing Brown coming". Politico. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "Hiding in Plain Sight, From Kennedy to Brown Journalism.org April 20, 2010". Journalism.org. 2010-04-20. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- "The Limits of Rahmism". New York Times Magazine. 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2012-07-12.
- Reports, Rasmussen. "Election 2010: Massachusetts Special Senate Election - Rasmussen Reports™". www.rasmussenreports.com.
- Silver, Nate (November 4, 2010). "Rasmussen Polls Were Biased and Inaccurate; Quinnipiac, SurveyUSA Performed Strongly". The New York Times.
- "2018 Generic Congressional Vote". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
- "Democrats won House popular vote by largest midterm margin since Watergate". NBC News. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
... the largest total victory in a midterm House election since Democrats defeated Republicans by more than 8.7 million votes in 1974
- . Rasmussen Reports http://www.rasmussenreports.com/public_content/political_commentary. Retrieved 2019-10-17. Missing or empty
- Rasmussen, Scott W. (2010-01-22). In Search of Self-Governance. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 9781449593544.
- "Pollster Scott Rasmussen to speak on National Review cruise — for free". Salon. 2010-07-12. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- Bialik, Carl (November 16, 2006). "Grading the Pollsters". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones. Retrieved November 1, 2007.
- Alex Isenstadt, "Democrats rip Rasmussen" Archived 2010-06-12 at the Wayback Machine, Politico, January 2, 2010, accessed July 5, 2010.
- Silver, Nate (2008-10-21). "Politics Done Right: Tracking Poll Primer". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
- Alexander, Jeffrey C. (2010-11-01). The Performance of Politics: Obama's Victory and the Democratic Struggle for Power. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199781355.
- Silver, Nate (January 1, 2010). "Is Rasmussen Reports Biased?". The New York Times.
- Silver, Nate (March 11, 2010). "House Effects Render Poll-Reading Difficult". The New York Times.
- Silver, Nate (April 17, 2010). "Use of Likely Voter Model Does Not Explain Rasmussen "House Effect"". The New York Times.
- Silver, Nate (July 19, 2010). "Is a Poll Scientific if it Excludes More Than Half the Population?". The New York Times.
- Silver, Nate (2016-06-02). "FiveThirtyEight's Pollster Ratings". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-02-17.
- "The Rasmussen Problem". New Republic. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- "Pollster.com - Political Surveys and Election Polls, Trends, Charts and Analysis". www.pollster.com. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
- Campaign Consultants, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved 2016-09-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link), Center For Public Integrity, 2003–2004
- "Pollster Scott Rasmussen's numbers are firing up Republicans and Democrats". Washington Post. 2010-06-17. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- Walsh, Bryan (December 7, 2009). "Has 'Climategate' Been Overblown?". Time. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
- Horowitz, Jason (June 17, 2010), "Pollster Scott Rasmussen's numbers are firing up Republicans and Democrats", Washington Post, retrieved April 23, 2014
- Blake, Aaron (September 17, 2012), "Rasmussen: The GOP's cure for the common poll", Washington Post, retrieved April 23, 2014
- Bialik, Carl (September 25, 2010). "When Wording Skews Results in Polls". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Political Animal". Washington Monthly. 4 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- "Do polls show 'majority support' for health plan?". PolitiFact.com. 2009-11-02. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
- Cohn, Nate (12 September 2014). "Democrats Are Seeing More Daylight in Path to Senate Control". New York Times.
- Isenstadt, Alex (January 2, 2010). "Democrats rip Rasmussen". Politico. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
- Chris Cillizza (April 17, 2017). "Is Donald Trump's approval rating really 50 percent?". CNN. Retrieved April 17, 2017.
- Harry Enten (December 8, 2018). "Trump's favorite pollster was the least accurate in the midterms". CNN.
- "AP FACT CHECK: Trump cites questionable job approval rating". Associated Press. October 29, 2019.