Railway station types in Germany

The railways in Germany use several abbreviations to differentiate between various types of stops and stations.

Current usageEdit

  • BfBahnhof (railway station), defined as a place where trains may start, stop, end, overtake, meet or change directions, and that has at least one set of points.
  • HbfHauptbahnhof, the main or central station of a town or city. Also the only abbreviation commonly found on station timetables and signs.
  • PbfPersonenbahnhof (passenger station), usually used to differentiate in places that have several types of stations, but only one passenger station.
  • FbfFernbahnhof (long distance station).
  • RbfRangierbahnhof (marshalling yard).
  • GbfGüterbahnhof (freight station).
  • BbfBetriebsbahnhof.
  • BftBahnhofsteil (part of a station), used when a station consists of distinct facilities, for example a Pbf and a Rbf.
  • HpHaltepunkt, (halt) a passenger stop that does not fit the requirements to be a Bf. Defined as a place where trains can start, stop, terminate or reverse, and passengers can board and alight from trains, but which has no sets of points in the vicinity.
  • HstHaltestelle, the term for a Haltepunkt at the same location as an Abzweigstelle or an Anschlussstelle (see below).

Other abbreviationsEdit

These are not real stations per se, but sometimes are the result of transforming a derelict station:

  • AbzwAbzweigstelle (a junction without platforms)
  • AnstAnschlußstelle (industrial siding outside station limits at branch lines). To avoid accidents, trains using an Anst must not be passed by trains running on the main line.
  • AwanstAusweichanschlußstelle (refuge siding), an industrial siding outside the station limits where trains can run on the main line while another train is shunting at the siding.
  • BkBlockstelle a signal box outside station limits, where there is a long distance between stations and/or junctions/crossovers, with just one signal in each direction, to allow more trains following each other (only called Bk if mechanical signal boxes are used)
  • SlstSchiffslandestelle (ship's dock)
  • ÜstÜberleitstelle (crossover)