The RER C is one of the five lines in the RER system serving Paris, France. It is operated by SNCF.

RER C
RER RER C
Overview
TypeRapid transit/commuter rail
SystemRéseau Express Régional
StatusOperational
TerminiPontoise (C1), Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche (C5), Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (C7)
Massy – Palaiseau (C2), Dourdan-la-Forêt (C4), Saint-Martin-d'Étampes (C6), Versailles-Chantiers (C8)
Stations84
Ridership140,000,000 journeys per year
Operation
Opened1979
(last extension in 2006)
Operator(s)SNCF
Rolling stockZ 5600, Z 8800, Z 20500, Z 20900
Technical
Line length185.6 km (115.3 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Route map
RER C.svg

Geographically accurate path of the RER C

The line runs from the northwestern termini Pontoise (C1), Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche (C5) and Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (C7) to the southeastern termini Massy-Palaiseau (C2), Dourdan-la-Forêt (C4), Saint-Martin d'Étampes (C6) and Versailles – Chantiers (C8).

The RER C line is the second-longest in the network, with over 187 km (116 mi) of route. RER C was created from an amalgamation and renovation of several old SNCF commuter lines unlike RER A and B which had newer sections owned and constructed by RATP. Each day, over 531 trains run on the RER C alone, and carries over 540,000 passengers daily,[1] 150,000 passengers more than the entirety of the TGV network.

It is the most popular RER line for tourists which represents 15% of its passengers, as the line serves many monuments and museums, including the Palace of Versailles. However, the numerous stops, combined with the old and fragile infrastructure the line inherited, makes the Parisian section of the RER C very slow and inefficient. The numerous old curves and steep grades on RER C means trains sometimes need to slow down to 40 km/h (25 mph) to safely pass sections with tight alignments.[2] In contrast, RER A was constructed with more modern standards enabling much higher average operating speeds. These problems are particularly evident on trips to and from the northern suburbs to the city center as taking Transilien lines and transferring to the Métro is much faster than taking the meandering RER C with closely spaced stops. In addition, the RER C's complicated operating schedule created by its complex network of numerous branches means the entire line is vulnerable to delays from even the smallest incidents.

These issues have led to the line being called "Réseau Escargot Régional" (Regional Snail Network) by the local populace.[3]

HistoryEdit

 
The view from Île aux Cygnes towards the Eiffel Tower, with a RER-C train crossing the Pont Rouelle
RER C
 C1 
 
Pontoise
 
 
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône
 
Saint-Ouen-l'Aumône – Liesse
 
Pierrelaye
 
 C3 
 
Montigny – Beauchamp
 
Franconville – Le Plessis-Bouchard
 
Cernay
 C5 
 
Ermont-Eaubonne
Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche
 
 
Saint-Gratien
Porchefontaine
 
 
Épinay-sur-Seine
 C7 
 
 
Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
 
 
 
Gennevilliers
Saint-Cyr
 
 
 
Les Grésillons
 C8 
 
 
 
Versailles – Chantiers
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Saint-Ouen
Viroflay – Rive-Gauche
 
 
 
Porte de Clichy
Chaville-Vélizy
 
 
 
Pereire – Levallois
 
 
 
Neuilly – Porte Maillot
Meudon – Val Fleury
 
 
 
Avenue Foch
Issy
 
 
 
Avenue Henri Martin
Issy – Val de Seine
 
 
 
Boulainvilliers
Pont du Garigliano
 
 
 
Avenue du Président Kennedy
Javel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Champ de Mars – Tour Eiffel
Petit Jouy - Les Loges
 
 
Pont de l'Alma
 
 
Invalides
 
 
Musée d'Orsay
Jouy-en-Josas
 
 
Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame
 
 
Gare d'Austerlitz
 
 
 
Bibliothèque François Mitterrand
 
 
Masséna
closed in 2000
Vauboyen
 
 
Ivry-sur-Seine
 
 
Vitry-sur-Seine
 
 
Les Ardoines
Bièvres
 
 
Choisy-le-Roi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Villeneuve-le-Roi
Igny
 
 
 
Ablon
 
 
 
Athis-Mons
 
 
 
Juvisy
Les Saules
 
 
 
 C10 
Orly-Ville
 
 
 
Savigny-sur-Orge
 
Pont de Rungis – Aéroport d'Orly
 
 
 
 
 C12 
 
 
 
 
Petit Vaux
Rungis – La Fraternelle
 
 
 
 
Gravigny – Balizy
Chemin d'Antony
 
 
 
 
Chilly-Mazarin
Massy-Verrières
 
 
 
 
Longjumeau
Massy – Palaiseau
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Épinay-sur-Orge
 C2 
 
 
 
 
Sainte-Geneviève-des-Bois
 
Saint-Michel-sur-Orge
 
Brétigny
 
 
 
 
La Norville - Saint-Germain-lès-Arpajon
 
 
Marolles-en-Hurepoix
Arpajon
 
 
Bouray
Égly
 
 
Lardy
Breuillet - Bruyères-le-Châtel
 
 
Chamarande
Breuillet - Village
 
 
Étréchy
Saint-Chéron
 
 
Étampes
Sermaise
 
 
Saint-Martin-d'Étampes
Dourdan
 
 C6 
Dourdan-la-Forêt
 
 C4 

Line C was opened on 26 September 1979 following the construction of a new 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) tunnel connecting the Gare d'Orsay railway terminus (now Musée d'Orsay) with the Invalides terminus of the Rive Gauche line to Versailles, along the banks of the Seine. Services operated between Versailles-Château-Rive-GaucheInvalidesQuai-d'Orsay, branching to Massy – Palaiseau, and JuvisyDourdan / Saint-Martin d'Étampes.

May 1980 : Service extended Saint-Quentin-en-YvelinesVersailles – ChantiersGare des Invalides.

On 25 September 1988 the VMI ("Vallée de Montmorency – Invalides") branch to the north-west opened. This branch mostly used the infrastructure of the "ligne d'Auteuil" (incorporated into the "ligne de petite ceinture" from 1867, closed to passengers from 22 July 1934), and a new 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) tunnel connection between Batignolles and St-Ouen, connecting to the RER C's main trunk at Champ de Mars-Tour Eiffel via a curved bridge (the only one in Paris) over the Seine river. This extended services to Montigny – Beauchamp and Argenteuil.

Porte de Clichy opened on 29 September 1991. Located between Pereire – Levallois and St-Ouen.

In 1992 the line was extended from Juvisy to Versailles.

A further 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) extension from Montigny – Beauchamp to Pontoise was opened on 28 August 2000. On the same day a new station, Bibliothèque François Mitterrand, opened in order to create a new connexion with Métro Line 14. Located between Paris-Austerlitz and Boulevard Masséna (which was closed and replaced by the new station).

Another new station, St-Ouen-l'Aumône-Liesse, opened on 24 March 2002. Located between Pierrelaye and St-Ouen-l'Aumône.

The C3 branch (from Ermont-Eaubonne to Argenteuil) transferred to the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail network on 27 August 2006.

On 16 December 2006, Boulevard Victor was renamed Boulevard Victor – Pont du Garigliano to highlight the new interchange with tramway line T3.

In February 2012, Versailles - Rive Gauche was renamed Versailles-Château-Rive-Gauche, to avoid frequent tourist confusion with other stations in Versailles.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ « JEUDI, le mag des jeudis de la ligne C Transilien », 27, Novembre 2012, page 2 (consulté le 31 décembre 2016).
  2. ^ André Jacquot, La ligne C du RER, p 108
  3. ^ "Changements dans l'air dans le RER". metro-pole.net, via web.archive.org. 15 December 2007. Archived from the original on 25 December 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2015..

External linksEdit