Rückert-Lieder (Songs after Rückert) is a song cycle of five Lieder for voice and orchestra or piano by Gustav Mahler, based on poems written by Friedrich Rückert. The songs were first published in Sieben Lieder aus letzter Zeit (Seven Songs of Latter Days)).
|Song cycle by Gustav Mahler|
The composer, portrayed by Emil Orlik, ca. 1903
|Text||poems by Friedrich Rückert|
|Performed||29 January 1905|
- Blicke mir nicht in die Lieder! (Look not, love, on my work unended!) – 14 June 1901
- Ich atmet’ einen linden Duft (I breathed the breath of blossoms red) – July 1901
- Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen (O garish world, long since thou hast lost me) – 16 August 1901
- Um Mitternacht (At midnight hour) – Summer 1901
- Liebst du um Schönheit (Lov'st thou but beauty) – August 1902
The first four songs were premiered on 29 January 1905 in Vienna, Mahler himself conducting, together with his Kindertotenlieder (also on poems by Rückert). The last song, Liebst du um Schönheit, was not orchestrated by Mahler himself but by Max Puttmann, an employee of the first publisher, after Mahler's death.
The set of songs is not a cycle in the narrowest sense, because the Lieder are independent, connected only by the poetry and common themes. However, they were published together and most often have been performed together and come to be known as the Rückert-Lieder, although Mahler did set more texts of Rückert. Artists such as Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau and Kathleen Ferrier have chosen their own order of the Lieder.
The songs were first published in 1910 by C.F. Kahnt of Leipzig as Sieben Lieder aus letzter Zeit (Seven Songs of Latter Days), together with Revelge and Der Tamboursg’sell (on poems from Des Knaben Wunderhorn) in the order:
- Ich atmet’ einen linden Duft
- Liebst du um Schönheit
- Blicke mir nicht in die Lieder
- Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen
- Um Mitternacht
- Revelge (Reveille)
- Der Tamboursg’sell (The Drummer Boy)
Universal Edition has published a score consisting only of the five Rückert settings.
The size and constitution of the orchestra varies from song to song, but the instruments required for performance of the complete set are as follows: two flutes, two oboes, oboe d'amore, English horn, two clarinets, two bassoons, contrabassoon, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, bass tuba, timpani, celesta, harp, piano and strings.
The Austrian composer and conductor Gerhard Präsent has written two arrangements for small chamber ensemble:
- Three Rückert Songs for high voice, violin, viola and piano op.36b (Liebst du um Schönheit, Blicke mir nicht..., Ich bin der Welt...) in 1998, and
- Five Rückert Songs for middle voice, violin, viola, cello and piano op.44 (2002–03) (),
the latter recorded by the ALEA Ensemble with the baritone Alexander Puhrer.
|Blicke mir nicht ...||Ich atmet' einen linden ...||Ich bin der Welt ...||Um Mitternacht||Liebst du um Schönheit|
|Oboe||Oboe||Oboe||Oboe d'amore||2 Oboes|
|English horn||English horn|
|Clarinet (B♭)||Clarinet (A)||2 Clarinets (B♭)||2 Clarinets (A)||2 Clarinets (B♭)|
|Bassoon||2 Bassoons||2 Bassoons||2 Bassoons||2 Bassoons|
|Horn (F)||3 Horns (F)||2 Horns (E♭)||4 Horns (E♭)||4 Horns (F)|
|2 Trumpets (E♭)|
|Violin I||Violin||Violin I||Violin I|
|Violin II||Violin II||Violin II|
- Mahler, Gustav (1913). Ruckert-Lieder (PDF). Leipzig: C.F. Kahnt Nachfolger. Retrieved 2 April 2018.
- Rückert Lieder: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Fünf Rückertlieder, the lyrics with translations at the LiederNet Archive
- Rückertlieder Chronologie Discographie Commentaires on gustavmahler.net (in French)