Röttingen is a town in the district of Würzburg, in Bavaria, Germany. It is situated 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Würzburg, and 15 kilometres (9 mi) east of Bad Mergentheim.

Röttingen
Coat of arms of Röttingen
Coat of arms
Location of Röttingen within Würzburg district
Röttingen in WÜ.svg
Röttingen is located in Germany
Röttingen
Röttingen
Röttingen is located in Bavaria
Röttingen
Röttingen
Coordinates: 49°30′N 9°58′E / 49.500°N 9.967°E / 49.500; 9.967Coordinates: 49°30′N 9°58′E / 49.500°N 9.967°E / 49.500; 9.967
CountryGermany
StateBavaria
Admin. regionUnterfranken
DistrictWürzburg
Municipal assoc.Röttingen
Subdivisions3 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorMartin Umscheid
Area
 • Total27.19 km2 (10.50 sq mi)
Elevation
243 m (797 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,673
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
97285
Dialling codes09338
Vehicle registration
Websitewww.roettingen.de

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

The valley of Tauber is one of the driest areas in Bavaria and belongs to the continental, dry and warm type of climate with very little of rain. There are more than 30 days every year when the temperature is above 25° Celsius (77 °F) and fewer than 10 days every year where the temperature is below 0° Celsius (32 °F).

Parts of the townEdit

Parts of the town are Aufstetten, Röttingen, Strüth.

HistoryEdit

The Alemanic tribe of the "Ruoter" (Ruotingen = Röttingen) probably settled first on this place in the late 5th century. The oldest documents in the town date back to 1103, and the town privilege was given in 1275.

In 1298 the town was the scene of the Rintfleisch massacres, when a certain "Lord Rintfleisch", accusing the town's Jews of having obtained and desecrated a consecrated host, gathered a mob around him and burned the Jews of Röttingen on April 20, 1298.

Röttingen belonged then to the area of Hohenlohe and later changed to the Hochstift of the Bishop of Würzburg. From 14th century on it was the residence of a local authority of the bishop.

The German Peasants' War in 1525 abruptly stopped economic development. The long reign of Bishop Julius Echter von Mespelbrunn over the town brought back the prosperity of the community mainly based on the production and trade of wine.

During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), Röttingen had to go through a lot of turmoil since the army of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden was fighting in the Tauber valley. The wars of the 16th and 17th century destroyed all economic prosperity of the town and their inhabitants.

When Napoleon came, he brought the Franconian "Kleinstaaterei" to an abrupt end. In the following years all the clerical property was dissolved and Röttingen joined the Bavarian region of Untermainkreis.

The royal Bavarian administration in 1837 divided Franconia into Upper-, Middle- and Lowerfranconia as it is nowadays.

DemographicsEdit

In 1970, there were 1,988 inhabitants in Röttingen. In 1987, this figure decreased to 1,733, and in 2000 there was a slight increase to 1,789 people. As of December 2006, there are 1,663 people living in the town.

95% of the town is Roman Catholic. Another 3% of the town is Evangelical. Other religions and denominations constitute 2% of the population.

PoliticsEdit

Municipal councilEdit

12 seats

election from 2 March 2008:

  • CSU/Freie Bürger: 9 seats
  • Unabhängige Bürger Röttingen (UBR): 3 seats

MayorEdit

Martin Umscheid (CSU / Freie Bürger) 75,59%. Er hat seit 2003 das Direktmandat für den unterfränkischen Bezirkstag und ist dort stellvertretender CSU-Fraktionsvorsitzender.

Röttingen ist Sitz einer Verwaltungsgemeinschaft mit folgenden Mitgliedsgemeinden: Bieberehren, Riedenheim, Röttingen, Tauberrettersheim.

City partnershipsEdit

The city maintains a partnership with:

  • Bad Mitterndorf, Steiermark, Austria

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

AmalgamationsEdit

Economy and infrastructureEdit

Röttingen is a wine-producing community in the Tauber Valley. Vineyards covering about 30 hectares (74 acres) produce grapes made into Frankonian wine on the "Röttinger Feuerstein": 70% is Müller-Thurgau, 20% Silvaner; 10% is Riesling, Traminer, Kerner, Scheurebe, Bacchus, Schwarzriesling etc. A local speciality is the "Tauberschwarz". This traditional sort of grapes exists only in the area of the Tauber Valley.

TransportEdit

RoadsEdit

RailwaysEdit

HealthcareEdit

CompaniesEdit

Educational institutionsEdit

KindergartenEdit

SchoolsEdit

CultureEdit

MuseumsEdit

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.

LiteratureEdit

  • Hartmut Eichinger: Set of illustrated books - Röttingen im Zeitenlauf -
Book 1: Burg Brattenstein, Erste Burgfestpiele, Europastadt, Röttingen 2017, 48 pages, b/w;
Book 2: Leben und Arbeiten, Röttingen 2018, 72 pages, b/w;
Book 3: Historische Daten, Bauten und Bilder, Röttingen 2018, 104 pages, b/w;
Book 4: Personen, Kirche, Vereine, Feste, Röttingen 2019, 104 pages, b/w;
(available at the tourist information Röttingen, at company |eibe.de| - Röttingen or from the author)
  • Hartmut Eichinger: Chronik der Zimmererfamilie Eichinger Book about the time from 1448 with reports about 14 generations carpentering in Röttingen, Röttingen 2016 (available at company eibe.de - Röttingen or from the author)
  • Hartmut Eichinger: Visionen für Kinder (Visions for children), an authors biography with reports about the rise of the fatherly carpentry firm to the international working company eibe, Röttingen 2017 (available at company eibe.de - Röttingen or from the author)
  • Dr. Michael Wieland: Röttingen - Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte dieser Fränkischen Landstadt, Original Würzburg 1858, (in the archive of Hartmut Eichinger)
  • Dr. Michael Wieland: Röttingen - vermehrter und verbesserter Beitrag zu einer Geschichte dieser Stadt, Original Würzburg 1904, Nachdruck durch H. Eichinger 1990 (available from the author)

External linksEdit