List of Queens of Jerusalem

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Coat of arms of the kingdom of Jerusalem

This is a list of Queens of Jerusalem, from 1099 to 1291.

Throughout 200 years of its existence, the Kingdom of Jerusalem had one protector, 18 kings (including 7 jure uxoris) and five queens regnant. Six women were queens consort, i.e. queens as wives of the kings. Some of them were highly influential in the country's history, having ruled as regents for their minor children and heirs, as well as having a great influence over their spouses. Many kings of Jerusalem died unmarried or as children.

Queens of JerusalemEdit

Reigning QueensEdit

This is a list of queens regnant of Jerusalem who held to the throne by their own right:

Queen Portrait Birth Husbands and Co-Rulers Death
Melisende
1131-1153
  1105
Jerusalem
daughter of King Baldwin II and Morphia of Melitene
Fulk V, Count of Anjou
2 June 1129
2 sons
11 September 1161
Jerusalem
aged 61
Sibylla
1186-1190
  c. 1160
daughter of King Amalric and Agnes of Courtenay
William of Montferrat, Count of Jaffa and Ascalon
1176
one son

Guy of Lusignan
April 1180
2 daughters
25 July (probable), 1190
Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem
aged about 40
Isabella I
1190/1192-1205
  1172
Nablus, Kingdom of Jerusalem
daughter of King Amalric I and Maria Komnene
Humphrey IV of Toron
November 1183
no children

Conrad of Montferrat
24 November 1190
one daughter

Henry II, Count of Champagne
6 May 1192
2 daughters

Amalric of Lusignan
January 1198
3 children
5 April 1205
Acre, Kingdom of Jerusalem
aged 33
Maria
1205-1212
  1192
daughter of Conrad of Montferrat and Queen Isabella
John of Brienne
14 September 1210
one daughter
1212
aged 20
Isabella II
also called Yolande
1212-1228
  1212
daughter of John of Brienne and Queen Maria
Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor
August 1225
2 children
25 April 1228
Andria, Holy Roman Empire
aged 16

ConsortsEdit

House of Boulogne, 1099–1118Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Coronation Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
  Arda of Armenia Thoros, Lord of Marash - 1097 25 December 1100
husband's coronation
Never Crowned 1105
marriage annulled, but not according to the church
after 1117 Baldwin I
  Adelaide del Vasto Boniface del Vasto
(Aleramici)
1072/5 September 1113
bigamous according to the Pope
Never Crowned 1117
marriage annulled due to pressure from the Pope
16 April 1118

House of Rethel, 1118–1153Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Coronation Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
Morphia of Melitene Gabriel of Melitene - 1101 14 April 1118
husband's coronation
Christmas 1119
at Bethlehem
1 October 1126 or 1127 Baldwin II

House of Anjou, 1143–1205Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Coronation Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
  Theodora Komnene sebastokratōr Isaac Komnenos
(Komnenoi)
1145 after September 1158 - 10 February 1162
husband's death
- Baldwin III
  Agnes of Courtenay
[note 1]
Joscelin II, Count of Edessa
(Courtenay)
1133/6 1157 10 February 1162
husband's accession
[note 2]
Never crowned 1163
marriage annulled on grounds of consanguinity
September 1184
or
1 February 1185
Amalric I
  Maria Komnene protosébastos John Komnenos
(Komnenoi)
1154 29 August 1167 - 11 July 1174
husband's death
1208-17

House of Aleramici, 1205–1212Edit

House of Brienne, 1212–1228Edit

House of Hohenstaufen, 1228–1268Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Coronation Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
  Elisabeth of Bavaria Otto II, Duke of Bavaria
(Wittelsbach)
1227 1 September 1246 - 21 May 1254
husband's death
9 October 1273 Conrad II

House of Lusignan, 1268–1291Edit

Picture Name Father Birth Marriage Became Queen Coronation Ceased to be Queen Death Spouse
  Isabella of Ibelin Guy of Ibelin, Constable of Cyprus
(Ibelin)
1241/42 after 23 January 1255 24 September 1269
husband's coronation
- 24 March 1284
husband's death
2 June 1324 Hugh I

NotesEdit

  1. ^ She was the untitiled royal consort of Amalric I from her husband's accession to their marriage annulment.
  2. ^ After Baldwin III's death, the Haute Cour refused to endorse Amalric as king unless his marriage to Agnes was annulled. She was never a titled Queen consort, although Agnes continued to hold the title Countess of Jaffa and Ascalon and received a pension from that fief's income.

See alsoEdit