Route 138 is a major highway in the Canadian province of Quebec, following the entire north shore of the Saint Lawrence River past Montreal to the temporary eastern terminus in Kegashka on the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. The western terminus is in Elgin, at the border with New York State south-west of Montreal (connecting with New York State Route 30 at the Trout River Border Crossing). Part of this highway is known as the Chemin du Roy, or King's Highway, which is one of the oldest highways in Canada.[citation needed]

Route 138 shield

Route 138
Chemin Du Roy
Route information
Maintained by Transports Québec
Length1,420.0 km[1] (882.3 mi)
Major junctions
West end NY 30 at Constable, New York
  A-30 / Route 132 in Chateauguay
A-20 in Montreal-Ouest
A-15 in Notre-Dame-du-Grace
A-25 (TCH) in Anjou
A-640 in Repentigny
A-40 in Pointe-du-Lac (Trois-Rivières)
A-40 / A-73 / A-540 in L'Ancienne-Lorette
A-740 / Route 358 in Vanier
A-40 / A-440 / Route 367 in Beauport
A-40 / Route 368 in Boischatel
East end Route 510 east of Blanc Sablon
Highway system

It passes through the Montérégie, Lanaudière, Mauricie, Capitale-Nationale and Côte-Nord regions of Quebec. In Montreal, Highway 138 runs via Sherbrooke Street, crosses the Pierre Le Gardeur Bridge to Charlemagne and remains a four-lane road until exiting Repentigny.

This highway takes a more scenic route than the more direct Autoroute 40 between Montreal and Quebec City. It crosses the Saguenay River via a ferry which travels between Baie-Sainte-Catherine and Tadoussac.

Until the mid-1990s, the highway's eastern terminus was Havre-Saint-Pierre, but in 1996 the extension to Natashquan was completed. A 40 km section between Natashquan and Kegashka opened on September 26, 2013, with the inauguration of a bridge across the Natashquan River.[2][3]

A second segment of about 17 km extends from Tête-à-la-Baleine's airport, east through Tête-à-la-Baleine, to the ferry terminal southeast of Tête-à-la-Baleine. There is also a 10.7 km roadway, la route Mecatina, from Mutton Bay to a ferry terminal in La Tabatière and continuing beyond.

A third segment of Route 138 extends from Old Fort to the Newfoundland and Labrador border (connecting with Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Route 510), near Blanc-Sablon on the eastern end of the Côte-Nord.[4]

A gap remains between Kegashka and Old Fort, through isolated communities accessible only by coastal ferry. On August 25, 2006, the Quebec government announced a 10-year project to connect the two segments by building 425 km of highway along the Lower North Shore. In 2011, the Quebec government announced an additional $122 million investment for the project over five years as part of the Plan Nord.[5] However, by 2013 difficulties ensued between the Quebec Ministry of Transport and the Pakatan Corporation, who was previously responsible for managing the funding for this project, leading to the termination of agreement between the two. By this time only 12 km of this road had been built, plus some additional engineering work and deforestation.[6] The construction of two segments of the highway (Kegashka–La Romaine and Tête-à-la-Baleine–La Tabatière) is set to begin in 2019. A total of $232 million will be contributed to this project.[7]

Municipalities along Route 138Edit

 
Route 138 in the Charlevoix region.

Major intersectionsEdit

RCMLocationkmmiExitDestinationsNotes
Le Haut-Saint-LaurentElgin00.0  NY 30 – Trout River, New York, Malone, New YorkTrout River Border Crossing; western terminus
Huntingdon  Route 202 east (Rue Henderson) – Hinchinbrooke, FranklinBegin/end concurrency with Route 202
  Route 202 west – Sainte-Barbe, Salaberry-de-ValleyfieldBegin/end concurrency with Route 202
Ormstown  Route 201 north – OrmstownBegin/end concurrency with Route 201
  Route 201 south – FranklinBegin/end concurrency with Route 201
Très-Saint-Sacrement  Route 203 south – Saint-ChrysostomeNorthern terminus of Route 203
Beauharnois-SalaberrySainte-Martine  Route 205 south (Rue Hébert) – Saint-Urbain-PremierBegin/end concurrency with Route 205
  Route 205 north (Chemin de la Beauce) – BeauharnoisBegin/end concurrency with Route 205
RoussillonChâteauguay   A-30 / Route 132 west – Vaudreuil-Dorion, Sorel-TracyExit 38 (A-30); begin/end concurrency with Route 132
Kahnawake   Route 207 to Route 221 – Kahnawake, Saint-Isidore, Saint-RémiInterchange; northern terminus of Route 207
    Route 132 east to A-30 to A-15 – La PrairieInterchange; begin/end concurrency with Route 132
MontrealMontreal1Rue AirlieEastbound exit, westbound entrance
2Rue Clément, Rue St-Patrick
4  A-20 west – TorontoBegin/end concurrency with A-20
64  A-20 east – BrossardBegin/end concurrency with A-20
  A-15 – Montreal, BrossardExit 64 (A-15)
  Route 112 east (Peel Street) – Saint-LambertWestern terminus of Route 112
  Route 335 (St. Denis Street) – LavalSouthern terminus of Route 335
  Route 134 (Avenue Papineau / Lorimer Avenue) – LongueuilNorthern terminus of Route 134
  Route 125 (Boulevard Pie-IX) – LavalSouthern terminus of Route 125
   A-25 (TCH) – Terrebonne, BouchervilleExit 5 (A-25)
L'AssomptionRepentigny   To Route 344 to A-640 – Terrebonne
Saint-Sulpice   Route 343 north to A-40 – L'AssomptionSouthern terminus of Route 343
D'AutrayLavaltrie   Route 131 north to A-40 – JolietteSouthern terminus of Route 131
Berthierville  Route 158 west – Sainte-Geneviève-de-BerthierBegin/end concurrency with Route 158
  Route 158 east – La Visitation-de-l'Île-DupasBegin/end concurrency with Route 158
  A-40 – Montreal, Trois-RivièresExit 151 (A-40)
MaskinongéLouiseville  Route 348 west – Saint-Édouard-de-MaskinongéEastern terminus of Route 348
  Route 349 north – Saint-Léon-le-GrandSouthern terminus of Route 349
  A-40 – Montreal, Trois-RivièresExit 174 (A-40)
Yamachiche  Route 153 – Saint-Barnabér
Trois-RivièresTrois-Rivières  A-40 – Montreal, Trois-RivièresExit 187 (A-40)
   A-55 to A-40 – Shawinigan, Montreal, Pont LavioletteExit 181 (A-55)
  Route 157 north – Notre-Dame-du-Mont-CarmelSouthern terminus of Route 157
Les ChenauxChamplain  Route 359 north – Saint-Luc-de-VincennesSouthern terminus of Route 359
Batiscan  Route 361 north – Sainte-Geneviève-de-BatiscanSouthern terminus of Route 361
Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade   Route 159 north to A-40 – Saint-Prosper-de-ChamplainSouthern terminus of Route 159
PortneufDeschambault-Grondines   Route 363 north to A-40 – Saint-Marc-des-CarrièresSouthern terminus of Route 363
Cap-Santé   Route 358 north to A-40 – Pont-RougeWestern terminus of Route 358
  A-40 – QuebecExit 274 (A-40)
Neuville   Route 365 north to A-40 – Pont-RougeSouthern terminus of Route 365
QuébecSaint-Augustin-de-Desmaures   Route 367 north to A-40 – Sainte-Catherine-de-la-Jacques-CartierSouthern terminus of Route 367
  A-40 – Montreal, QuébecExit 298 (A-40)
Québec    A-540 (Aut. Duplessis) to A-40 to A-73Northern terminus of A-540
   A-73 / A-40 – Saguenay, Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, Pont Pierre-LaporteExit 141 (A-73/A-40)
   A-740 to A-440Exit 7 (A-740)
    A-973 / Route 175 to A-40 – Saguenay, QuébecExit 4 (A-973/QC 175)
  Route 360 westWestern terminus of Route 360
  A-440 west – Québec
  A-440 east – Sainte-Anne-de-BeaupréExit 27 (A-440)
   A-40 west / Route 368 – Québec, Île d'OrléansExit 325 (A-40); eastern terminus of A-40; western terminus of Route 368
La Côte-de-BeaupréSainte-Anne-de-Beaupré  Route 360 westBegin/end concurrency with Route 360
  Route 360 – Mont-Sainte-Anne, Saint-Ferréol-les-NeigesInterchange; begin/end concurrency with Route 360
Saint-Tite-des-Caps  Route 360 westEastern terminus of Route 360
CharlevoixBaie-Saint-Paul  Route 362 east – Saint-Joseph-de-la-RiveWestern terminus of Route 362
  Route 381 north – SaguenaySouthern terminus of Route 381
Charlevoix-EstLa Malbaie  Route 362 west – Saint-Joseph-de-la-RiveEastern terminus of Route 362
Saint-Siméon  Route 170 west – SaguenayEastern terminus of Route 170
Saguenay River  Tadoudssac–Quebec 138 Ferry
La Haute-Côte-NordTadoussac  Route 172 west – Sacre-Coeur, SaguenayEastern terminus of Route 172
Forestville  Route 385 west – Bersimis-Deux, Bersimis-UnEastern terminus of Route 385
ManicouaganBaie-Comeau  Route 389 north – FermontSouthern terminus of Route 389
Le Golfe-du-Saint-LaurentKegashka  Kegaska Airport,   Kegaska-Basse Cote-Nord FerryRight-of-way ends
Gap in route
Le Golfe-du-Saint-LaurentTête-à-la-Baleine  Tête-à-la-Baleine AirportRight-of-way begins
 Harrington Harbour Ferry;  Mutton Bay FerryRight-of-way ends
Gap in route
Le Golfe-du-Saint-LaurentVieux FortRight-of-way begins
Blanc-Sablon  Route 510 east – L'Anse-au-ClairNewfoundland and Labrador provincial line; eastern terminus of Route 138
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ministère des transports, "Distances routières", page 66-69, Les Publications du Québec, 2005
  2. ^ "Une nouvelle route pour Kegaska".
  3. ^ "Le pont de Natashquan inauguré".
  4. ^ Trans-Labrador Hwy - Labrador 2003 - Page 5
  5. ^ "Québec invests an extra $122 million for the extension of route 138 on the Basse-Côte-Nord". Gouvernement du Québec. May 30, 2011. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
  6. ^ Lévesque, Fanny (5 July 2013). "Extension of 138: Quebec terminates agreement with Pakatan Corporation". LeNord Côtier. Retrieved 26 Jun 2018.
  7. ^ "Route 138 - Extension of Route 138 on the Lower North Shore". Gouvernement du Québec. Retrieved 25 June 2018.

External linksEdit