Qazigund

Quazigund, also known as Qazigund, is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Qazigund is located at 33°35′N 75°10′E / 33.59°N 75.16°E / 33.59; 75.16. It has an average elevation of 1670 m (5478 feet) above mean sea level.

Quazigund
Town
Qazigund
Quazigund is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Quazigund
Quazigund
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Quazigund is located in India
Quazigund
Quazigund
Quazigund (India)
Coordinates: 33°35′32″N 75°09′56″E / 33.592132°N 75.165432°E / 33.592132; 75.165432Coordinates: 33°35′32″N 75°09′56″E / 33.592132°N 75.165432°E / 33.592132; 75.165432
Country India
Union TerritoryJammu and Kashmir
DistrictAnantnag
Government
 • BodyMunicipal Committee
Elevation
1,670 m (5,480 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total9,871
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK03

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[1] Qazigund had a population of 9871. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Qazigund has an average literacy rate of 70.21%, higher than the national average of 67.16%, male literacy is 79.82%, and female literacy is 58.27%. In Qazigund, 20.67% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Qazigund used to be known for religious diversity.[citation needed] Amongst both Muslims and Hindus, Pushker Nath Raina of Chowgam was a highly respected person and a great thinker, who promoted communal harmony.[citation needed] Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs used to live together in Qazigund for centuries till c. 1989. Qazigund is surrounded by springs, known as nags in the local language. Verinag source of river Jehlum is only 10 km from Qazigund. Panzath Nag is just 3 km from Qazigund and famous Vasak Nag in Kund is around 12 km from Qazigund.

There are some Sufi shrines in and around Qazigund. Khanqah of Hazrat Shahi Hamadan Ameer e Kabeer Mir Syed Ali Hamadani (RA)is located at Dooru Shahabad at a distance of 8 kilometres from Qazigund. Shrine of Hazrat Syed Noor Shah wali Baghdadi (RA) is located at Kund approximately at a distance of 12 kilometres. Shrine of Mir Syed Hafeezullah Andrabi Qadri Naqshbandi (RA) (founder of Gousia Arabic College and Gousia Public School)is located at Qazigund inside the premises of Famous Gousia Arabic College.

 
Shrine of Hazrat Mir Syed Hafeezullah Andrabi Qadri Naqshbandi (RA)

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Qazigund (1981–2010, extremes 1962–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
19.2
(66.6)
26.5
(79.7)
31.4
(88.5)
33.6
(92.5)
35.7
(96.3)
34.5
(94.1)
35.0
(95.0)
32.8
(91.0)
32.2
(90.0)
24.3
(75.7)
18.1
(64.6)
35.7
(96.3)
Average high °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
14.4
(57.9)
20.0
(68.0)
23.6
(74.5)
27.1
(80.8)
27.9
(82.2)
27.9
(82.2)
26.3
(79.3)
21.9
(71.4)
16.2
(61.2)
9.8
(49.6)
19.3
(66.7)
Average low °C (°F) −3.1
(26.4)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.8
(37.0)
6.5
(43.7)
9.7
(49.5)
13.4
(56.1)
16.6
(61.9)
15.8
(60.4)
11.0
(51.8)
5.2
(41.4)
1.0
(33.8)
−1.5
(29.3)
6.4
(43.5)
Record low °C (°F) −15.7
(3.7)
−16.7
(1.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
7.0
(44.6)
9.4
(48.9)
8.4
(47.1)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−16.7
(1.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 143.2
(5.64)
172.7
(6.80)
192.4
(7.57)
115.8
(4.56)
106.4
(4.19)
69.7
(2.74)
115.1
(4.53)
91.1
(3.59)
62.5
(2.46)
42.2
(1.66)
44.9
(1.77)
79.1
(3.11)
1,235.1
(48.63)
Average rainy days 7.3 8.4 9.3 7.9 7.9 5.4 7.1 5.7 3.6 2.7 2.5 4.6 72.5
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 69 64 56 52 55 54 62 65 56 51 56 65 59
Source: India Meteorological Department[2][3]

TransportEdit

Qazigund is connected to Anantnag and Srinagar by road and railway. There is a train service from Qazigund to Srinagar ten times a day, and is connected to Kulgam by road. Qazigund is connected to Jammu and rest of India through NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways) that passes through Jawahar Tunnel of Pir Panjal mountain. New NH444 connects Qazigund to Srinagar via Shupiyan.

Banihal railway tunnelEdit

Banihal railway tunnel or Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel, is an 11 km long railway tunnel under the Pir Panjal mountains to connect Qazigund railway station to Banihal railway station. It was bored in late 2011, became operational by 26 Dec 2012 and was commissioned in June 2013. It is India's longest and Asia's third longest railway tunnel and reduced the distance between Quazigund and Banihal to only 11 km.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  2. ^ "Station: Quazigund Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 637–638. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M78. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  4. ^ "India's longest railway tunnel unveiled in Jammu & Kashmir". The Times of India. 14 October 2011. Retrieved 14 October 2011.