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Pulwama (known as Panwangam in antiquity, and later as Pulgam) is a city and a notified area council in Pulwama district, in India's northern union territory of Kashmir. It is almost 25 km (16 mi) from the summer capital of Srinagar.
|Union territory||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Body||Pulwama Municipal Council|
|• Total||30.63 km2 (11.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,630 m (5,350 ft)|
|• Rank||4th in State|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Sex ratio||913 ♀/♂|
|Distance from Srinagar||25 kilometres (16 mi)|
Pulwama is located at  It has an average elevation of 1,630 m (5,350 ft)..
Yearly average rainfall of the city is 505.3 mm. Maximum temperature here reaches up to 37°C and minimum temperature goes down to -6°C
Pulwama also receives annual snowfall as other districts but it"s minimum.
According to 2011 Census of India, Pulwama had a population of 18,440 of which 10,070 are males while 8,370 are females. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 3,167 which is 17.17% of total population of Pulwama. Female Sex Ratio is of 831 against state average of 889. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Pulwama is around 718 compared to Jammu and Kashmir state average of 862. Literacy rate of Pulwama city is 91.18% higher than state average of 67.16%.
Majority of the population follows Islam, which consist of 94.59% of total population of town. Other minority religions are Hindu 4.63%, Sikh 0.34%, Christianity 0.17%, Buddhism 0.02% and Jains are 0.01%. 0.24% people not stated their religion.
- Jasbir Singh (2004). The economy of Jammu & Kashmir. Radha Krishan Anand & Co. ISBN 9788188256099. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatapora, Dalipora.
- Parvéz Dewân (2004). Parvéz Dewân's Jammû, Kashmîr, and Ladâkh: Kashmîr. Manas Publications. ISBN 9788170491798. Retrieved 2 December 2010.
The original name of Pulwama city(from which the district takes its name) was Panwangam. Over the centuries it got shortened to Pulgam. This in turn gradually changed to Pulwama.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Pulwama
- "Pulwama Population Census 2011 - 2019". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 17 February 2019.