Progress Party (Iran)

Progress Party or Party for Progress (Persian: حزب ترقی‎, romanizedḤezb-e taraqqi) was a fascist[4] political party in Iran led by Abdolhossein Teymourtash, described as the "spurious" party of government and functioning as a "vehicle for executing royal intentions" of Reza Shah.[2]

Progress Party
LeaderAbdolhossein Teymourtash
FoundedSeptember 1927[1]
Dissolvedlate 1932[2]
Preceded byNew Iran Party[3]
IdeologyFascism
Monarchism
Secularism

Modeled after Mussolini's National Fascist Party and Atatürk's Republican People's Party,[3] it subscribed ideas similar to the short-lived New Iran Party.[2]

With the fall of Abdolhossein Teymourtash in late 1932, the party soon melted away[2] and was outlawed on the grounds that it harbors republican sentiments.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Atabaki, Touraj; Zurcher, Erik (2004). Men of Order: Authoritarian Modernization Under Atatürk and Reza Shah. I.B.Tauris. p. 85. ISBN 9781860644269.
  2. ^ a b c d Azimi, Fakhreddin (2008). Quest for Democracy in Iran: A Century of Struggle Against Authoritarian Rule. Harvard University Press. pp. 75–76. ISBN 0674027787.
  3. ^ a b c Abrahamian, Ervand (1982). Iran Between Two Revolutions. Princeton University Press. pp. 138–139. ISBN 0-691-10134-5.
  4. ^ Atabaki, Touraj; Zurcher, Erik (2004). Men of Order: Authoritarian Modernization Under Atatürk and Reza Shah. I.B.Tauris. p. 68. ISBN 9781860644269.