Prime Minister of Laos

The prime minister of the Lao People's Democratic Republic is the head of government of Laos. It is the highest office within the Central Government.

Prime Minister of the Lao People's Democratic Republic
ນາຍົກລັດຖະມົນຕີ ແຫ່ງ ສປປ ລາວ
Président du Conseil des ministres du Laos
Emblem of Laos.svg
Thongloun Sisoulith with Obamas cropped.jpg
Incumbent
Thongloun Sisoulith

since 20 April 2016
NominatorPresident
AppointerNational Assembly
Term lengthFive years
Inaugural holderPrince Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
Formation21 August 1941

PowersEdit

Throughout its history the office of Prime Minister has been responsible, at least in theory but not always in practice, for handling Laos's internal policies. Since Laos is a one-party state with the Lao People's Revolutionary Party being the sole party allowed by the constitution, all the prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic have been members of the party while holding office.

The current prime minister is Thongloun Sisoulith, since 20 April 2016. He is second-ranked in the Political Bureau (Politburo).

The prime minister is elected by the proposal of the president of Laos to the National Assembly and is responsible to the National Assembly, which elects all ministers to government. Activity reports by the prime minister must be given to the National Assembly, while the Standing Committee of the National Assembly supervises the activities of the Central Government and the prime minister. Finally, the deputies of the National Assembly have the right to question the prime minister and other members of government.

OfficeEdit

The Office of the Prime Minister of the People's Democratic Republic traces its lineage back to Kaysone Phomvihane, the first prime minister of the People's Democratic Republic. The predecessor office to the prime minister of the People's Democratic Republic was the prime minister of the former Kingdom of Laos. There have been 7 prime ministers of the People's Democratic Republic, but there have been 17 prime ministers of Laos if the prime ministers of the Kingdom of Laos are counted.

KeyEdit

Political parties
Other factions

List of prime ministersEdit

No. Prime Minister Term of office Political party Head of state
(Reign/Tenure)
Portrait Name
(Lifespan)
Took office Left office Time in office
Kingdom of Laos
1   Prince
Phetsarath Ratanavongsa

ເຈົ້າເພັດຊະຣາດ ຣັຕນະວົງສາ
(1890–1959)[a]
21 August
1941[1]
10 October
1945
4 years, 50 days Non-partisan  
King
Sisavang Vong
(1904–1945)
  Phaya Khammao
ພະຍາ ຄຳມ້າວ
(1911–1984)
Chairman of the Provisional Government[b]
12 October
1945
23 April
1946
193 days Lao Issara  
Prince
Phetsarath Ratanavongsa
(1945–1946)
2   Prince
Kindavong

ເຈົ້າກິນດາວົງສ໌
(1900–1951)
23 April
1946
15 March
1947
326 days Non-partisan  
King
Sisavang Vong
(1946–1959)
3   Prince
Souvannarath

ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະຣາດ
(1893–1960)
15 March
1947
25 March
1948
1 year, 10 days Non-partisan
4   Prince
Boun Oum

ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ
(1912–1980)
25 March
1948
24 February
1950
1 year, 305 days Non-partisan
5   Phoui Sananikone
ຜຸຍ ຊະນະນິກອນ
(1903–1983)
24 February
1950
15 October
1951
1 year, 233 days Independent Party
6   Crown Prince
Sisavang Vatthana

ເຈົ້າສີສະຫວ່າງວັດທະນາ
(1907–1978/1984)
15 October
1951
21 November
1951
37 days Non-partisan
7   Prince
Souvanna Phouma

ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະພູມາ
(1901–1984)
21 November
1951
25 October
1954
2 years, 338 days National Progressive Party
8   Katay Don Sasorith
ກະຕ່າຍ ໂດນສະໂສລິດ
(1904–1959)
25 October
1954
21 March
1956
1 year, 148 days National Progressive Party
(7)   Prince
Souvanna Phouma

ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະພູມາ
(1901–1984)
21 March
1956
17 August
1958
2 years, 149 days National Progressive Party
(5)   Phoui Sananikone
ຜຸຍ ຊະນະນິກອນ
(1903–1983)
17 August
1958
31 December
1959
1 year, 136 days Lao People's Rally
 
King
Sisavang Vatthana
(1959–1975)
  General
Sounthone Pathammavong

ສູນທອນ ປະຖຳມະວົງ
(1911–1985)
Army Chief of Staff
31 December
1959
7 January
1960
7 days Committee for the Defence of National Interests /
FAR (ARL)
9   Kou Abhay
ກຸ ອະໄພ
(1892–1964)
7 January
1960
3 June
1960
148 days Non-partisan
10   Prince
Somsanith Vongkotrattana

ເຈົ້າສົມສະນິດ ວົງກົຕຣັຕນະ
(1913–1975)
3 June
1960
15 August
1960
73 days Committee for the Defence of National Interests
(7)   Prince
Souvanna Phouma

ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະພູມາ
(1901–1984)[c]
30 August
1960
13 December
1960
105 days Lao People's Rally
  Quinim Pholsena
ກວີນິມ ພົລເສນາ
(1915–1963)
(not recognized)
11 December
1960
13 December
1960
2 days Peace and Neutrality Party
(4)   Prince
Boun Oum

ບຸນອຸ້ມ ນະ ຈຳປາສັກ
(1912–1980)
13 December
1960
23 June
1962
1 year, 192 days Non-partisan
(7)   Prince
Souvanna Phouma

ເຈົ້າສຸວັນນະພູມາ
(1901–1984)
23 June
1962
2 December
1975
13 years, 162 days Lao Neutralist Party
Lao People's Democratic Republic
11   Kaysone Phomvihane
ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ
(1920–1992)
8 December
1975
15 August
1991
15 years, 250 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party  
President
Prince
Souphanouvong

(1975–1991)
 
Acting President
Phoumi Vongvichit
(1986–1991)
12   Khamtai Siphandon
ຄຳໄຕ ສີພັນດອນ
(born 1924)
15 August
1991
24 February
1998
6 years, 193 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party  
President
Kaysone Phomvihane
(1991–1992)
 
President
Nouhak Phoumsavanh
(1992–1998)
13   Sisavath Keobounphanh
ສີສະຫວາດ ແກ້ວບຸນພັນ
(1928–2020)
24 February
1998
27 March
2001
3 years, 31 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party  
President
Khamtai Siphandon
(1998–2006)
14   Bounnhang Vorachith
ບຸນຍັງ ວໍລະຈິດ
(born 1937)
27 March
2001
8 June
2006
5 years, 73 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
15   Bouasone Bouphavanh
ບົວສອນ ບຸບຜາວັນ
(born 1954)
8 June
2006
23 December
2010
4 years, 198 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party  
President
Choummaly Sayasone
(2006–2016)
16   Thongsing Thammavong
ທອງສິງ ທຳມະວົງ
(born 1944)
23 December
2010
20 April
2016
5 years, 119 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party
17   Thongloun Sisoulith
ທອງລຸນ ສີສຸລິດ
(born 1946)
20 April
2016
Incumbent 4 years, 274 days Lao People's Revolutionary Party  
President
Bounnhang Vorachit
(2016–)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Under a Japanese puppet state after 8 April 1945. Proclaimed Head of State by Lao Issara on 12 October 1945.
  2. ^ Until 25 October 1949 in exile in Bangkok, Thailand.
  3. ^ From 9 December 1960 in exile in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

TriviaEdit

Between December 1959 to December 1960, the Kingdom of Laos had six different prime ministers, who were ousted by six successive political coups.[2]

Living former prime ministersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Evans, Grant (2002). A Short history of Laos, the land in between (PDF). Allen & Unwin.
  2. ^ http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/four-climate-change-positions-in-one-day-20110309-1bnu3.html