The Utah Portal
Utah ( YOO-tah, YOO-taw) is a state in the western United States. It is bordered by Colorado to the east, Wyoming to the northeast, Idaho to the north, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. It also touches a corner of New Mexico in the southeast. Of the fifty U.S. states, Utah is the 13th-largest by area, and with a population over three million, the 30th-most-populous and 11th-least-densely populated. Urban development is mostly concentrated in two areas: the Wasatch Front in the north-central part of the state, which is home to roughly two-thirds of the population, and Washington County in the south, with more than 170,000 residents. Most of the western half of Utah lies in the Great Basin.
The territory of modern Utah has been inhabited by various indigenous groups for thousands of years, including the ancient Puebloans, the Navajo, and the Ute. The Spanish were the first Europeans to arrive in the mid-16th century, though the region's difficult geography and climate made it a peripheral part of New Spain and later Mexico. Even while it was part of Mexico, many of Utah's earliest settlers were American, particularly Mormons fleeing marginalization and persecution from the United States. Following the Mexican-American War, it became part of the Utah Territory, which included what is now Colorado and Nevada. Disputes between the dominant Mormon community and the federal government delayed Utah's admission as a state; only after the outlawing of polygamy was it admitted as the 45th, in 1896.
A little more than half of all Utahns are Mormons, the vast majority of whom are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), which has its world headquarters in Salt Lake City. Utah is the only state where most of the population belongs to a single church. The LDS Church greatly influences Utahn culture, politics, and daily life, though since the 1990s the state has become more religiously diverse as well as secular. (Full article...)
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Kolob Canyons from the end of Kolob Canyons Road. Stream erosion has incised the Kolob Plateau to form canyons that expose the red-orange colored Navajo Sandstone and other formations.
The geology of the Zion and Kolob canyons area includes nine known exposed formations, all visible in Zion National Park in the U.S. state of Utah. Together, these formations represent about 150 million years of mostly Mesozoic-aged sedimentation in that part of North America. Part of a super-sequence of rock units called the Grand Staircase, the formations exposed in the Zion and Kolob area were deposited in several different environments that range from the warm shallow seas of the Kaibab and Moenkopi formations, streams and lakes of the Chinle, Moenave, and Kayenta formations to the large deserts of the Navajo and Temple Cap formations and dry near shore environments of the Carmel Formation.
Subsequent uplift of the Colorado Plateau
slowly raised these formations much higher than where they were deposited. This steepened the stream gradient
of the ancestral rivers and other streams on the plateau
. The faster-moving streams took advantage of uplift-created joints in the rocks to remove all Cenozoic
-aged formations and cut gorges into the plateaus. Zion Canyon was cut by the North Fork of the Virgin River
in this way. Lava
flows and cinder cones
covered parts of the area during the later part of this process. (Full article...
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The Utah Jazz are an American professional basketball team based in Salt Lake City. The Jazz compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member of the league's Western Conference, Northwest Division. Since 1991, the team has played its home games at Vivint Smart Home Arena. The franchise began play as an expansion team in 1974 as the New Orleans Jazz (as a tribute to New Orleans' history of originating Jazz music). The Jazz moved to Salt Lake City in 1979.
The Jazz were one of the least successful teams in the league in their early years. Although 10 seasons elapsed before the Jazz qualified for their first playoff
appearance in 1984
, they did not miss the playoffs again until 2004. During the late 1980s, John Stockton
and Karl Malone
arose as the franchise players for the team, and formed one of the most famed point guard
duos in NBA history. Led by coach Jerry Sloan
, who took over from Frank Layden
in 1988, they became one of the powerhouse teams of the 1990s, culminating in two NBA Finals
appearances in 1997
, where they lost both times to the Chicago Bulls
, led by Michael Jordan
. (Full article...
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The following are images from various Utah-related articles on Wikipedia.
Utah population density map
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico, Britannica 7th edition
The Scott Matheson Courthouse is the seat of the Utah Supreme Court.
One out of every 14 flash memory chips in the world is produced in Lehi, Utah.
The Utah Jazz playing against the Houston Rockets
Map showing Utah in 1838 when it was part of Mexico. From Britannica 7th edition.
Mining has been a large industry in Utah since it was first settled. The Bingham Canyon Mine in Salt Lake County is one of the largest open pit mines in the world.
Children reading in Santa Clara, Utah, in 1940
The Wasatch Front region has seen large growth and development despite the economic downturn. Shown is the City Creek Center project, a development in downtown Salt Lake City with a price tag of $1.5–2.5 billion.
The boundaries of the provisional State of Deseret—as proposed in 1849—are shown with a dotted line. The Utah Territory as organized in 1850, is shown in blue with black outline.
A sketch of Salt Lake City in 1860
- Nickname: The Beehive State
- Capital and largest city: Salt Lake City
- Total area: 219,887 km2 (84,899 sq mi)
- Population (2010 Census): 2,736,424
- Date admitted to the Union: January 4, 1896
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Coordinates: 39°18′N 111°36′W / 39.3°N 111.6°W