is the fourth most populous city in California
and the 14th most populous city
in the United States
, with a 2007 estimated population of 764,976. One of the most densely populated
major cities in the US, San Francisco is part of the much larger San Francisco Bay Area
, which is home to approximately 7.2 million people. The city is located on the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula
, with the Pacific Ocean
to the west, San Francisco Bay
to the east, and the Golden Gate
to the north.
In 1776, the Spanish settled the tip of the peninsula, establishing a fort at the Golden Gate and a mission named for Francis of Assisi. The California Gold Rush in 1848 propelled the city into a period of rapid growth. After being devastated by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt.
San Francisco is a popular international tourist destination renowned for its steep rolling hills, an eclectic mix of Victorian and modern architecture, and famous landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, Alcatraz Island, the cable cars, Coit Tower, and Chinatown. The city is also known for its diverse, cosmopolitan population, including large and long-established Asian American and LGBT communities. While the climate includes chilly summer fog, the winters are mild.
Jacobus Franciscus "Jim" Thorpe
(Sac and Fox (Sauk) from Oklahoma
) (May 28, 1888 – March 28, 1953) was an American
athlete. Considered one of the most versatile athletes in modern sports
, he won Olympic
gold medals in the pentathlon
, played American football
collegiately and professionally, and also played professional baseball
. He subsequently lost his Olympic titles when it was found he was paid for playing two seasons of minor league baseball before competing in the games (thus violating the amateur status
Thorpe was of mixed Native American and white ancestry. He was raised as a Sac and Fox, and named Wa-Tho-Huk, roughly translated as "Bright Path". He struggled with racism throughout much of his life and his accomplishments were publicized with headlines describing him as a "Redskin" and "Indian athlete". He also played on several All-American Indian teams throughout his career and barnstormed as a professional basketball player with a team composed entirely of Native Americans.
Thorpe was named the greatest athlete of the first half of the twentieth century by the Associated Press (AP) in 1950, and ranked third on the AP list of athletes of the century in 1999. After his professional sports career ended, Thorpe lived in abject poverty. He worked several odd jobs, struggled with alcoholism, and lived out the last years of his life in failing health. In 1983, thirty years after his death, his medals were restored.