Portal:Military history of Germany

  (Redirected from Portal:Military of Germany)

Welcome to the Military of Germany portal

2june 2007 188b.jpg

Introduction

While German-speaking people have a long history, Germany as a nation state dates only from 1871. Earlier periods are subject to definition debates. The Franks, for instance, comprised a union of Germanic tribes; nevertheless, some descendants of the Franks later identified themselves as Dutch, Flemish, French and again others as Germans. The capital of the medieval ruler Charlemagne's empire, the city of Aachen, lies in present-day Germany, yet he was a Frank. Though France takes its name from the Franks, the Dutch and Flemish people are the only ones to speak a language that descends directly from Frankish (the language of the Franks). Hence nearly all continental Western European historians can claim Charlemagne's victories as their heritage. The Holy Roman Empire he founded c.  800 was largely - but far from entirely - German-speaking. The Kingdom of Prussia, which unified Germany in the 19th century, had significant territory in what is now Poland. In the early 19th century, the philosopher Schlegel referred to Germany as a Kulturnation - a nation of shared culture and political disunity, analogous to ancient Greece. Until the unification of 1871, Austria was considered a part of Germany - even though much of its empire never formed part of the Holy Roman Empire and was non-German in language and in ethnicity.

Selected article

Admiral Scheer docked in Gibraltar in 1936

Admiral Scheer was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II. The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland. She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven in June 1931 and completed by November 1934. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff) by the Reichsmarine, in February 1940 the Germans reclassified the remaining two ships of this class as heavy cruisers.

The ship was nominally under the 10,000 long tons (10,000 t) limitation on warship size imposed by the Treaty of Versailles, though with a full load displacement of 15,180 long tons (15,420 t), she significantly exceeded it. Armed with six 28 cm (11 in) guns in two triple gun turrets, Admiral Scheer and her sisters were designed to outgun any cruiser fast enough to catch them. Their top speed of 28 kn (52 km/h; 32 mph) left only a handful of ships in the Anglo-French navies able to catch them and powerful enough to sink them.

Admiral Scheer saw heavy service with the German Navy, including a deployment to Spain during the Spanish Civil War, where she bombarded the port of Almería. Her first operation during World War II was a commerce raiding operation into the southern Atlantic Ocean; she also made a brief foray into the Indian Ocean. During the operation, she sank 113,223 GRT of shipping, making her the most successful capital ship surface raider of the war. Following her return to Germany, she was deployed to northern Norway to interdict shipping to the Soviet Union. She was part of the abortive attack on Convoy PQ-17 and conducted Operation Wunderland, a sortie into the Kara Sea. After returning to Germany at the end of 1942, the ship served as a training ship until the end of 1944, when she was used to support ground operations against the Soviet Army. She was sunk by British bombers on 9 April 1945 and partially scrapped; the remainder of the wreck lies buried beneath a quay. (Read more)

Selected biography

Portrait while in Prussian service, by Karl Wilhelm Wach

Carl Philipp Gottfried (or Gottlieb) von Clausewitz (/ˈklzəvɪts/; 1 June 1780 – 16 November 1831) was a Prussian general and military theorist who stressed the "moral" (meaning, in modern terms, psychological) and political aspects of war. His most notable work, Vom Kriege (On War), was unfinished at his death. Clausewitz was a realist in many different senses and, while in some respects a romantic, also drew heavily on the rationalist ideas of the European Enlightenment.

Clausewitz's thinking is often described as Hegelian because of his dialectical method; but, although he was probably personally acquainted with Hegel, there remains debate as to whether or not Clausewitz was in fact influenced by him. He stressed the dialectical interaction of diverse factors, noting how unexpected developments unfolding under the "fog of war" (i.e., in the face of incomplete, dubious, and often completely erroneous information and high levels of fear, doubt, and excitement) call for rapid decisions by alert commanders. He saw history as a vital check on erudite abstractions that did not accord with experience. In contrast to the early work of Antoine-Henri Jomini, he argued that war could not be quantified or reduced to mapwork, geometry, and graphs. Clausewitz had many aphorisms, of which the most famous is "War is the continuation of politics by other means."

(Read more...)

Selected picture

Bundeswehr in Afghanistan, August 2011.jpg
Bundeswehr in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan (August 2011)

Did you know?

Grabmal für Albin Köbis und Max Reichpietsch

Categories

Fangschnur Fahnenbegleitung.png

To display all subcategories click on the "►":
Military history of Germany(56 C, 67 P)
Wars involving Germany(26 C, 27 P)
Battles in Bavaria(31 P)
Battles in Hesse(16 P)
Battles in Saarland(2 P)
Battles in Saxony(20 P)
Battles in Thuringia(10 P)
Battles involving Germany(8 C, 17 P, 1 F)
Military of Bavaria(4 C, 13 P)
Military history of Berlin(1 C, 7 P)
Military of East Germany(8 C, 31 P)
Forts in Germany(2 C, 22 P)
Freikorps(3 C, 7 P)
German War Graves Commission(6 C, 28 P)
Military of Hamburg(2 P)
Invasions by Germany(3 C, 16 P)
King's German Legion(39 P)
Military of Württemberg(2 C, 5 P)
Naval history of Germany(8 C, 46 P)
Military of Nazi Germany(5 C, 21 P)
German military occupations(12 C, 29 P)
Peace treaties of Germany(1 C, 10 P)
Military history of Prussia(3 C, 19 P)
Military of Prussia(9 C, 13 P)
Military of Saxony(2 C, 5 P)
German war crimes(3 C, 3 P, 1 F)
German Empire in World War I(12 C, 67 P, 28 F)

WikiProjects

Things to do

Attention needed
...to referencing and citation  • ...to coverage and accuracy  • ...to structure  • ...to grammar  • ...to supporting materials 
Popular pages
Full list
Cleanup needed
U-boatRudolf Schmundt
Requested articles
Bombardment of SamogneuxLothar ErdmanEduard Graf PaarKarl Graf von Kirchbach auf LauterbachAdolf Freiherr von Rhemen zu BarenfelsKarl Graf HuynErnst KabischKarl KritekKüstenfischkutterLichterfelde barracksDanubian WarsWilhelm von FaupelOtto ProgramSamuel Freiherr von HazaiLeague for Combat PolicyMichel PastauRoehm's AvengersJosef Ritter Roth von Limanowa-LapanówHugo Martiny von MalastówMartin PoppelOperation MittelmeerOperation RichardHelmuth VolkmannMilitary history of PrussiaDuke Franz Albrecht of Saxony-LauenburgErnst Albrecht Freiherr von EbersteinJoachim Rüdiger Freiherr von der GoltzJeremias von ChauvetPrince Heinrich VI of Reuss-PlauenGeorg Benedikt Freiherr von OgilvyChristoph August Graf von WackerbarthErich GerhardWilhelm Magnus von BrünneckeWarlimont memorandum2nd Brandenburg Field Artillery Regiment No. 18Johann-Georg DoraFriedrich von SchollOtto von MarchtalerKarl-Heinz WagnerKlaus-Dieter BaumgartenFritz Peter (general)Guido von Usedom (admiral)
Expansion needed
Wilhelm HeyeOperation SchamilWalter HeitzMichael KitzelmannMartin BeckerBattle of TrutnovSecond Battle of LangensalzaBattle of JicinBattle of BezzeccaOperation ArcheryBattle of ÅndalsnesFeldpostRichard RuoffWalter WeißOtto Christoph von SparrAlexander von SpaenFriedrich Wilhelm von GrumbkowDubislav Gneomar von NatzmerWilhelm Dietrich von BuddenbrockHans von LehwaldtKarl Eberhard Herwarth von BittenfeldReich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern TerritoriesBattle of ZeelandBattle of MaastrichtBattle of RynBattle of Pruszcz Gdański1st UbootgeschwaderUlrich von Colermore...
Images needed
1940–44 insurgency in ChechnyaAir attack on the fortress of KoepenickHans-Peter von KirchbachHarald WustJürgen Brandt
Merging needed
Add an article here!
Citations needed
Adriatic Campaign of World War IIJagdgeschwader 52Battle of the Sea of AzovBattle of Marquain
Translation needed
de:Hans Georg Schmidt von Altenstadt

Quality Content

Featured topics

Battlecruisers of Germany

Featured articles

Albert KesselringAlbert SpeerAxis naval activity in Australian watersBattle of Arras (1917)Battle of AusterlitzBattle of BicoccaBattle of BlenheimBattle of CeresoleBattle of DürensteinBattle of GreeceBattle of MoscowBattle of RamilliesBattle of SchellenbergBattle of Verrières RidgeBattle of Villers-BocageBattle of Vimy RidgeBayern-class battleshipBert TrautmannBlack Friday (1945)Cologne WarDerfflinger-class battlecruiserErnest Augustus I of HanoverErnst LindemannFalaise pocketFinnish Civil WarFrederick III, German EmperorHelgoland-class battleshipHelmut LentHermann DetznerIG Farben BuildingInner German borderItalian War of 1521-1526Italian War of 1542-1546Johann von KlenauKaiser-class battleshipKönig-class battleshipMauthausen-Gusen concentration campMoltke-class battlecruiserNassau-class battleshipOmaha BeachOperation BrevityOperation CharnwoodOperation CobraOperation EpsomOperation PerchOperation TeardropOperation TractableOperation UranusOperation VarsityPanzer IPigeon photographyRheinmetall 120 mm gunSMS Baden (1915)SMS Bayern (1915)SMS BlücherSMS DerfflingerSMS Friedrich der Grosse (1911)SMS GoebenSMS Grosser Kurfürst (1913)SMS HelgolandSMS HindenburgSMS KönigSMS Kronprinz (1914)SMS LützowSMS MarkgrafSMS Moltke (1910)SMS RheinlandSMS SeydlitzSMS Von der TannSMS WestfalenSM U-66Second Ostend RaidTAM (tank)Ulm CampaignUnification of GermanyWalter ModelWar of the Bavarian SuccessionWar of the Fifth CoalitionWar of the League of Cambrai

Featured lists

List of Commando raids on the Atlantic wallList of German World War II jet acesList of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipientsList of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the KriegsmarineList of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross recipients of the U-boat serviceList of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1940-1941)List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1942)List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1943)List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1944)List of Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves recipients (1945)List of armored cruisers of GermanyList of battlecruisers of GermanyList of battleships of GermanyList of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

A-Class articles

Action of 28 January 1945Arado E.381Design A-150 battleshipBattle of AachenBattle of Bita PakaBombardment of PapeeteCold WarDeutschland-class battleshipEgmont Prinz zur Lippe-WeißenfeldGerman battleship TirpitzHeinrich Prinz zu Sayn-WittgensteinHermann FegeleinHeuschrecke 10Juno BeachKaunas FortressLe Paradis massacreMax-Hellmuth OstermannMoro River CampaignOperation FreshmanOperation LüttichOperation PostmasterOperation TotalizeOperation WindsorOperation Winter StormOrder of Saint HubertOrganization of the Luftwaffe (1933-1945)SMS Deutschland (1904)SMS HannoverSMS Kaiser (1911)SMS KaiserinSMS Kurfürst Friedrich WilhelmSMS NassauSMS OstfrieslandSMS PosenSM U-68Sd.Kfz. 10Second Battle of KharkovWalter NowotnyWehrmacht forces for the Ardennes OffensiveWolfgang Lüth

Good topics

Armored cruisers of GermanyBattleships of Austria-HungaryBattleships of GermanyGerman Type IXA submarinesGerman Type U 66 submarinesGerman Type UB I submarinesPrinz Adalbert-class armored cruisersRoon-class armored cruisersScharnhorst-class armored cruisersU-1-class submarines (Austria-Hungary)U-3-class submarinesU-5-class submarinesU-20-class submarinesU-27-class submarines (Austria-Hungary)U-43-class submarines (Austria-Hungary)

Good articles

1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania1st Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom)28 cm SK L/40 gun30.5 cm SK L/50 gunAction off LofotenAdlertagAdmiral Hipper-class cruiserAdolf EichmannAdolf GallandAdolf HitlerAgnes von Mansfeld-EislebenAmon GöthAuschwitz concentration campBattle of Amiens (1918)Battle of ArnhemBattle of Bautzen (1945)Battle of BelgiumBattle of Dover Strait (1916)Battle of Fort Eben-EmaelBattle of GrunwaldBattle of Hill 70Battle of Lanzerath RidgeBattle of Merville Gun BatteryBattle of MessinesBattle of Mont SorrelBattle of NgomanoBattle of RomaniBattle of San MarinoBattle of SchliengenBattle of Sedan (1940)Battle of VauchampsBattle of WaterlooBattle of the Heligoland Bight (1939)Battle of the NetherlandsBattle of the Strait of Otranto (1917)Battle off TexelBismarck-class battleshipBlack BrunswickersBrandenburg-class battleshipBraunschweig-class battleshipBrummer-class cruiserCharles FryattChristmas truceConvoy FaithCöln-class cruiserDeath of Adolf HitlerDornier Do 17Dunkirk evacuationEinsatzgruppenEmil Lang (fighter ace)Erich von MansteinErsatz Yorck-class battlecruiserÉtienne Marie Antoine Champion de NansoutyFirst Ostend RaidFranz von HipperFriedrich FoertschFriedrich GeißhardtFriedrich Wilhelm, Fürst zu Hohenlohe-KirchbergGebhard Truchsess von WaldburgGerman Type IXA submarineGerman Type UB I submarineGerman Type U 66 submarineGerman U-boat bases in occupied NorwayGerman aircraft carrier I (1915)German aircraft carrier I (1942)German attacks on NauruGerman battleship BismarckGerman battleship GneisenauGerman battleship ScharnhorstGerman cruiser Admiral Graf SpeeGerman cruiser Admiral HipperGerman cruiser Admiral ScheerGerman cruiser BlücherGerman cruiser DeutschlandGerman cruiser Lützow (1939)German cruiser Prinz EugenGerman cruiser SeydlitzGeman destroyer Z8 Bruno HeinemannGeman destroyer Z9 Wolfgang ZenkerGeman destroyer Z11 Bernd von ArnimGerman involvement in the Spanish Civil WarGerman submarine U-27 (1936)German submarine U-28 (1936)German submarine U-30 (1936)German submarine U-36 (1936)German submarine U-37 (1938)German submarine U-38 (1938)German submarine U-39 (1938)German submarine U-40 (1938)German submarine U-41 (1939)German submarine U-42 (1939)German submarine U-43 (1939)German submarine U-44 (1939)German submarine U-47 (1938)German submarine U-64 (1939)German submarine U-104 (1940)German submarine U-105 (1940)German submarine U-111 (1940)German submarine U-162 (1941)German submarine U-255German submarine U-853German submarine U-2336Gold BeachGreater Germanic ReichGünther SpechtH-class battleship proposalsHeinkel He 111Heinrich HimmlerHermann GöringHigh Seas FleetHindu-German ConspiracyJRM ZmajJade-class aircraft carrierJoachim HelbigJohann Jakob von WunschJosef MengeleJoseph GoebbelsJunkers Ju 87Kaiser Friedrich III-class battleshipKristallnachtKurt WelterL 20 α-class battleshipLiberation of ArnhemMackensen-class battlecruiserMadagascar PlanMartin BormannNazi GermanyNormandy landingsOdin-class coastal defense shipOperation AquatintOperation BodenplatteOperation DeadstickOperation DonnerkeilOperation DoomsdayOperation IskraOperation OverlordOperation PaulaOperation SlapstickOskar SchindlerOtto KittelPanzer 35(t)Preussen-class ironcladPrinz Adalbert-class cruiserPrussian uprisingsReinhard HeydrichReinhard ScheerReinhold von WernerRommelspargelRudolf HessRudyard Kipling (ship)Schindler's ListSchutzstaffelSMS ArminiusSMS BrandenburgSMS BraunschweigSMS BremseSMS BrummerSMS Deutschland (1874)SMS Dresden (1917)SMS ElsassSMS Friedrich CarlSMS Friedrich Carl (1867)SMS Friedrich der Grosse (1874)SMS Fürst Bismarck (1897)SMS GneisenauSMS Grosser Kurfürst (1875)SMS Hansa (1872)SMS HelaSMS HessenSMS Kaiser (1874)SMS Kaiser BarbarossaSMS Kaiser Friedrich IIISMS Kaiser Karl der GrosseSMS Kaiser Wilhelm IISMS Kaiser Wilhelm der GrosseSMS Kronprinz (1867)SMS König AlbertSMS König WilhelmSMS LothringenSMS MecklenburgSMS PommernSMS Preussen (1873)SMS Preussen (1903)SMS Prinz Adalbert (1865)SMS Prinz Adalbert (1901)SMS Prinz HeinrichSMS Prinzregent LuitpoldSMS RadetzkySMS RoonSMS SchlesienSMS Schleswig-HolsteinSMS SchwabenSMS ThüringenSMS WeissenburgSMS WettinSMS WittelsbachSMS WörthSMS YorckSMS ZähringenSM U-1 (Austria-Hungary)SM U-3 (Austria-Hungary)SM U-4 (Austria-Hungary)SM U-10 (Austria-Hungary)SM U-11 (Austria-Hungary)SM U-67SM U-69SM U-70SM UB-2SM UB-3SM UB-4SM UB-5SM UB-6SM UB-7SM UB-8SM UB-9SM UB-11SM UB-12SM UB-13SM UB-17SM UB-42SM UB-44SM UB-46SM UB-47SM UB-50Sachsen-class ironcladScharnhorst-class battleshipScharnhorst-class cruiserScuttling of the German fleet in Scapa FlowSd.Kfz. 8Sd.Kfz. 9Second Battle of PasschendaeleSiegfried-class coastal defense shipSt Nazaire RaidSwabian WarTallinn OffensiveTartu OffensiveThe Hardest DayTiger IIU-43-class submarine (Austria-Hungary)U-52-class submarineUtah BeachWalter OesauWalter OhmsenWannsee ConferenceWittelsbach-class battleshipWorld War IIZyklon B

Related portals

Wikimedia

Portals

Purge server cache