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A section of the Gortyn law code inscription, from the 5th century BCE.
An epikleros (ἐπίκληρος; plural epikleroi) was an heiress in ancient Athens and other ancient Greek city states, specifically a daughter of a man who had no male heirs. In Sparta, they were called patrouchoi (πατροῦχοι), as they were in Gortyn. Athenian women were not allowed to hold property in their own name; in order to keep her father's property in the family, an epikleros was required to marry her father's nearest male relative. Even if a woman was already married, evidence suggests that she was required to divorce her spouse to marry that relative. Spartan women were allowed to hold property in their own right, and so Spartan heiresses were subject to less restrictive rules. Evidence from other city-states is more fragmentary, mainly coming from the city-states of Gortyn and Rhegium.
wrote about epikleroi
in his Laws
, offering idealized laws to govern their marriages. In mythology and history, a number of Greek women appear to have been epikleroi
, including Agariste of Sicyon
, the widow of the Spartan king Agis IV
. The status of epikleroi
has often been used to explain the numbers of sons-in-law who inherited from their fathers-in-law in Greek mythology
. The Third Sacred War
originated in a dispute over epikleroi
. Read more...
The following are images from various Greece-related articles on Wikipedia.
Protest against the junta by Greek political exiles in Germany, 1967
The I Battalion of the Army of National Defence marches on its way to the front, 1916. Greece joined united with the Allies side in summer 1917.
Organization and military bases of the Communist led "Democratic Army", as well as entry routes to Greece.
Greece's cities, main towns, main rivers, islands and selected archaeological sites.
The ancient theatre of Epidaurus continues to be used for staging ancient Greek plays.
Traditional flag used from 1769 to the War of Independence
Traditional Greek taverna, integral part of Greek culture and cuisine.
The Battle of Navarino, on October 1827, marked the effective end of Ottoman rule in Greece.
Traditional styled houses in Nafplio
View of the Roman Odeon of Patras
The landing of Greek troops in Kavala during the Balkan Wars
Alexander the Great also known as Alexander III, king of Macedon, was one of the most successful military commanders in history.
George I was King of the Hellenes from 1862 to 1913
A page from a 16th-century edition of the 10th century Byzantine encyclopaedia of the ancient Mediterranean world, the Suda.
Mycenaean Greece, c. 1400–1100 BC.
Shards of pottery vases on the street, after being thrown from the windows of nearby houses. A Holy Saturday tradition in Corfu.
Map of earthquakes in Greece and adjacent countries 1900-2017
The most famous artist born in Greece was probably Doménikos Theotokópoulos, better known as El Greco (The Greek) in Spain. He did most of his painting there during the late 1500s and early 1600s.
Did you know?
- ...that the Greeks were the first to develop an alphabet with vowels?
- ...that the Greco-Buddhist art is an artistic manifestation of Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed in Central Asia after the conquests of Alexander the Great?
- ...that the Rio–Antirrio bridge between the Peloponnese and mainland Greece is the longest cable stayed-suspended deck in Europe?
- ...that the country's highest mountain, Mount Olympus was said to be the home of the Greek Gods in ancient Greek religion?
- ...that the Olympic Games, originated in Greece 3000 years ago, and that the 1st games of the modern Olympics were held in Greece in 1896, as a revival of the Games?
- ...that the Greek state comprises only the centre of the ancient Greek world, which comprised also Southern Italy, the coastal areas of modern Turkey and the Black Sea, as well as some colonies in North Africa, Southern France and Spain?
- ...that even though the modern Greek state was established in 1832, some areas of Greece were not liberated until after the Balkan Wars?
||1896 Summer Olympics, Alcibiades, Archimedes, Aspasia, Attalus I, Basiliscus, Battle of Dyrrhachium (1081), Battle of Greece, Byzantine Empire, Byzantine navy, Cleomenean War, Corinthian War, Cretan War (205–200 BC), Demosthenes, Diocletian, El Greco, Epaminondas, Euclidean algorithm, George I of Greece, Greece runestones, Greek mythology, Hippocrates, Manuel I Komnenos, Macedonia (terminology), Orion (mythology), Pericles, Philitas of Cos, Problem of Apollonius, Stamata Revithi, Rhodes blood libel, Slavery in ancient Greece, The Battle of Alexander at Issus, The Penelopiad, Theramenes, Thrasybulus
||Battle of Artemisium, Battle of Thermopylae, Battle of Kalavrye, Battle of Marathon, Battle of Salamis, Byzantine civil war of 1341–47, Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, First Macedonian War, John Kourkouas, Yannis Makriyannis, Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria, Vikos–Aoös National Park
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Literature and philosophy
In Greece, from ancient times down to the present, has been produced countless world-famous poetry in addition to philosophers like Socrates, Plato and Aristotle and historians like Herodotus and Thucydides. Notable figures of modern Greek literature include Odysseas Elytis and Constantine Cavafy.
Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures, for so were the counsels of Zeus fulfilled from the day on which the son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles, first fell out with one another.
Greek art began in the Cycladic and Minoan prehistorical civilization. The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures. During the Renaissance , the humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists.Read more...
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Ancient Greek wikipedia
Pontic Greek wikipedia
A short video of the main sites at the ancient sanctuary of Delphi
in Central Greece
. Delphi was considered to be the center of the world by the Greeks and the most important oracle in the Greek world.