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( Arizona ; ARR-iz- OH-nə Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo Navajo pronunciation: ; [hoː˥zto˩ ha˩hoː˩tso˩] O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the 6th largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
Arizona is the 48th state and last of the
contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912. Historically part of the territory of in Alta California New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.
Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the internationally known Grand Canyon National Park, which is one of the world's seven natural wonders, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.
Since the 1950s, Arizona's population and economy have grown dramatically because of migration into the state, and now the state is a major hub of the
Sun Belt. Cities such as Phoenix and Tucson have developed large, sprawling suburban areas. Many large companies, such as PetSmart and CircleK, have headquarters in the state, and Arizona is home to major universities, including the University of Arizona and Arizona State University. Traditionally, the state is politically known for national conservative figures such as Barry Goldwater and John McCain, though it voted Democratic in the 2020 presidential and senatorial elections. ( )
Selected article -
( Flagstaff ; FLAG-staf Navajo: Kinłání Dookʼoʼoosłííd Biyaagi, Navajo pronunciation: ) is a city in, and the [kʰɪ̀nɬɑ́nɪ́ tòːkʼòʔòːsɬít pɪ̀jɑ̀ːkɪ̀] county seat of, Coconino County in northern Arizona, in the southwestern United States. In 2019, the city's estimated population was 75,038. Flagstaff's combined metropolitan area has an estimated population of 139,097.
Flagstaff lies near the southwestern edge of the
and within the
San Francisco volcanic field
, along the western side of the largest contiguous
forest in the continental United States. The city sits at around 7,000 feet (2,100 m) and is next to
, just south of the
San Francisco Peaks
, the highest mountain range in the state of Arizona.
, the highest point in Arizona at 12,633 feet (3,851 m), is about 10 miles (16 km) north of Flagstaff in
Kachina Peaks Wilderness
. The geology of the Flagstaff area includes exposed rock from the
red sandstone having once been quarried in the city; many of the historic downtown buildings were constructed with it. The
Rio de Flag
river runs through the city. (
Selected picture - Did you know -
...that holiday mail seeking a Christmas postmark continued to be sent to , two decades after the town's post office had closed? Christmas, Arizona
You are invited to participate in WikiProject Arizona, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Arizona. Parent project Main project Related projects
Selected biography -
(; born December 25, 1950) is an American Edward G. Hochuli attorney and retired American football official. He has served as an attorney at Jones, Skelton & Hochuli, P.L.C. since 1983, and was an official in the National Football League (NFL) from 1990 to 2017; his uniform number was 85. Prior to his officiating career, he played college football for four seasons at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP).
Hochuli worked numerous
games, including two
. He is best known for his athletic/muscular
(height: 6 feet 3 inches (1.91 m); weight: 230 pounds (100 kg)), and for explaining on-field rulings in a manner that is comprehensive yet also clear and concise. In a
in 2008, Hochuli tied fellow referee
for "best referee" votes (eight each) among NFL
. In his 28th season in the league and 26th as a referee (crew chief) with the
2017 NFL season
, Hochuli's officiating crew consisted of umpire Shawn Smith, down judge Greg Bradley, line judge Rusty Baynes, field judge Dale Shaw, side judge Alex Kemp, and back judge Scott Helverson. (
Images of Arizona
The following are images from various Arizona-related articles on Wikipedia.
Depression-era migrant workers, Pinal County, 1937
Extent of the Spanish language in the state of Arizona
Saguaro cactus flowers and buds after a wet winter. This is Arizona's official state flower.
La conquista del Colorado, by Augusto Ferrer-Dalmau, depicts Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's 1540–1542 expedition
A spring training game between the Cubs and White Sox at
Major airfields in Arizona during World War II.
The Gadsden Purchase (shown with present-day state boundaries and cities)
Party registration by county:
Democrat >= 30% Democrat >= 40% Democrat >= 50% Republican >= 30% Republican >= 40%
The South Rim of the Grand Canyon
View of Monument Valley from
John Ford's Point
Cathedral Rock near Red Rock Crossing in
Arizona Territory in 1866
Harvey House hotel opened in 1905 overlooking the South Rim of the Grand Canyon; it remains in operation as the El Tovar Hotel.
Inspiration Copper Company smelter at Miami, Arizona, c. 1915
Signing of Arizona statehood bill in 1912
Geronimo (far right) and his Apache warriors fought against both Mexican and American settlers.
This ornate grain basket by Akimel O'odham dates from the early 20th century, showing the Native American dimension to the state's culture
A population density map of Arizona
1903 editorial cartoon by
Bob Satterfield, depicting Arizona and New Mexico as crazed gunfighters intent on gaining access to the " E pluribus unum tavern".
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Topics State facts
Nickname: The Grand Canyon State
Capital and largest city: Phoenix
Governor: Doug Ducey ( R)
Total area: 295,254 km 2 (113,998 sq mi)
Population (2009 estimate): 6,595,778
Date admitted to the Union: February 14, 1912
Senators: Kyrsten Sinema ( D), Martha McSally (R) Representatives: Tom O'Halleran (D), Ann Kirkpatrick (D), Raúl Grijalva (D), Paul Gosar (R), Andy Biggs (R), David Schweikert (R), Ruben Gallego (D), Debbie Lesko (R), Greg Stanton (D)
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