Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts

The Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts is a dicastery of the Roman Curia. Its work "consists mainly in interpreting the laws of the Church". (Pastor Bonus, 154).[1] It is distinct from the highest tribunal or court in the Church, which is the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, and does not have law-making authority to the degree the Pope and the Holy See's tribunals do. Its charge is the interpretation of existing canon laws, and it works closely with the Signatura and the other Tribunals and the Pope. Like the Signatura and the other two final appellate Tribunals, the Roman Rota and the Apostolic Penitentiary, it is led by a prefect who is a bishop or archbishop.

The current President of the Pontifical Council is Archbishop Filippo Iannone,[2] the current Secretary is Bishop Juan Ignacio Arrieta Ochoa de Chinchetru.[3]

History and field of competenceEdit

On 14 May 1904, Pope Pius X created the Commission for the Codification of Canon Law. It produced the 1917 Code of Canon Law, promulgated by Pope Benedict XV on 27 May 1917 to take effect on 19 May 1918.[4]

Pope Benedict then established the Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law on 5 September 1917.[5] On 28 March 1963, Pope John XXIII replaced it with the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law, a revision called for by the Second Vatican Council. On 11 July 1967, Pope Paul VI established the Pontifical Commission for Interpretation of the Decrees of the Second Vatican Council and, two years later, extended its mandate to the interpretation of the documents issued by the Holy See to implement those decrees.

After promulgating a new version of the Code of Canon Law in January 1983, Pope John Paul II erected the Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law once again on 2 January 1984. Its competence included with the universal laws for the Latin Rite within its purview. This Commission replaced those set up by his two predecessors. On 28 June 1988, the body was given its present name and its jurisdiction in the apostolic constitution Pastor Bonus.[6]

On 18 October 1990, its competence was extended to interpreting the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches and the laws shared in common by the Eastern Catholic Churches.

PresidentsEdit

Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts

SecretariesEdit

Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Commission for Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law
Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Two self-published websites provide inconsistent data for the succession to this office between 1930 and 1936, either self-contradictory or in conflict with official sources.[7][8] A third appears the most reliable.[9] The idea that Sincero became president in 1930 is contradicted by both Gasparri's identification as president at his death 1934 in the AAS necrology[10] and the fact that Sincero was named a member of this Commission on 3 December 1930[11] The only date not documented by AAS is that of Serafini's appointment.
  2. ^ Felici was also named President of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Decrees of the Second Vatican Council. The creation of that body and his presidency appeared in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis undated in November 1967.[22]
  3. ^ In 1962, Bigador was secretary of the Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments.[37] He was also teaching canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University when named secretary to the Commission for Revisions in 1965.[38] He served as the Commission's spokesperson when changes to the procedures for annulments were announced in June 1971.[39]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Pastor Bonus, - John Paul II - Apostolic Constitution". Libreria Editrice Vaticana. 28 June 1988. Articles 154–8. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  2. ^ Gagliarducci, Andrea (11 April 2018). "Analysis: Who is the Pope's new canon law expert?". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 27 October 2018.
  3. ^ a b c "Rinunce e Nomine, 15.02.2007" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 15 February 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  4. ^ Coughlin, John J. (2011). Canon Law: A Comparative Study with Anglo-American Legal Theory. Oxford University Press. p. 35. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
  5. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). IX. 1917. pp. 483–4. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  6. ^ "Pontificio Consiglio per i Testi Legislativi" (in Italian). The Holy See. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Serafini, Giulio". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  8. ^ "Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  9. ^ "Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts". GCatholic. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  10. ^ a b Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXVI. 1934. p. 648. Retrieved 23 June 2020. Preside della Commissione pontificia per l'interpretazione autentica del Codice di diritto canonico...
  11. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXIII. 1931. p. 28. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  12. ^ a b Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). IX. 1917. p. 558. Retrieved 23 June 2020. Commissione Pontificia per la Interpretazione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico, nominandone Presidente
  13. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXVII. 1935. p. 29. Retrieved 23 June 2020. Presidente della Commissione Pontificia per la Interpretazione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  14. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXVIII. 1936. p. 120. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  15. ^ Lentz III, Harris M. (2015). Popes and Cardinals of the 20th Century: A Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. p. 177. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  16. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXX. 1938. p. 276. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  17. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXXI. 1939. p. 138. Retrieved 22 June 2020. Presidente della Commissione Pontificia per la Interpretazione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  18. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXXVIII. 1946. pp. 328–9. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  19. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XLVII. 1955. p. 427. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Presidente della Commissione Pontificia per la Interpreta- zione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  20. ^ a b c d Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LV. 1963. pp. 363–4. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  21. ^ Lentz III, Harris M. (2015). Popes and Cardinals of the 20th Century: A Biographical Dictionary. McFarland. p. 45. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  22. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LIX. 1967. p. 1003. Retrieved 26 June 2020. Pontificia Commissione per l'Interpretazione dei Decreti del Concilio Vaticano II
  23. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LIX. 1967. p. 382. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Pro-Presidente della Pontificia Commissione per la revisione del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  24. ^ "Cardinal Felici, Noted Expert on Church Law for Vatican". New York Times. Associated Press. 23 March 1982. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  25. ^ a b Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXIV. 1982. p. 748. Retrieved 26 June 2020. Pro-Presidente della Pontificia Commissione per la Revisione del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  26. ^ a b c Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXVI. 1984. p. 342. Retrieved 26 June 2020. Pro-Presidente della Pontificia Commissione per l'Interpretazione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  27. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXXII. 1990. p. 120. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  28. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXXIII. 1991. p. 112. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  29. ^ a b c d Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXXXVII. 1995. p. 120. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  30. ^ a b Allen Jr., John L. (16 February 2007). "Opus Dei down to one top Vatican official; Benedict's ties to Communion and Liberation deepen". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  31. ^ a b "Resignations and Appointments, 07.04.2018" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2018.
  32. ^ "Pope Gives Two Red Hats". New York Times. May 26, 1923. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  33. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). XXXVIII. 1946. p. 140. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Segretario della Commissione Pontificia per Interpretazione autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  34. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LIII. 1961. p. 575. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  35. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LIV. 1962. p. 413. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Segretario della Pontificia Commissione per Interpretazione Autentica del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  36. ^ a b Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXVII. 1975. p. 268. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Segretario della Pontificia Commissione per la Revisione del Codice di Diritto Canonico
  37. ^ Hebblethwaite, Peter (2010). John XXIII: Pope of the Century. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 275. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  38. ^ Beyer, Jean; Feliciani, Giorgio; Müller, Hubert, eds. (1990). Comunione ecclesiale e strutture di corresponsabilità: dal Vaticano II al nuovo Codice di diritto canonico (in Italian). Editrice Pontificia Università Gregoriana. p. 12. Retrieved 20 June 2020.
  39. ^ "Vatican Revises Annulment Rules". New York Times. Retrieved 21 June 2020.
  40. ^ Acta Apostolicae Sedis (PDF). LXVII. 1975. p. 160. Retrieved 20 June 2020. Segretario della Pontificia Commissione per la Revisione del Codice di Diritto Canonico

External linksEdit