Polytechnic School of the University of São Paulo
The Escola Politécnica of the University of São Paulo (or the Engineering School of the University of São Paulo, Portuguese: Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo) (usually called Poli, Poli-USP or EPUSP) is an engineering school at the University of São Paulo (USP) in São Paulo, Brazil.
Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo
"Poli's Biênio building"
It was founded in 1893 - before the creation of USP itself - and was the first engineering school in the state of São Paulo. Its original name was "Escola Politécnica de São Paulo". It was incorporated by USP in 1934. Its students are known as "politécnicos".
Since many graduates from the Escola Politécnica have, throughout Brazilian history, occupied positions with public exposure and/or business and industry leadership, including ten mayors of São Paulo and six state governors, it has a reputation of "training leaders". The Escola Politécnica is part of the University of São Paulo, widely regarded as one of the best higher education institutions in Latin America, but has acquired a reputation in its own right, having its civil, electrical, mechanical, and chemical engineering courses ranked as the best in the country in 2014.
Internationally, along with the other engineering schools of USP (São Carlos School of Engineering and Lorena School of Engineering), the Escola Politécnica was ranked among the top 100 engineering schools worldwide by Academic Ranking of World Universities. Its computer science, chemical, civil, electrical/electronic and mechanical engineering departments were also ranked in the top 100 worldwide in the QS World University Rankings. The school offers numerous double-degree and open exchange programs for its students, celebrating in 2015 its 1,000th double diploma between USP and its partner universities.
Admission for undergraduates takes place annually, along with all other courses in the USP, through an exam called "vestibular" held by an institution named FUVEST (University Foundation for the Vestibular). The Escola Politécnica selects only 870 students out of 13,500 applicants, making it the largest engineering admittance exam in Brazil and also one of the most competitive. Students who have begun their engineering degree elsewhere in Brazil can also transfer to the Escola Politécnica if they pass a specific examination.
The school also admits international undergraduate students from partner universities through a separate admission process. These students can apply either for open exchanges or a double degree, in which case they receive a degree from University of São Paulo as well.
A separate process exists for master and doctoral courses.
The Escola Politécnica is regarded as having the most complete engineering program in Latin America. It offers 17 courses for undergraduate students besides 10 master and 9 doctorate tracks. It offers courses in the following fields:
- Civil Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Control Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Power Engineering
- Electronic Engineering
- Telecommunications Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Mechatronics Engineering
- Naval Architecture
- Production Engineering
- Materials Engineering
- Mining Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Metallurgic Engineering
The Escola Politécnica has established numerous exchange programs for its undergraduate students to promote their international mobility. It was the first institution outside Europe to belong to the TIME (Top Industrial Managers for Europe) network, promoting exchange programs and double degrees with several other institutions, of which Technische Universität Darmstadt, Technische Universität München, École centrale Paris, Politecnico di Milano, Politecnico di Torino. It has also a double degree program with the École Polytechnique. An average of 70 students receive a double degree from Poli and a partner institution every year, which constitutes around 10% of its student body.
Due to historical reasons and the closer links between University of São Paulo and European universities, most of the partnerships are with European institutions, especially in Germany and France. In this sense, Poli-USP has signed agreements with universities belonging to the prestigious TU9 German Institutes of Technology, Groupe des Écoles Centrales and ParisTech. However, it has also signed student exchange agreements with Asian, North and South American universities.
The following universities are partners of Poli-USP in student exchange programs:
- Université du Québec à Trois – Rivières
- Arts et Métiers ParisTech
- CentraleSupélec - former École Centrale Paris and École Supérieure d'Électricité (Supélec)
- Chimie ParisTech
- Ecole Européenne d’Ingénieurs en Génie des Matériaux
- École Centrale de Lille
- École Centrale de Marseille
- École Centrale de Nantes
- École Centrale de Lyon
- École nationale supérieure de chimie de Lille
- École nationale supérieure de chimie de Montpellier
- ENSTA ParisTech
- École Spéciale des Travaux Publics
- École nationale supérieure des mines de Saint-Étienne
- Grenoble INP
- École supérieure d'optique
- Mines ParisTech
- Mines Nancy
- Télécom ParisTech
- Université de Technologie de Compiègne
- Université de Toulon
- Technische Universität Darmstadt
- Technische Universität München
- Technische Universität Berlin
- Universität Stuttgart
- Universität Duisburg-Essen
- Universität der Bundeswehr
- Leibniz Universität Hannover
- Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research
- Universität Bremen
- Politecnico di Milano
- Politecnico di Torino
- Università degli Studi di Padova
- Università degli Studi di Palermo
- University of Trento
- Sapienza University of Rome
- Universidad de Jaen
- Universidad de Navarra
- Universidad de Zaragoza
- Universidad Politecnica de Madrid
- Universidad Politecnica de Valencia
The Escola Politécnica has the largest budget among Brazilian engineering schools. Its 2013 annual budget, supplied by the state of São Paulo and distributed by the university's administration was R$204.118.235,96 (~US$85.000.000).
The School receives investments from private companies as well, which currently have more than 300 agreements and contracts with the institution. One of the most well-known partnerships is with PACE, which comprises General Motors, HP, Siemens PLM Software, Autodesk and Oracle. The PACE program also sponsors universities like MIT and Virginia Tech, providing high-level CAD/CAE software.
In 2011, a group of alumni created the Escola Politécnica Endowment, with the goal to gather additional resources from alumni and companies - a pioneer in Brazilian universities. In 2014, the Endowment merged with another alumni fund, called Amigos da Poli, forming a R$6.1 million fund dedicated to finance student projects.
The Escola Politécnica is part of the Cidade Universitária, located in the city of São Paulo. The School has a constructed area of 151,500 square meters (~1,631,000 sq. ft.), being the largest among all other units in the university. It has 103 laboratories, which are part of 15 departments for teaching and research.
As of Sep/2014, the School had 4,520 undergraduate students, 841 students seeking a master's degree and 733 students seeking a PhD degree.
- Patinho Feio, the first minicomputer designed and manufactured entirely in Brazil with POLI professors and students
- Evolução do Quadro de Docentes por Categoria
- Evolução do número de Alunos Regulares de Graduação, por Unidade
- Evolução do número de Alunos de Pós-Graduação cadastrados por Unidade
- "RUF: Ranking das Universidades do Brasil | Folha".
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences - 2014".
- "QS World University Rankings by Subject".
- Manual da Fuvest Archived 2010-11-21 at the Wayback Machine
- http://www.poli.usp.br/pt/a-poli/perfil.html. Missing or empty
- "Execução Orçamentária por Unidade, em 2013" (PDF). Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "P&D Poli - Empresas". Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- PACE - Partners for the Advancement of Collaborative Engineering Education
- "Endowment da Escola Politécnica - Apresentação". Retrieved 19 September 2014.
- "Fundos patrimoniais da Poli anunciam fusão – USP – Universidade de São Paulo".
- "Poli em números". Retrieved 19 September 2014.