Phraortes

Phraortes was the second shah and ruled Medes for 28 year despite looming threat from Assurbanipal and Esarhaddon in the east to the some numerous hostile kassite tribes and Indo-Aryan Invader beyond East of the Zagros Mountain Range. His reign ushered a period of lax military but stable economy and education for everyone.

Phraortes
Second Shah
Shahanshah
Reign675 BCE - 653 BCE
PredecessorDeioces
SuccessorCyaxares
Born701 BCE
Ecbatana
Died653 BCE
Battle of the Seymareh
ConsortAmestris
IssueCyaxares the Great
HouseDeiocids
FatherDeioces
MotherParmys (Deioces’s Wife)
ReligionZoroastrianism

DownfallEdit

Like his father Deioces, Phraortes started wars against Assyria, but was defeated and killed by Ashurbanipal, the king of the Neo-Assyrian Empire (668 – c. 627 BC).

SourcesEdit

All information about him is from Herodotus. According to him (1.102), Phraortes was the son of Deioces and united all Median tribes into a single state. He also subjugated the Persians and Parthians while still a vassal of the Assyrian kings Esarhaddon and Ashurbanipal, and began to conquer other nations of Ancient Iran. After a rule of twenty-two years (c. 675 – c. 653 BC), he fell in battle against the Assyrians, who reasserted their subjugation of the Medes, Persians and Parthians. However, some scholars assume that he ruled for fifty-three years, c. 678 – c. 625. Phraortes is commonly identified with Kashtariti, a chieftain in Media, although some scholars consider such an identification doubtful. He was later succeeded by his son Cyaxares.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Medvedskaya, I. (20 Jul 2004). "PHRAORTES". Encyclopædia Iranica. Retrieved 18 Dec 2012.

External linksEdit

Phraortes
 Died: c. 653 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Deioces
King of Media
c. 675 BC – c. 653 BC
Succeeded by
Madius