Philipp Krementz

Philipp Krementz (1 December 1819 – 6 May 1899) was a German Catholic bishop, created Cardinal in 1893.

His Eminence

Philipp Krementz
Cardinal, Archbishop of Cologne
Kardinal Krementz Köln JS.jpg
ChurchRoman Catholic
Installed15 December 1885
Term ended6 May 1899
PredecessorPaul Melchers
SuccessorHubert Theophil Simar
Other postsCardinal-Priest of San Crisogono
Ordination27 August 1842
Consecration3 May 1868
Created cardinal16 January 1893
by Leo XIII
Personal details
Born(1819-12-01)December 1, 1819
Koblenz Germany
DiedMay 6, 1899(1899-05-06) (aged 79)
Cologne Germany
BuriedCologne Cathedral
Previous postBishop of Warmia (1867-1885)
Coat of armsPhilipp Krementz's coat of arms

Philipp Krementz was born, the son of a butcher, in Koblenz in 1837 and began to study theology in Bonn, which he continued in Munich in 1839. After his ordination on 27 August 1842 in Koblenz, he worked as a chaplain. In 1846 he worked as a religion teacher at the Knight's Academy in Bedburg. In January 1848 he became pastor of St. Castor in Koblenz and 1853 Dean of the Deanery in Koblenz.

On 21 June 1859 he was appointed an honorary canon of Trier Cathedral, which he refused. In 1864 and 1867 he was on the list of candidates for the episcopal elections in Cologne and Trier.

The chapter of Frombork cathedral elected Krementz, who was favored by the Queen of Prussia and whom he knew personally, as Bishop of Warmia on 22 October 1867. He was enthroned on 24 May 1868. He was consecrated bishop by the archbishop of Cologne Paul Melchers on 3 May. In 1868, he received an honorary citizen of his home town of Koblenz.

He participated in the First Vatican Council of 1869. He left Rome with 54 other bishops before the end of the Council. Therefore, he did not take part in the solemn vote of 18 July 1870. However, he leaned the Council decisions and preached the infallibility dogma in his diocese. In 1872, he excommunicated five clergy from his diocese who were against the infallibility of the Pope, which led to a conflict with the Prussian state. The conflict ended on 25 September 1872.

In March 1885, the Vatican and the Prussian State agreed on the replacement of the vacant chair of the Archbishop of Cologne. Pope Leo XIII appointed Krementz as the new Archbishop of Cologne on 30 July 1885. He was installed on December 15. In 1886, he became chairman of the German Bishops' Conference in Fulda. On 16 January 1893, he was elevated to cardinal. He was assigned the titular church of San Crisogono.

At the end of his life, the archbishop was completely mentally shattered and could be dissuaded with difficulty by a belief that the world would end by the year 1950. Philipp Krementz died on 6 May 1899 in Cologne and was buried in the crypt of Cologne Cathedral.


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Joseph Ambrosius Geritz
Bishop of Ermland
Succeeded by
Andreas Thiel
Preceded by
Paul Melchers
Archbishop of Cologne
Succeeded by
Hubert Theophil Simar
Chairman of the Fulda Conference of Bishops
Succeeded by
Georg Kopp

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