The Philadelphia Bell was a franchise in the World Football League, which operated in 1974 and a portion of a season in 1975. The Bell played their home games in 1974 at JFK Stadium in South Philadelphia. The team logo was a representation of the Liberty Bell. In 1975 the team decided to stop playing at JFK and moved its games to Franklin Field.
|Based in||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania|
|Home field||JFK Stadium (1974)|
Franklin Field (1975)
|Head coach||Ron Waller (1974)|
Willie Wood (1975)
|Owner(s)||John B. Kelly Jr.|
|League||World Football League|
|Colours||Blue & Gold|
The Bell was one of just two WFL teams that maintained the same ownership in both 1974 and 1975 (the other being Canadian millionaire John Bassett's Memphis Southmen). The group was headed by John B. Kelly Jr., a respected business and sportsman in Philadelphia and part of the well-known Kelly family, which included his sister Grace Kelly, movie star-turned-Princess of Monaco. The major money contributor behind the ownership group was John Bosacco, who came forward during the first season and took over the operations of the franchise. Bosacco believed that the WFL could survive as a league and he was instrumental in the removal of Gary Davidson as commissioner following the 1974 season. Ron Waller was hired as head coach in 1974; he was replaced during training camp at Glassboro State University in 1975 by future NFL Hall of Famer Willie Wood.
At first the team seemed to be the WFL's most popular, announcing a crowd of 55,534 for the home opener, followed by a whopping 64,719 for the second home game (for comparison's sake, the cross-town Eagles averaged 60,030 fans for seven home dates that year). However, when the Bell paid city taxes on the attendance figures two weeks later, it emerged that they had inflated the gate on a scale unprecedented in professional sports. They sold block tickets to several area businesses at a discount, and the tax revenue was not reported. In turn, many of these businesses gave away the tickets for free. The actual paid attendance for the home opener was only 13,855, and for the second game just 6,200 -- and many of those tickets were sold well below face value. The "Papergate" scandal, as it was dubbed by the press, made the Bell and the WFL look foolish, and proved to be a humiliation from which neither recovered. The club hit rock bottom on October 16, when only 750 fans found their way to JFK for a Wednesday night game in a torrential downpour.
1974 and 1975 seasonsEdit
The Bell had a losing season in 1974, finishing 9–11, one game behind the Charlotte Hornets for the final playoff spot. (The Bell were actually 8–11 on the field, but picked up a forfeit win when the dissolving Chicago franchise refused to fly to Philadelphia for the season finale.) However, advance ticket sales for the Hornets' first-round game against the Florida Blazers in Orlando were so meager that the financially troubled Hornets (who had moved from New York City in mid-season) would not have come close to meeting their travel expenses. At the request of league officials, the Bell advanced in their place, and lost to the Blazers, 18-3.
Despite the Papergate fiasco, the Bell were reckoned as one of the WFL's stronger franchises, and at least had the potential to have been successful had the WFL been better run. Bosacco was one of only three owners, along with the Memphis Southmen's John F. Bassett and The Hawaiians' Sam Battisone, thought to be capable of fielding a team in 1975. Those three teams had also been the only ones to meet payroll every week of the season.
Even on TV, the Bell couldn't get any respect. On August 29, 1975, WTAF aired a sports doubleheader, featuring a Philadelphia Wings lacrosse match followed by the Bell's game against Southern California Sun in Anaheim. The football game was scheduled for 10:30pm EDT, but since the Wings game ran long, viewers missed the beginning. Bell fans would miss the end of the contest, too: WTAF abruptly cut the broadcast off with six minutes remaining in the fourth quarter, pleading a "prior commitment". The station then signed off for the night at 1:30am; the game (won by the Sun, 58-39) didn't end until 2:06am. (According to a Philadelphia Daily News story, "keeping the final six minutes of the game on TV could have cost the Bell an estimated $5,000 in telephone line charges," so the broadcast, which the club was evidently paying for, was cut off at the three-hour mark.)
The Bell had a record of 4–7 in 1975 at the time of the league's dissolution. Attendance remained anemic, with the team's best-attended game at Franklin Field drawing barely 5,000 fans. After only 1,293 fans attended the Bell's October 18 contest, both the team and the WFL folded for good.
Vince Papale, the inspiration for the 2006 film Invincible, played wide receiver for the Bell for two seasons prior to his three years with the Philadelphia Eagles. The Bell's starting quarterback was King Corcoran, who spent most of his career in the minor leagues due to his refusal to accept a backup quarterback position. Both Papale and Corcoran had recently played in the Seaboard Football League, the minor league that was active at the time in the area; Corcoran had played under Waller with the Pottstown Firebirds of the recently closed Atlantic Coast Football League.
Schedule and resultsEdit
|1||Wednesday||July 10, 1974||Portland Storm||W 33–8||55,534|
|2||Wednesday||July 17, 1974||at Houston Texans||L 0–11||26,227|
|3||Thursday||July 25, 1974||New York Stars||L 15–17||64,719|
|4||Wednesday||July 31, 1974||at Portland Storm||W 25–7||13,757|
|5||Wednesday||August 7, 1974||Memphis Southmen||W 46–15||12,396|
|6||Wednesday||August 14, 1974||at Chicago Fire||L 29–32||27,607|
|7||Wednesday||August 21, 1974||Southern California Sun||L 28–31||14,600|
|8||Wednesday||August 28, 1974||Detroit Wheels||W 27–23||15,100|
|9||Monday||September 2, 1974||at New York Stars||L 16–24||6,132|
|10||Thursday||September 5, 1974||at Jacksonville Sharks||L 30–34||17,851|
|11||Wednesday||September 11, 1974||Jacksonville Sharks||W 41–22||N/A|
|12||Wednesday||September 18, 1974||at Florida Blazers||L 21–24||10,417|
|13||Wednesday||September 25, 1974||at Hawaiians||W 21–16||14,497|
|14||Wednesday||October 2, 1974||Florida Blazers||L 7–30||7,150|
|15||Wednesday||October 9, 1974||Hawaiians||L 22–25||4,900|
|16||Wednesday||October 16, 1974||Shreveport Steamer||L 25–30||750|
|17||Wednesday||October 23, 1974||at Southern California Sun||W 45–7||N/A|
|18||Wednesday||October 30, 1974||Chicago Fire||W 37–31||12,500|
|19||Wednesday||November 6, 1974||at Birmingham Americans||L 23–26||22,963|
|20||Wednesday||November 13, 1974||Chicago Fire||W 2–0 (forfeit)||cancelled|
|Quarter-finals||Thursday||November 21, 1974||at Florida Blazers||L 3–18||9,712|
|1||Sunday||August 2, 1975||Hawaiians||W 21–15||3,266|
|2||Sunday||August 9, 1975||at Birmingham Vulcans||L 17–23||21,000|
|3||Sunday||August 16, 1975||at Shreveport Steamer||L 3–10||12,016|
|4||Sunday||August 23, 1975||Memphis Grizzlies||W 22–18||5,051|
|5||Saturday||August 29, 1975||at Southern California Sun||L 39–58||17,811|
|6||Saturday||September 6, 1975||at Charlotte Hornets||L 0–10||10,564|
|7||Saturday||September 13, 1975||Portland Thunder||L 10–25||4,710|
|8||Saturday||September 20, 1975||at Jacksonville Express||L 10–16||10,296|
|9||Saturday||October 4, 1975||San Antonio Wings||W 42–38||2,357|
|10||Saturday||October 11, 1975||at Hawaiians||L 13–14||10,789|
|11||Saturday||October 18, 1975||Charlotte Hornets||W 18–10||1,293|
- Goodtimes, Johnny (July 23, 2015). "The Philadelphia Bell, Papergate, and Possibly the Most Disastrous Pro League Ever". Retrieved 2016-10-04.
- "WFL Head Coach", Football Digest, August 1974 issue
- Marshall, Joe. World Bowl in crisis. Sports Illustrated, 1974-12-16.
- Vince Papale website
- # 83 Vince Papale of the Bell grabs a pass
- "1974 World Football League Game Results". Retrieved 2015-11-11.
- "1975 World Football League Results". Retrieved 2015-11-11.