Phalia (Urdu تحصیل پھالیہ ) is a city and headquarters of Phalia Tehsil of Mandi Bahauddin District, Punjab, Pakistan.


Phalia is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Location within Pakistan
Phalia is located in Pakistan
Phalia (Pakistan)
Coordinates: 32°26′N 73°35′E / 32.433°N 73.583°E / 32.433; 73.583Coordinates: 32°26′N 73°35′E / 32.433°N 73.583°E / 32.433; 73.583
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DistrictMandi Bahauddin
AdministratorBilal Feroz Joya AC
No. of Towns4
 • TypeUnion Council
 • Total52,855
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal code
Dialling code0546


Shrine of Shaikh Ali Baig

Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Jhelum in July 326 BC at the Battle of the Hydaspes River where he defeated the Indian king Porus.[2] According to Arrian (Anabasis, 29), he built a city on the spot whence he started to cross the river Hydaspes now Jhelum River, which he named Bukephala or Bucephala to honour his famous and loyal horse Bukephalus or Bucephalus.[citation needed] It is thought that ancient Bukephala was near the site of modern Jhelum City but that is wrong. Phalia was named after Bucephalus on the name of the Alexander's dead horse and presently a tehsil of Mandi Bahauddin District. The Alexander while forwarding from Taxila opted alternate way despite of using traditional route i.e. today's GT road and built two cities on opposite banks of the river Hydaspes en route between Bhera and Mong.

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. Jalalpur Sharif is located on west of the river Jhelum whereas Phalia on eastern bank in Mandi Bahauddin District close to river Jhelum earlier known as Hydaspes.[citation needed] A semi hill or mound i.e. the historical sign of the ancient city and a shrine still available in mid of the Mohalla Ameer. In 2010, maximum of the area reshaped into commercial land and precious heritage could not be preserved.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Bahawalnagar District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Bahawalnagar increased in population and importance.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalnagar District.

Phalia is approximately the same age as Lahore . The four subdivisions (Mohallas) are named for the forefathers of Tarar tribe:

  • Phalia Ameer for "Muhammad Ameer"
  • Phalia Keeman for "Muhammad Karim"
  • Phalia Boota for "Muhammad Boota" (also known as "Nawan Lok")
  • Phalia Mehman for "Muhammad Khan". .[3]

Geography and climate

Phalia City Entrance

Phalia is situated at 32.43 N latitude and 73.58 E longitude.[4] It is located between the main cities of Mandi Bahauddin and Gujrat, about 23 kilometres from Mandi Bahauddin and 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Gujrat and 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Malakwal and near about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Salam interchange on M-2 motorway, at an altitude of 672 feet (205 m) above sea level.

Phalia has a moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer, the day temperature rises up to 40 °C (104 °F). The winter months are mild and the minimum temperature may fall below −2 °C (28 °F) .[5] The average annual rainfall in the district is 50 millimetres (2.0 in).[6][7]

Schools and colleges


There are many other govt and private schools in Phalia.


  • Govt. Degree College for Girls, Phalia
  • Govt. Commerce College for Boys, Phalia
  • Govt. Peer Yaqoob Shah Degree College Phalia
  • Ghazali Group Of Colleges Punjab, Pakistan[8] The branches of Punjab College and Farabi College are also operating in Phalia.

AIOU Study Center

Health facilities

Health Medical facilities are on average available in the city. The main government hospital established in the city is THH (Tehsil Headquarters Hospital). There are several other private hospitals, Health center and Clinics at different locations within the city.

Phalia City

  • Population and religions

Phalia is not a big city, with about 20,000[citation needed] houses occupied by about 150,000[citation needed] people. Most of the population of the village are Muslim with some Christians.

  • Languages

Punjabi is the native language of the province and is the most widely spoken language in Phalia. Urdu has started to become more prominent in many areas now due to its official status as the national language.

  • Registered voters

The number of registered voters in the Constituency PP-117 (Mandi Bahuddin-II) Phalia is 134,119 .[9] among them almost half of them are of female voters.


After the abolition of Nazim system the Administrator of Phalia is Assistant Commissioner Bilal Feroz Joya 2016.

Notable people


  1. ^ "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: PUNJAB" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Phalia". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ [2][permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2012-08-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2012-05-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^