|Administrator||Bilal Feroz Joya AC|
|No. of Towns||4|
|• Type||Union Council|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Jhelum in July 326 BC at the Battle of the Hydaspes River where he defeated the Indian king Porus. According to Arrian (Anabasis, 29), he built a city on the spot whence he started to cross the river Hydaspes now Jhelum River, which he named Bukephala or Bucephala to honour his famous and loyal horse Bukephalus or Bucephalus. It is thought that ancient Bukephala was near the site of modern Jhelum City but that is wrong. Phalia was named after Bucephalus on the name of the Alexander's dead horse and presently a tehsil of Mandi Bahauddin District. The Alexander while forwarding from Taxila opted alternate way despite of using traditional route i.e. today's GT road and built two cities on opposite banks of the river Hydaspes en route between Bhera and Mong.
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. Jalalpur Sharif is located on west of the river Jhelum whereas Phalia on eastern bank in Mandi Bahauddin District close to river Jhelum earlier known as Hydaspes. A semi hill or mound i.e. the historical sign of the ancient city and a shrine still available in mid of the Mohalla Ameer. In 2010, maximum of the area reshaped into commercial land and precious heritage could not be preserved.
After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Bahawalnagar District. The Muslims faced severe restrictions during the Sikh rule. During the period of British rule, Bahawalnagar increased in population and importance.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Bahawalnagar District.
- Phalia Ameer for "Muhammad Ameer"
- Phalia Keeman for "Muhammad Karim"
- Phalia Boota for "Muhammad Boota" (also known as "Nawan Lok")
- Phalia Mehman for "Muhammad Khan". .
Geography and climate
Phalia is situated at 32.43 N latitude and 73.58 E longitude. It is located between the main cities of Mandi Bahauddin and Gujrat, about 23 kilometres from Mandi Bahauddin and 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Gujrat and 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Malakwal and near about 80 kilometres (50 mi) from Salam interchange on M-2 motorway, at an altitude of 672 feet (205 m) above sea level.
Phalia has a moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer, the day temperature rises up to 40 °C (104 °F). The winter months are mild and the minimum temperature may fall below −2 °C (28 °F) . The average annual rainfall in the district is 50 millimetres (2.0 in).
Schools and colleges
- THE EDUCATORS, Phalia Campus, A Project of Beaconhouse. Pioneer of student centered learning in the city.
- The Govt Pilot Secondary School Phalia, established in 1926 in Phalia.
- Govt. Islamia High School Phalia established in 1972 in Phalia.
- Government High School Pahrianwali, established at Pahrianwali - a famous city of Tehsil Phalia.
- Govt. High School for Girls, Phalia
- International Islamic University, Islamabad, Phalia Campus IIUI Schools, Phalia Campus to provide modern education from Playgroup to GCE O/A Levels.
- Air Foundation Schools, Phalia Campus
- Ghazali Model High Schools, Main Campus Phalia
- Pakistan Islamic Modern School (PIMS), Phalia
There are many other govt and private schools in Phalia.
- Govt. Degree College for Girls, Phalia
- Govt. Commerce College for Boys, Phalia
- Govt. Peer Yaqoob Shah Degree College Phalia
- Ghazali Group Of Colleges Punjab, Pakistan The branches of Punjab College and Farabi College are also operating in Phalia.
AIOU Study Center
Health Medical facilities are on average available in the city. The main government hospital established in the city is THH (Tehsil Headquarters Hospital). There are several other private hospitals, Health center and Clinics at different locations within the city.
- Population and religions
Punjabi is the native language of the province and is the most widely spoken language in Phalia. Urdu has started to become more prominent in many areas now due to its official status as the national language.
- Registered voters
The number of registered voters in the Constituency PP-117 (Mandi Bahuddin-II) Phalia is 134,119 . among them almost half of them are of female voters.
After the abolition of Nazim system the Administrator of Phalia is Assistant Commissioner Bilal Feroz Joya 2016.
- "DISTRICT AND TEHSIL LEVEL POPULATION SUMMARY WITH REGION BREAKUP: PUNJAB" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Phalia". World Gazetteer. Archived from the original on 2013-02-09. Retrieved 2007-10-28.
- [permanent dead link]
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2012-08-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-26. Retrieved 2012-05-26.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)