Perleberg is the capital of the district of Prignitz, located in the northwest of the German state of Brandenburg. The town received city rights in 1239[2] and today has about 12,000 inhabitants. Located in a mostly agricultural area, the town has a long history of troops being stationed here (most notably Prussian) and as an administrative center for local government.

Perleberg
Town hall and St. James's church
Town hall and St. James's church
Coat of arms of Perleberg
Coat of arms
Location of Perleberg within Prignitz district
Perleberg in PR.png
Perleberg is located in Germany
Perleberg
Perleberg
Perleberg is located in Brandenburg
Perleberg
Perleberg
Coordinates: 53°04′00″N 11°52′00″E / 53.06667°N 11.86667°E / 53.06667; 11.86667Coordinates: 53°04′00″N 11°52′00″E / 53.06667°N 11.86667°E / 53.06667; 11.86667
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictPrignitz
Subdivisions12 Ortsteile
Government
 • MayorAnnett Jura (Ind.)
Area
 • Total137.82 km2 (53.21 sq mi)
Elevation
31 m (102 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total12,141
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
19348
Dialling codes03876
Vehicle registrationPR
Websitewww.stadt-perleberg.de

GeographyEdit

 
16th century Roland statue

Perleberg is located in the heart of the district of Prignitz, about halfway between the two largest German cities Berlin and Hamburg.[3] It is surrounded by the municipalities Karstädt in the north-west, Gross Pankow (Prignitz) in the north-east, Plattenburg in the south-east; the Ämter Bad Wilsnack/Weisen in the south, Lenzen-Elbtalaue in the west; the town Wittenberge in the south-west.

The Stepenitz flows from northeast to southwest through Perleberg. The town's historic center is built on an island between two arms of the river.

HistoryEdit

One of the city's oldest buildings is St James's church. First mentioned in 1294,[4] it was frequently altered and extensively remodelled in the 1850s.[5] In German, it is called the Jakobikirche, and therefore sometimes mistakenly called St Jacob's in English.

In the 14th century the town was on its height as part of the Hanseatic League. In 1523 it was the muster-point for an army assembled by Elector Joachim I in support of his brother-in-law Christian II of Denmark's attempt to recover his throne. The Thirty Years' War caused serious damage to the town: of 3,500 inhabitants, only 300 survived.[2] The mayor responsible for rebuilding the city after this period was Georg Krusemarck.

On November 25, 1809, Benjamin Bathurst disappeared in Perleberg. Later accounts of the incident exaggerated the circumstances to such an extent that the disappearance is sometimes claimed to have been caused by paranormal phenomena.[6]

DemographyEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 10,311—    
1890 10,013−0.20%
1910 12,161+0.98%
1925 12,882+0.38%
1933 13,686+0.76%
1939 14,845+1.36%
1946 17,461+2.35%
1950 17,414−0.07%
1964 15,983−0.61%
1971 16,193+0.19%
1981 16,078−0.07%
1985 15,736−0.54%
1989 15,445−0.47%
1990 15,032−2.67%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 14,566−3.10%
1992 14,614+0.33%
1993 14,681+0.46%
1994 14,692+0.07%
1995 14,596−0.65%
1996 14,683+0.60%
1997 14,141−3.69%
1998 14,126−0.11%
1999 14,047−0.56%
2000 13,907−1.00%
2001 13,720−1.34%
2002 13,606−0.83%
2003 13,354−1.85%
2004 13,303−0.38%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 13,094−1.57%
2006 13,029−0.50%
2007 12,689−2.61%
2008 12,474−1.69%
2009 12,450−0.19%
2010 12,332−0.95%
2011 12,169−1.32%
2012 12,059−0.90%
2013 12,046−0.11%
2014 12,087+0.34%
2015 12,204+0.97%
2016 12,367+1.34%
2017 12,317−0.40%

PeopleEdit

 
Lotte Lehmann

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Geschichte". Official website of Perleberg (in German). Stadt Perleberg. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  3. ^ "Liebenswerte Stadt im Herzen der Prignitz". Official website of Perleberg (in German). Stadt Perleberg. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  4. ^ Höpfner, August. "Die St. Jacobykirche". Perleberger Reimchronik (in German). Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  5. ^ "St. Jacobi Kirche". kirchenkreis-prignitz.de (in German). Evangelischer Kirchenkreis Perleberg-Wittenberge. Retrieved 18 July 2011.
  6. ^ Dash, Mike (1990). "The Disappearance of Benjamin Bathurst" (PDF). Fortean Times (54). pp. 40–44. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-14. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Perleberg at Wikimedia Commons