Perkins Engines Company Limited, a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc, is primarily a diesel engine manufacturer for several markets including agricultural, construction, material handling, power generation and industrial. It was established in Peterborough, England, in 1932. Over the years Perkins has expanded its engine ranges and produces thousands of different engine specifications including diesel and petrol engines.

Perkins Engines Company Limited
Founded1932 (1932)
FounderFrank Perkins
HeadquartersEastfield, Peterborough, England
Area served
ProductsDiesel engines
Gas engines
ParentCaterpillar Inc.
Perkins headquarters in Peterborough


High-speed diesel enginesEdit

A 1935 Perkins diesel car engine (Autocar Handbook, 13th ed.)

F. Perkins Limited, established on 7 June 1932, was founded in Queen Street, Peterborough, to design and manufacture high-speed diesel engines[1] by Frank Perkins and Charles Wallace Chapman. Chapman was design engineer (technical director) and company secretary and had a ten percent shareholding. He was to remain with the business for more than a decade[2] before re-joining the Royal Navy Reserve[3] though remaining a consultant to the company. Frank Perkins obtained further initial support from directors Alan J M Richardson and George Dodds Perks.[2]

Before Chapman and Perkins the diesel engine was a heavy and slow revving workhorse, lacking performance. Chapman's concept was the high-speed diesel – an engine that could challenge gasoline as the primary motive power. The company’s first high-speed diesel engine was Perkins' four-cylinder Vixen, which made its debut in 1932: in October 1935 Perkins became the first company to hold six world diesel speed records for a variety of distances set at the Brooklands race track in Surrey. Sales were strong and by the time of World War II the company made two series of engines, P4 and P6. Soon after the war, the company went public,[1] and established a number of licensees for local manufacturing and sale.[4]


F. Perkins Ltd was purchased by its largest customer, Massey Ferguson, in 1959. Keeping its separate identity, the business continued under the name of Perkins Engines and in 1994 became a subsidiary of LucasVarity. Development continued and Perkins updated its engines to meet stricter emissions rules while developing new series for power generation and forklift trucks. Brands such as Dodge, Ford, Grosspal and Ranquel for all their diesel lines, fitted Perkins engines for more than two decades. Others like GEMA, Araus, Bernardin and Rotania used their impellers for harvesters at length.[5]

In mid-2010 Pertrak closed its motor production line, the history of the last independent factory - which does not belong to any automotive terminal - in the national territory is finished.

Argentina and Perkins Argentina/PertrakEdit

It was created in 1961, as licensee of Perkins Engines of England. His best moment was in the 1970s. He was dedicated to the manufacture of engines for pick ups, trucks and tractors. Currently there are more than 200,000 engines.


A supplier to Caterpillar Inc since the 1970s, Perkins was bought by Caterpillar in 1998 for US$1.325 billion, creating what they claimed was the world's largest diesel engine manufacturer. Perkins now has manufacturing facilities in the United Kingdom, United States, Brazil, China, India and a joint venture with Ishikawajima-Shibaura-Machinery company in Japan.

On 1 January 2009 Gwenne Henricks became President of Perkins Engines replacing Hans Haefeli,[6] after having worked in Caterpillar’s Electronics and Connected Worksite Division in North America. Henricks is also a vice-president of Caterpillar.[7]

Discontinued productsEdit

Various Perkins diesel engines have been made for industrial, agricultural, construction, material handling, marine and power generation markets, and Perkins Gas-based engines (Natural Gases, Landfill Gas, Digester Gas, Bio Gas, Mine Gas) are used for continuous power generation.

Perkins' 4.99 1.6 litre (99 cubic inch) and the P4C engine [192 cubic inch], producing 45 or 60 hp (45 kW), were popular in Europe and Israel for taxis and commercially driven cars during the 1950s and early 1960s; many cars, including American imports, were retrofitted with these engines for taxi use, with kits made by Hunter NV of Belgium. Perkins engines were also used as standard factory equipment in Jeeps and Dodge trucks in the United States in the 1960s. They also continued to be popular in European trucks from their original customer, Commer and other companies.[8]

The Perkins 6.354 medium duty engine was designed to be compact enough to replace petrol/gasoline V8 engines in trucks, despite its in-line six-cylinder design. Producing 112 horsepower (84 kW) in early years (later rising to 120 hp), it had a small jackshaft driven by the timing gears for the auxiliary drive, with the oil pump driven by a quill shaft so it could run auxiliary equipment at engine speed with simple couplings.

Perkins also used to manufacture engines for JCB, until in 2004[9] JCB manufactured their own engine again.


After acquiring Rolls-Royce Diesels of Shrewsbury in 1984, Perkins continued to supply British Rail with engines for its diesel multiple units. Perkins went on to purchase L Gardner & Sons in the summer of 1986 to complement their line of lighter diesel engines.[10][11]

Master DistributorsEdit

Global product support is provided by 4,000 distribution, parts and service centres.[12] In 2015, Perkins Engines Company consolidated its U.S. distribution from six to three master distributors.[13]

Perkins PacificEdit

Serving Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, Alaska, Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma and Texas. Has 5 full-service locations in Ridgefield, WA, Oklahoma City, OK, Surprise, AZ, Santa Fe Springs, CA, and Galt, CA.[14]

Clarke Powered SolutionsEdit

North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland (including Washington, District of Columbia), West Virginia, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Maine, Rhode Island, Connecticut and New York.[15]

Perkins Power CorpEdit

Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi and Arkansas in the U.S. Jamaica, Haiti, Trinidad & Tobago and Puerto Rico in the Caribbean Belize in Central America.[15]

Perkins Powered EquipmentEdit

Perkins engines are found in a wide range of machinery, including tractors, generators and industrial tools and machinery. While Perkins have customers in many sectors, the main consumer of their engines Caterpillar Inc, who are also the parent company. Caterpillar Inc have several divisions which consume the Perkins engines. The main two are the Caterpillar excavator and diesel generators via their subsidiary F G Wilson. Other main users of the Perkins engines are below, which are mostly water pumps and geenrators, the two main markets for the Perkins products. Perkins also have a division, Perkins Marine, which produces small engines for propulsion.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b F. PERKINS LIMITED (Incorporated under the Companies Act, 1929). The Times, 23 July 1951; pg. 9; Issue 52060
  2. ^ a b Z Yaakov Wise, Manchester Papers in Economic and Social History, Number 63, Manchester University, March 2008
  3. ^ Obituary, Mr C. W. Chapman. The Times, 3 December 1979; pg. 14; Issue 60490
  4. ^ "Perkins Heritage Timeline".
  5. ^ Dl, Esteban (11 January 2015). "Camión Argentino: Anexo: Especiales Perkins".
  6. ^ "Perkins Engines - Perkins Engines".
  7. ^ "Cat - Products & Services – North America - Caterpillar".
  8. ^ "Perkins diesel engines and the Perkins Ltd. company". Allpar. Retrieved 16 May 2008.
  9. ^ "JCB - Latest News". 31 March 2006. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. ^ Barden, Paul, ed. (June 1986). "Truckmonth: Perkins snaps up Gardner". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 31.
  11. ^ Perkins R/R Commercial Motor 24 March 1984
  12. ^ "Perkins Distributor Locator".
  13. ^ "Perkins Consolidates North American Distribution - Diesel Progress - November 2015". Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Ridgefield-based Perkins Pacific extends reach to three more states". 11 November 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  15. ^ a b "Perkins Consolidates North American Distribution - Diesel Progress - November 2015". Retrieved 8 August 2016.

External linksEdit