|see § List of discovered minor planets|
Pelageya Fedorovna Shajn, née Sannikova (Пелагея Фёдоровна Шайн) (1894 – 27 August 1956), was a Russian astronomer in the Soviet Union, and the first woman credited with the discovery of a minor planet, at the Simeiz Observatory in 1928. Pelageya also discovered numerous variable stars and co-discovered the periodic, Jupiter-family comet 61P/Shajn–Schaldach. She was married to prominent Soviet astronomer Grigory Shajn.
Pelageya Shajn was born in 1894 to a peasant family in the village Ostanin located in the Solikamsky District of the Perm Governorate. She was the wife of prominent Soviet astronomer Grigory Shajn, who was also her college at the Simeiz Observatory. Her maiden name was Sannikova (Санникова). In 1928, she discovered the asteroid 1112 Polonia, the first minor planet to be discovered by a woman.
She died 27 August 1956, shortly after her husband had died on 4 August the same year.
Awards and honorsEdit
Main-belt asteroid 1190 Pelagia, discovered by her college Grigory Neujmin at Simeiz in 1930, was named in her honor. In addition the asteroid 1648 Shajna was named in her and her husband's memory, while the lunar crater Shayn was exclusively named after her husband.
Her astronomical discoveries are credited under the name P. F. Shajn. As with her husband, her last name, "Shajn", is sometimes given as "Schajn", "Shain" or "Shayn", the latter being the modern English transliteration.
Pelageya Shajn discovered 19 minor planets (see list below) and about 140 variable stars. In 1949, she also co-discovered 61P/Shajn–Schaldach, a periodic comet of the Jupiter family. However, the non-periodic comet C/1925 F1 (Shajn-Comas Solá; also known as Comet 1925 VI or Comet 1925a) was co-discovered by her husband rather than by her.
List of discovered minor planetsEdit
|1112 Polonia||15 August 1928||list|
|1113 Katja||15 August 1928||list|
|1120 Cannonia||11 September 1928||list|
|1121 Natascha||11 September 1928||list|
|1369 Ostanina||27 August 1935||list|
|1387 Kama||27 August 1935||list|
|1390 Abastumani||3 October 1935||list|
|1475 Yalta||21 September 1935||list|
|1610 Mirnaya||11 September 1928||list|
|1648 Shajna||5 September 1935||list|
|1654 Bojeva||8 October 1931||list|
|1735 ITA||10 September 1948||list|
|1954 Kukarkin||15 August 1952||list|
|1987 Kaplan||11 September 1952||list|
|2108 Otto Schmidt||4 October 1948||list|
|2445 Blazhko||3 October 1935||list|
|3080 Moisseiev||3 October 1935||list|
|3958 Komendantov||10 October 1953||list|
|5533 Bagrov||21 September 1935||list|
- "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1190) Pelagia". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1190) Pelagia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 100. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1191. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- "Санникова-Шайн Пелагея Федоровна, астроном" [Sannikova-Shajn, Pelageya Fedorovna, astronomer] (in Russian). Пермская крае (Perm Krai). Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- "Shain [Shayn, Shajn], Grigory Abramovich". Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York, NY: Springer. 2007. p. 1046. ISBN 978-0-387-30400-7. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1112) Polonia". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1112) Polonia. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 94. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1113. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(1648) Shajna". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (1648) Shajna. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 131. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_1649. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- "Lunar crater Shayn". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
- Dobronravin, P. P. (1950). Krymskaia astrofizicheskaia observatoriia (Crimean Astrophysical Observatory) (in Russian). University of California. p. 46.
- "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 61P/Shajn-Schaldach". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
- Мишланова Л. Самостоянье (Mishlanova L. Samostoyaniya): "Очерки о людях науки и культуры Пермского края. Пермь" (Essays of men on science and culture of Perm Krai). Пушка, 2006. 320 с.: ил., Из содерж.: Планета Пелагея (Planet Pelagia). С. 27-33.: фот.