Coordinates: 52°18′N 76°57′E / 52.300°N 76.950°E / 52.300; 76.950

Pavlodar

Павлодар
Республика Казахстан, г. Павлодар. Вид на центральный собор, КазТрансОйл, КДЦ им. Естая.JPG
Flag of Pavlodar
Flag
Coat of arms of Pavlodar
Coat of arms
Pavlodar is located in Kazakhstan
Pavlodar
Pavlodar
Location in Kazakhstan
Coordinates: 52°18′N 76°57′E / 52.300°N 76.950°E / 52.300; 76.950
Country Kazakhstan
RegionPavlodar Region
Established1720
Incorporated1861
Government
 • Akim (mayor)Nurzhan Ashimbetov (Nurjan Áshimbetov)
Area
 • City400 km2 (200 sq mi)
 • Urban
100 km2 (40 sq mi)
Elevation
123 m (404 ft)
Population
 (2014)
 • City353 930[1]
 • Density798.5/km2 (2,068/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (UTC+6)
Postal code
140000 - 140017
Area code(s)+7 7182
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.pavlodar.gov.kz
Fountain in riverside park
Amateur racing in downtown Pavlodar on "City Day" 2006

Pavlodar (Kazakh and Russian: Павлодар) is a city in northeastern Kazakhstan and the capital of Pavlodar Region. It is located 450 km northeast of the national capital Nur-Sultan, and 405 km southeast of the Russian city of Omsk along the Irtysh River. As of 2010, the city has a population of 331,710.[2] The population of Pavlodar is composed predominantly of ethnic Russians and Kazakhs with significant Ukrainian, German and Tatar minorities. The city is served by Pavlodar Airport.

HistoryEdit

One of the oldest cities in northern Kazakhstan, Pavlodar was founded in 1720 as Koryakovsky, an Imperial Russian outpost. The settlement was created to establish control over the region's salt lakes, an important source of valuable salt. In 1861 the settlement was renamed Pavlodar and incorporated as a town. Pavlodar's significance was due in large measure to the substantial agricultural and salt-producing industries that had developed there despite the town's relatively small population. Pavlodar's population numbered only about 8,000 in 1897. The name Pavlodar means The Gift of Paul, and was chosen to commemorate the birth of the Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich of Russia.[3]

After 1955, the Soviet Government's Virgin Lands Campaign provided the impetus for the rapid growth and development of modern Pavlodar. Under the program, large numbers of young men and women from throughout the Soviet Union were relocated to the city; industrial and commercial activity was increased; and from the mid-1960s on, Pavlodar grew to become a major industrial centre of both the Kazakh SSR and of the Soviet Union because of a major arms and armour manufacturing facility located in the city.[4]

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

 
An embankment on the Irtysh River

Pavlodar has a warm-summer humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with long, cold winters and hot summers. The average temperature in January is −15.8 °C (4 °F) with absolute observed lows reaching −45 to −47 °C (−49 to −53 °F). In July the temperature averages 21.5 °C (71 °F). Yearly precipitation amounts to 303 mm (12 in).

Climate data for Pavlodar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.2
(39.6)
5.3
(41.5)
24.6
(76.3)
33.0
(91.4)
38.0
(100.4)
40.8
(105.4)
41.1
(106.0)
40.6
(105.1)
36.1
(97.0)
29.2
(84.6)
17.9
(64.2)
7.2
(45.0)
41.1
(106.0)
Average high °C (°F) −10.8
(12.6)
−9.3
(15.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
12.5
(54.5)
21.1
(70.0)
26.6
(79.9)
28.0
(82.4)
25.9
(78.6)
19.1
(66.4)
10.5
(50.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−8
(18)
9.4
(48.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.8
(3.6)
−14.9
(5.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
5.6
(42.1)
14.0
(57.2)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
19.0
(66.2)
12.2
(54.0)
4.3
(39.7)
−6.0
(21.2)
−12.8
(9.0)
3.3
(37.9)
Average low °C (°F) −20.5
(−4.9)
−20
(−4)
−12
(10)
−0.5
(31.1)
7.0
(44.6)
12.8
(55.0)
15.3
(59.5)
12.6
(54.7)
6.2
(43.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
−10.0
(14.0)
−17.4
(0.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
Record low °C (°F) −45
(−49)
−42.8
(−45.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.2
(39.6)
0.0
(32.0)
−9
(16)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−40
(−40)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−45.2
(−49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 20
(0.8)
16
(0.6)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
28
(1.1)
31
(1.2)
55
(2.2)
32
(1.3)
21
(0.8)
25
(1.0)
23
(0.9)
21
(0.8)
303
(11.9)
Average rainy days 1 0 3 8 12 12 15 12 12 10 5 1 91
Average snowy days 18 16 12 5 1 0.03 0 0.03 0 5 14 19 90
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 80 62 54 55 60 61 63 71 80 80 69
Source: Pogoda.ru.net[5]

DemographicsEdit

The city's population is 331,119 (as of January 1, 2018), and the extended urbanized area has 342,321 inhabitants.[6]

Ethnic groups are as follows (as of January 1, 2018):[7][8]

EconomyEdit

The largest local industries are aluminum, industrial chemicals, and farm machinery. An oil refinery was completed in 1978. In 2012 Polish rolling stock manufacturer Pesa Bydgoszcz announced its intentions to build a tram assembly plant in Pavlodar in conjunction with the city's plans to buy up to 100 new trams from the manufacturer to shore up its aging public transport infrastructure.[9]

SportsEdit

FC Irtysh is a Kazakh football club based at the Central Stadium in Pavlodar. Another notable club formerly based in Pavlodar, FC Energetik, has since relocated to Ekibastuz.

The Chess Federation of Pavlodar organizes frequent citywide competitions such as «Pavlodar Open 2007» and «The Pavlodar Regional Cup», a fast chess competition.[10] Several FIDE masters, and grandmasters including Rinat Zhumabayev, Pavel Kotsur, Yuri Nikitin Vladimir Grebenshikov, and Yelena Ankudinova, participate regularly in the events.

Ice hockey team Irtysh play in Nur-Sultan Ice Palace (capacity 2, 800). Pavlodar hockey players were the champions of Kazakhstan three times in the row in the seasons 2012/2013, 2013/2014 and 2014/2015.

InfrastructureEdit

Public transportationEdit

Pavlodar has an 86 km streetcar (tram) network, which began service in 1965 with, as of 2012, 20 regular and 3 special routes. The network has a 60% share of the local public transport market. However, its fleet of 115 trams is due to be replaced by 100 new trams produced locally by Polish manufacturer PESA SA. In addition, Pavlodar has bus and minibus (marshrutka) service.[9][11]

EducationEdit

Several universities are located in Pavlodar, among them:

  • Pavlodar State University (named after S. Toraigyrov)
  • Pavlodar State Pedagogical University
  • Innovative University of Eurasia

Sister citiesEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Город Павлодар Archived 2015-04-16 at the Wayback Machine Департамент статистики Павлодарской области
  2. ^ "Pavlodar Statistics". pavl.kz. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Pavlodar - Kazakhstan". britannica.com. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Pavlodar travel guide". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-08-13.
  5. ^ "Weather and Climate - The Climate of Pavlodar" (in Russian). Weather and Climate (Погода и климат). Archived from the original on 25 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Stat.kz".
  7. ^ Департамент статистики Павлодарской области (Oblast statistical agency) Archived 2012-04-23 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Агентство Республики Казахстан по статистике. Численность населения Республики Казахстан по областям, городам и районам, полу и отдельным возрастным группам, отдельным этносам на начало 2010 года (Kazakh Statistical Agency Archived 2013-01-17 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b "Pesa to establish tram assembly plant in Kazakhstan", Railway Gazette, 4 May 2012
  10. ^ Skurygin, Anton (September 27, 2007). "Pavlodar Regional Cup on Fast Chess 2007" (in Russian). Chess in Pavlodar. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
  11. ^ "Павлодарский трамвай :: Введение". pavlodar-tramway.narod.ru. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

External linksEdit