Pavel Aleksandrovich Kulizhnikov (Russian: Павел Александрович Кулижников; born 20 April 1994) is a Russian speed skater. He won the men's 500 metres event at the 2015 World Single Distance Championships as well as the 2015 World Sprint Championships, becoming the youngest winner since speed skating icon Eric Heiden of the United States. In 2015, he became the first speed skater to finish the 500-meter in under 34 seconds with a world record of 33.98. In 2020 he became the first speed skater to break 1:06 in the 1000 metres. At the 2016 World Single Distance Speed Skating Championships, Kulizhnikov won the men's 500 m and 1000 m, becoming the first man to win gold in both distances at the same speed skating World Single Distances Championships.
Kulizhnikov in 2016
|Full name||Pavel Aleksandrovich Kulizhnikov|
|Born||20 April 1994|
Vorkuta, Komi Republic, Russia
|Height||1.85 m (6 ft 1 in)|
|Weight||94 kg (207 lb)|
|Event(s)||500 m, 1000 m, team sprint|
|Club||Central Sports Army Club|
|Turned pro||14 November 2014|
|Coached by||Dmitry Dorofeyev|
|World Cup wins||36|
Kulizhnikov was a talented junior and prodigy, winning numerous of the Junior World Cup in the 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 seasons. At the 2012 World Junior Championships in Obihiro, Japan, then 17-year-old Kulizhnikov won gold in the 1000 meters and bronze in the 500 meters but was later disqualified from the results for a doping violation and suspended for two years ending his quest to compete at the 2014 Sochi Olympics. Kulizhnikov stated that methylhexanamine was found in his body because of a nasal spray for colds.
After a two-year doping suspension, Kulizhnikov debuted in his first World Cup series in the 2014/2015, he started his competition in Obihiro taking gold in 1000 meters and silver in 500 meters. He won a total of 3 gold at the 2014–15 World Cup men's 1000 meters and 8 gold in 2014–15 World Cup men's 500 metres. He won gold at the 2015 World Single Distance Championships in 500 meters, as well as the 2015 World Sprint Championships, 18 years later since the last Russian Sergey Klevchenya won Sprint. He is also the youngest speed skater to win since speed skating Icon Eric Heiden of the United States. Kulizhnikov withdrew from the last leg of the World Cup series of the season nursing a back injury, his teammate Ruslan Murashov won the final event of the series in 500 meters in Erfurt, Germany. Kulizhnikov took 1st place in the overall ranking in the men's speed skating for 500 m and 1000 m in the 2014/15 World Cup Series. He underwent back treatment in the first half of the season.
For the 2015/16 season, Kulizhnikov competed at the 2015–16 ISU Speed Skating World Cup in Calgary, winning the 500 m with a new Russian record of 34.11. He then won silver in 1000 m updating his record to 1:07.33. On 15 November 2015, Kulizhnikov broke the world record in men's 500 m, clocking a time of 34.00 seconds to beat the previous record of 34.03 set by Jeremy Wotherspoon of Canada in 2007. Five days later at the second World Cup meet in Salt Lake City on 20 November 2015, he improved his world record to 33.98. He then won the men's 1000 m with an updated personal best of 1:06.70. Kuliznikov withdrew from the list in competition at the 2015–16 ISU World Cup in Inzell because of a flu.
He returned to competition at the 2015–16 World Cup in Heerenveen where he won gold medals in 500 m and 1000 m in a time of 1:08.16 (a track record, and a lowland world record). On the third day of competition in 500 m race, Kulizhnikov unexpectedly fell in the inner corner in his mid race and finished 20th, teammate Ruslan Murashov won the event. Kulizhnikov was unharmed from the fall and did not suffer any major injuries. In 29–31 January, Kulizhnikov competed at the ISU World Cup in Stavanger winning the gold medals in 500 m and in 1000 m, where he updated his new Lowland World Record time of 1:08.10. On 11–14 February, at the 2016 World Single Distance Speed Skating Championships in Kolomna, Kulizhnikov won two gold medals, winning the men's 500 m and 1000 m, becoming the first man to win gold in both distances at the same speed skating World Single Distances Championships. In 26–28 February, Kulizhnikov retained his Sprint title winning the 2016 World Sprint Speed Skating Championships held in Seoul, South Korea.
On 8 March 2016 it was reported that Kulizhnikov had failed a drug test, testing positive for meldonium, an anti-ischemic drug added to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA)'s banned substances list in 2016. On 13 April, the World Anti-Doping Agency gave amnesty to athletes with the presence of less than 1 microgram of meldonium in doping samples in tests conducted on athletes before 1 March 2016 is acceptable, WADA cites due to uncertainties and lack of studies for how long meldonium stays in the body. On 21 April 2016, the International Skating Union lifted its temporary ban on Kulizhnikov and he was reinstated in the team, since the concentration of meldonium was below the threshold.
the International Skating Union's Official Statement was quoted: "In the case of Meldonium, the WADA recognized that there is currently a lack of clear scientific information on excretion time and considers that in certain circumstances there may be grounds for no fault or negligence on the part of the athlete. All mentioned above skaters credibly assured the ISU that they have discontinued the use of Meldonium prior to 1 January 2016, when the substance was included in the prohibited list. In light of the given information, the ISU has decided to lift the provisional suspension imposed on the four skaters, with immediate effect, to stay the results management process and consequently not to disqualify any results at the present stage."
In the 2019–20 World Cup season, Kulizhnikov missed out the first two stages due to injury received during practice. He then skipped the following stage in Nur-Sultan. He returned to the ice rink in Nagano, collecting four medals, out of which two were gold ones, in 1000 m and, for the first time, in team sprint. In the 1000 m event he set a track record. In the following Calgary stage he set another track record in the same event.
Kulizhnikov entered the 2020 World Single Distances Championships, taking place at Utah Olympic Oval in Salt Lake City. During the team sprint event, Kulizhnikov tumbled, and so his team did not finish the run. The fall resulted in Kulizhnikov having his shoulders dislocated. However, the Russian took part in the 500 m distance and achieved victory. After the 500 m, he planned to skip the 1000 m event. Despite that, Kulizhnikov was persuaded not to do that; as a result, he finished the 1000 m event with a new world record (1:05.69).
|Men's speed skating|
|500 m||33.61||9 March 2019||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City||Current world record.|
|1000 m||1:05.69||15 February 2020||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City||Current world record.|
|1500 m||1:47.26||22 January 2015||Kolomna Speed Skating Center, Kolomna|
|3000 m||3:56.26||11 December 2011||Speed Skating Centre, Kolomna|
|5000 m||7:04.65||4 February 2012||Speed Skating Centre, Kolomna|
|Men's speed skating|
|500 m||34.00||15 November 2015||Olympic Oval, Calgary||World record until beaten by himself on 20 November 2015.|
|500 m||33.98||20 November 2015||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City||Current world record.|
|1000 m||1:08.10||30 January 2016||Sørmarka Arena, Stavanger||Lowland World Record.|
|1000 m||1:05.69||15 February 2020||Utah Olympic Oval, Salt Lake City||Current world record.|
World Cup resultsEdit
|14 November 2014||2014–15||Obihiro||500m|
|15 November 2014||2014–15||Obihiro||1000m|
|16 November 2014||2014–15||Obihiro||500m|
|21 November 2014||2014–15||Seoul||500m|
|22 November 2014||2014–15||Seoul||1000m|
|23 November 2014||2014–15||Seoul||500m|
|12 December 2014||2014–15||Heerenveen||500m|
|13 December 2014||2014–15||Heerenveen||1000m|
|14 December 2014||2014–15||Heerenveen||500m|
|7 February 2015||2014–15||Heerenveen||500m|
|7 February 2015||2014–15||Heerenveen||1000m|
|8 February 2015||2014–15||Heerenveen||500m|
|8 February 2015||2014–15||Heerenveen||1000m|
|21 March 2015||2014–15||Erfurt||500m|
|13 November 2015||2015–16||Calgary||500m|
|14 November 2015||2015–16||Calgary||1000m|
|15 November 2015||2015–16||Calgary||500m|
|20 November 2015||2015–16||Salt Lake City||500m|
|21 November 2015||2015–16||Salt Lake City||1000m|
|22 November 2015||2015–16||Salt Lake City||500m|
|11 December 2015||2015–16||Heerenveen||500m|
|12 December 2015||2015–16||Heerenveen||1000m|
|29 January 2016||2015–16||Stavanger||500m|
|30 January 2016||2015–16||Stavanger||1000m|
|31 January 2016||2015–16||Stavanger||500m|
|31 January 2016||2015–16||Stavanger||1000m|
|12 November 2016||2016–17||Harbin||500m|
|12 November 2016||2016–17||Harbin||1000m|
|13 November 2016||2016–17||Harbin||500m|
|19 November 2016||2016–17||Nagano||1000m|
|3 December 2016||2016–17||Astana||500m|
|3 December 2016||2016–17||Astana||1000m|
|4 December 2016||2016–17||Astana||500m|
|12 November 2017||2017–18||Heerenveen||1000m|
|16 November 2018||2018–19||Obihiro||500m|
|17 November 2018||2018–19||Obihiro||500m|
|18 November 2018||2018–19||Obihiro||1000m|
|7 December 2018||2018–19||Tomaszów Mazowiecki||500m|
|7 December 2018||2018–19||Tomaszów Mazowiecki||1000m|
|8 December 2018||2018–19||Tomaszów Mazowiecki||500m|
|15 December 2018||2018–19||Heerenveen||500m|
|16 December 2018||2018–19||Heerenveen||1000m|
|2 February 2019||2018–19||Hamar||500m|
|3 February 2019||2018–19||Hamar||500m|
|9 March 2019||2018–19||Salt Lake City||500m|
|13 December 2019||2019–20||Nagano||Team sprint|
|13 December 2019||2019–20||Nagano||500 m|
|14 December 2019||2019–20||Nagano||500 m|
|15 December 2019||2019–20||Nagano||1000 m|
|7 February 2020||2019–20||Calgary||500 m|
|8 February 2020||2019–20||Calgary||1000 m|
- "Bowe, Kulizhnikov wrap up World Sprint titles". Icenetwork. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "World Records". speedskatingresults.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Kulizhnikov wins again on day of records". Eurosport. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- Magnar Taule (3 January 2013). "Fikk VM-gull i posten etter russisk juks". Bergens Tidende / BT.no. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
Men så – utpå høsten i fjor – ble det kjent at Pavel Kulizjnikov hadde testet positivt på kroppsbyggerdopet methylhexamine. Russeren ble dermed fratatt gullet, og Lorentzen ble flyttet opp fra sølv- til gullplass.
- "Kulizhnikov big surprise of first ISU World Cup". Sportnavigator. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
- "Pavel Kulizhnikov wins World Cup speedskating 500 meters". HuffPost. 8 February 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Bowe and Kulizhnikov clinch World Sprint title in style". ISU. Archived from the original on 26 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- "Russia's Kulizhnikov set speed skating world records". Citizen. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
- "Russia's Kulizhnikov breaks world 500 record again". Associated Press. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Kulizhnikov laat alle wedstrijden in Inzell schieten". schaatsupdate.nl. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 5 December 2015.
- "Kulizhnikov at record pace in Heerenveen". Eurosport. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
- "Kulizhnikov onderuit op tweede omloop, Murashov profiteert". schaatsupdate.nl. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 13 December 2015.
- "World Records". schaatsupdate.nl. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
- "Kulizhnikov wins 500m world title at World Single Distance Speed Skating Championships". Information Telegraph Agency of Russia. Retrieved 14 February 2016.
- "Brittany Bowe and Pavel Kulizhnikov retain sprint titles". Eurosport. 28 February 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2016.
- "Russian speed skater Pavel Kulizhnikov has failed meldonium test, says coach". The Guardian. 8 March 2016.
- Lidia Kelly (8 March 2016). "Meldonium detected in Russian speed skaters Elistratov and Kulizhnikov – R-sport". Reuters.
- Dmitriy Rogovitskiy (13 April 2016). "Doping-WADA announces meldonium amnesty". Reuters.
- "Амнистия по полной: ISU снял обвинения в допинге c трех конькобежцев" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- "ISU Statement". International Skating Union. 25 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- Top sprinter Kulizhnikov misses first two world cups due to injury
- ISU World Cup #4 - 1000m Men Division A
- ISU World Cup #5 - 1000m Men Division A
- Кулижников: хотел сняться с дистанции на 1000 м, но в итоге побил мировой рекорд
- Russian Speed Skater Pavel Kulizhnikov Beats World Record at World Championships
- "Pavel Kulizhnikov". speedskatingresults.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "National Records – Russia (RUS)". speedskatingresults.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Pavel Kulizhnikov". speedskatingstats.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "Evolution of the world record 500 meters Men". speedskatingstats.com. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Pavel Kulizhnikov at the International Skating Union
- Pavel Kulizhnikov in SpeedSkatingBase.eu
- Pavel Kulizhnikov at SpeedSkatingNews.info
- Pavel Kulizhnikov at SpeedSkatingStats.com
- Pavel Kulizhnikov bio page (in Russian)
- Pavel Kulizhnikov Sports Bio
| Men's 500 m speed skating world record
15 November 2015 – present