Paumgartner altarpiece

Paumgartner altarpiece, oil on wood, 157 cm × 248 cm. Alte Pinakothek, Munich
The right panel as it appeared before the 1903 restoration

The Paumgartner altarpiece (c. 1500) is an early triptych painting by Albrecht Dürer, commissioned by the Paumgartner family of Nuremberg. The central panel depicts a nativity scene, while the wings depict Saint George (left) and Saint Eustace (right). The saint's faces are donor portraits of the brothers Stephan and Lukas Paumgartner, respectively. Other members of the Paumgartner family are depicted as small figures in the center panel.

In 1616 the painting was bought by Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria and taken to Munich. There it was altered to suit 17th century tastes. This entailed adding helmets, horses, and landscape backgrounds to the portraits of the saints and painting over the small donor figures in the center panel. These embellishments were removed by restorators in 1903.[1][2]

On 20 April 1988, the Paumgartner altarpiece was one of three paintings at the Alte Pinakothek that were attacked with concentrated sulfuric acid by the serial art vandal Hans-Joachim Bohlmann.[3] It alone suffered at least $12 million worth of damage.[4] After 21 years of restoration, it was returned to display in 2010.[5]


  1. ^ Dürer und Grünewald, Der Frankfurter Heller-Altar, Bernhard Decker, p. 37
  2. ^ Brief article from a contemporary periodical about the restoration
  3. ^ Jane Campbell Hutchison (2000). Albrecht Dürer: a guide to research. Taylor & Francis. p. 283. ISBN 0-8153-2114-7.
  4. ^ "3 Durer Masterpieces Vandalized With Acid." New York Times, 22 April 1988
  5. ^ Bailey, John. Cleaning up After a Serial Art Vandal. The Age, 20 February 2011.

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