Downtown Paterson

Downtown Paterson, New Jersey

Downtown Paterson is the main commercial district of Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The area is the oldest part of the city, along the banks of the Passaic River and its Great Falls. It is roughly bounded by Interstate 80, Garret Mountain Reservation, Route 19, Oliver Street, and Spruce Street on the south; the Passaic River, West Broadway, Cliff Street, North 3rd Street, Haledon Avenue, and the borough of Prospect Park on the west; and the Passaic River also to the north.


Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District
Main Street in Paterson
LocationRoughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross streets, and Hamilton Avenue
Coordinates40°55′2″N 74°10′21″W / 40.91722°N 74.17250°W / 40.91722; -74.17250Coordinates: 40°55′2″N 74°10′21″W / 40.91722°N 74.17250°W / 40.91722; -74.17250
Area41 acres (17 ha)
ArchitectJohn Merven Carrère; et al.
Architectural styleBeaux Arts, Romanesque
NRHP reference No.99000192[1]
NJRHP No.170[2]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPFebruary 12, 1999
Designated NJRHPDecember 15, 1998

After a devastating fire in 1902, the city rebuilt the downtown with massive Beaux-Arts-style buildings, many of which remain to this day.[3][4][5] and are contributing properties to the Downtown Commercial Historic District.[6] These buildings are usually four to seven stories tall. Downtown Paterson is home to City Hall and the Passaic County Court House, two of the city's architectural landmarks. City Hall was designed by the New York firm Carrere and Hastings in 1894 and is modeled after the Hôtel de Ville (city hall) in Lyon, France, capital of the silk industry in Europe. Downtown abounds with buildings designed by Fred Wesley Wentworth, some in collaboration with his draftsman and later partner Frederick J. Vreeland, who worked in the city from the turn of the century to the 1930s.[7][8] The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist survived the fire. As the county seat Paterson is home to the Passaic County Court House complex, Passaic County Community College, and several federal and state offices. Center City Mall is a 320,000-square-foot (30,000 m2) shopping mall at 301 Main Street opened in 2009, and is home to the acclaimed Hamilton & Ward Steakhouse. The massive Masjid Jalalabad mosque, which can accommodate 1,500 worshippers, is located on Van Houten Street. Paterson Broadway Bus Terminal is a major regional bus terminal. Downtown has a diverse ethnic makeup with large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Peruvian, and Mexican populations. Little Lima is the largest Peruvian American enclave in the United States.[9]

Historic districtsEdit

Many places that are on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey are located in Paterson, and several are located Downtown, including the Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District, roughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross streets, and Hamilton Avenue; Paterson City Hall at 155 Market Street (40°55′0″N 74°10′19″W / 40.91667°N 74.17194°W / 40.91667; -74.17194 (Paterson City Hall)), added to the National Register of Historic Places[10] on February 12, 1999; and Public School Number Two at Mill and Passaic streets. (40°54′55″N 74°10′38″W / 40.91528°N 74.17722°W / 40.91528; -74.17722 (Public School Number Two)). The Great Falls Historic District overlaps Downtown to the west.

Tallest commercial buildingsEdit

Rank Name Address image Height
Floors Year Notes
1 Alexander Hamilton Plaza 100 Hamilton Plaza   53.65 m (176.0 ft) 14 1973 named for Alexander Hamilton[11]
The Hamiltonian[12]
Medical Missions for Children
703 Main Street 51.59 m (169.3 ft) 14 2014 construction start
2016 projected completion
2 Cathedral of St. John the Baptist 381 Grand Street   spire 1868 by Patrick Keely[17]
3 Paterson City Hall 155 Market Street   49.99 m (164.0 ft) tower 1896 by Carrère and Hastings[18]
St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center 703 Main Street 39.62 m (130.0 ft) 9 1928 [19]
Passaic County Court House Annex Hamilton Street   spire 1898 by F.W. Wentworth[20][21]
Old Passaic County Court House 71 Hamilton Street   dome and statue 1898 by Samuel B. Reed[21][22]
YMCA Building 128 Ward Street 33.16 m (108.8 ft) 9 1929 by F.W. Wentworth[23]
Passaic County Administration Building 401 Grand Street   33.16 m (108.8 ft) 9 1994 [20][21]
Fabian Building 31-51 Church Street 29.48 m (96.7 ft) 9 1925 for Jacob Fabian
by F.W. Wentworth[24]
Alexander Hamilton Hotel 39-55 Church Street 29.48 m (96.7 ft) 8 1925 by F.W. Wentworth[25]
Center City Mall 301 Main Street 25.79 m (84.6 ft) 5 2009 [26]
Passaic County Court House 77 Hamilton Street 25.79 m (84.6 ft) 7 1968 [27]
Robert A. Roe Federal Building 200 Federal Plaza 22.11 m (72.5 ft) 6 for Robert A. Roe[28][29]

CBD, SID, and UEZEdit

The central business district of Paterson is the area closest to the Passaic River on the west side of the city. The areas along Market Street and Main Street are some of the busiest and largest commercial districts in Paterson. Downtown was once a shopping mecca for northern New Jersey. As with many other older urban cores in the United States, it suffered as shoppers and retailers moved to the suburban shopping malls of the region. For a large part, Downtown retailers are "mom and pop" retailers who employee local residents. In 1997, a special improvement district (SID) created by Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson,[30] comprising over 300 stakeholders, updated storefronts and beautified city streets with signage and lighting. Downtown SID employees supplement the municipal cleaning, informational, and safety services of the city by maintaining a "Clean and Safe" staff. The association participates in many city activities with sponsorships such as the Great Falls Festival and the annual 4th of July fireworks show, one of Northern New Jersey's largest. Additionally, the SID implements several events throughout the year in Downtown Paterson. Downtown Paterson was an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), which means that participating stores sell merchandise at 3.5% sales tax, instead of the normal 7% sales tax. The UEZ also invested greatly in Downtown Paterson and the entire stretch of Main Street, with a beautification project. New street furniture such as benches, garbage cans, newspaper kiosks, bus shelters, clocks, bike racks have been installed.

Dublin AreaEdit

Dublin, considered the first neighborhood of Paterson, was built up around the mills near Great Falls. The area, which is responsible for the early growth of Paterson, has a rich history and has had a diverse and changing ethnic makeup. Originally settled by Irish immigrants, the neighborhood has seen waves of English, Italians and more recently Hispanic immigrants. The Dublin area today incorporates parts of Old Great Falls Historic District and the area on Market Street, which has a large Peruvian and Argentine population today.

Wrigley ParkEdit

Wrigley Park is the northern section of downtown, north of Broadway and to the east of the Passaic River. Wrigley Park is a predominantly African-American community and is mostly residential. The area is considered to be one of the more dangerous sections of Paterson along with areas of the Northside,[citation needed] although the crime rate has declined gradually in recent years.[31]

The NorthsideEdit

Northside is a mostly residential neighborhood on the north bank of the Passaic River. The neighborhood stretches back to Paterson's borders with Haledon and Prospect Park. The neighborhoods on this side of the river are up a steep hill that gives many of the houses and streets in the Northside great views of Manhattan.


Train service began with the Paterson and Hudson River Railroad in 1833. Erie Railroad ran service on its Newark Branch and Main Line. The Paterson rail station is located in Downtown. Paterson is served by New Jersey Transit on the Main Line and limited service on the Port Jervis Line.

The Broadway Bus Terminal is the point of origin for numerous New Jersey Transit Bus Operations' local and Manhattan-bound bus lines.

Interstate 80 passes south of Downtown. New Jersey Route 19, known as the Paterson Peripheral, connects Interstate 80 and the Garden State Parkway to Downtown where it becomes Ward Street.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "New Jersey and National Registers of Historic Places - Passaic County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection - Historic Preservation Office. January 10, 2010. p. 12. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 19, 2011. Retrieved April 8, 2010.
  3. ^ Simon, Lizzie (November 11, 2012). "Discovering Paterson One Building at a Time". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  4. ^ "Walking Tour of Downtown". Paterson History. Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved September 15, 2014.
  5. ^ "Book looks at life and times of Fred Wentworth". Foster's Daily Democrat. February 7, 2013. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  6. ^ "Paterson Listed Historic Sites and Landmarked Buildings Buildings" (PDF). Greater May 2008. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  7. ^ Polton, Richard E. (2012), The Life and Times of Fred Wesley Wentworth: The Architect Who Shaped Paterson, NJ and Its People, Pine Hill Architectural Press, LLC, ISBN 9780813560786
  8. ^ "Paterson". Phorio. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "A Brief History of Peruvian Immigration to the United States". Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 19, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Alexander Hamilton Plaza". Emporis. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "The Hamiltonian". Garret Mountain Associates. Archived from the original on November 21, 2014. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  13. ^ "Medical Missions for Children Hilton Doubletree". Emporis. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  14. ^ Prochilo, Dan (August 11, 2014). "Developer predicts $150M Paterson hotel will be 'very, very busy'". Emporis. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  15. ^ Ma, Myles (August 7, 2014). "$100 million Paterson hotel to break ground in October". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  16. ^ Malinconico, Joe (December 10, 2013). "Paterson hotel project at hospital gets $105 million in state funding". Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Cathedral of St. John the Baptist". Emporis. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
  18. ^ "Paterson City Hall". Emporis. Retrieved October 6, 2014.
  19. ^ "Saint Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center". Emporis. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
  20. ^ a b "Passaic County Administration Building". Emporis. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  21. ^ a b c "Facilities Plan Phase i: Inventory and Needs Assessment". Passaic County Planning Department. May 23, 2011. Retrieved October 14, 2014.
  22. ^ "Old Passaic County Court House". Emporis. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  23. ^ "YMCA Building". Emporis. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  24. ^ "Fabian Building". Emporis. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  25. ^ "Alexander Hamilton Hotel". Emporis. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  26. ^ "Center City Atrium". Emporis. Retrieved October 13, 2014.
  27. ^ "Passaic County Court House". Emporis. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  28. ^
  29. ^ "Robert A. Roe Federal Building". Emporis. Retrieved October 10, 2014.
  30. ^ "Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson". Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  31. ^ Ma, Myles (November 7, 2014). "Filling the void: Paterson sets sights on hundreds of abandoned properties". nj.

External linksEdit