Downtown Paterson is the main commercial district of Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, United States. The area is the oldest part of the city, along the banks of the Passaic River and its Great Falls. It is roughly bounded by Interstate 80, Garret Mountain Reservation, Route 19, Oliver Street, and Spruce Street on the south; the Passaic River, West Broadway, Cliff Street, North 3rd Street, Haledon Avenue, and the borough of Prospect Park on the west; and the Passaic River also to the north.
Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District
Main Street in Paterson
|Location||Roughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross streets, and Hamilton Avenue|
|Area||41 acres (17 ha)|
|Architect||John Merven Carrère; et al.|
|Architectural style||Beaux Arts, Romanesque|
|NRHP reference No.||99000192|
|Added to NRHP||February 12, 1999|
|Designated NJRHP||December 15, 1998|
After a devastating fire in 1902, the city rebuilt the downtown with massive Beaux-Arts-style buildings, many of which remain to this day. and are contributing properties to the Downtown Commercial Historic District. These buildings are usually four to seven stories tall. Downtown Paterson is home to City Hall and the Passaic County Court House, two of the city's architectural landmarks. City Hall was designed by the New York firm Carrere and Hastings in 1894 and is modeled after the Hôtel de Ville (city hall) in Lyon, France, capital of the silk industry in Europe. Downtown abounds with buildings designed by Fred Wesley Wentworth, some in collaboration with his draftsman and later partner Frederick J. Vreeland, who worked in the city from the turn of the century to the 1930s. The Cathedral of St. John the Baptist survived the fire. As the county seat Paterson is home to the Passaic County Court House complex, Passaic County Community College, and several federal and state offices. Center City Mall is a 320,000-square-foot (30,000 m2) shopping mall at 301 Main Street opened in 2009, and is home to the acclaimed Hamilton & Ward Steakhouse. The massive Masjid Jalalabad mosque, which can accommodate 1,500 worshippers, is located on Van Houten Street. Paterson Broadway Bus Terminal is a major regional bus terminal. Downtown has a diverse ethnic makeup with large Dominican, Puerto Rican, Peruvian, and Mexican populations. Little Lima is the largest Peruvian American enclave in the United States.
Many places that are on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Passaic County, New Jersey are located in Paterson, and several are located Downtown, including the Paterson Downtown Commercial Historic District, roughly bounded by Patterson, Ward and Gross streets, and Hamilton Avenue; Paterson City Hall at 155 Market Street ( ), added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 12, 1999; and Public School Number Two at Mill and Passaic streets. ( ). The Great Falls Historic District overlaps Downtown to the west.
Tallest commercial buildingsEdit
|1||Alexander Hamilton Plaza||100 Hamilton Plaza||53.65 m (176.0 ft)||14||1973||named for Alexander Hamilton|
Medical Missions for Children
|703 Main Street||51.59 m (169.3 ft)||14||2014 construction start
2016 projected completion
|2||Cathedral of St. John the Baptist||381 Grand Street||spire||1868||by Patrick Keely|
|3||Paterson City Hall||155 Market Street||49.99 m (164.0 ft)||tower||1896||by Carrère and Hastings|
|St. Joseph's Regional Medical Center||703 Main Street||39.62 m (130.0 ft)||9||1928|||
|Passaic County Court House Annex||Hamilton Street||spire||1898||by F.W. Wentworth|
|Old Passaic County Court House||71 Hamilton Street||dome and statue||1898||by Samuel B. Reed|
|YMCA Building||128 Ward Street||33.16 m (108.8 ft)||9||1929||by F.W. Wentworth|
|Passaic County Administration Building||401 Grand Street||33.16 m (108.8 ft)||9||1994|||
|Fabian Building||31-51 Church Street||29.48 m (96.7 ft)||9||1925||for Jacob Fabian|
by F.W. Wentworth
|Alexander Hamilton Hotel||39-55 Church Street||29.48 m (96.7 ft)||8||1925||by F.W. Wentworth|
|Center City Mall||301 Main Street||25.79 m (84.6 ft)||5||2009|||
|Passaic County Court House||77 Hamilton Street||25.79 m (84.6 ft)||7||1968|||
|Robert A. Roe Federal Building||200 Federal Plaza||22.11 m (72.5 ft)||6||for Robert A. Roe|
CBD, SID, and UEZEdit
The central business district of Paterson is the area closest to the Passaic River on the west side of the city. The areas along Market Street and Main Street are some of the busiest and largest commercial districts in Paterson. Downtown was once a shopping mecca for northern New Jersey. As with many other older urban cores in the United States, it suffered as shoppers and retailers moved to the suburban shopping malls of the region. For a large part, Downtown retailers are "mom and pop" retailers who employee local residents. In 1997, a special improvement district (SID) created by Merchants and Businesses of Downtown Paterson, comprising over 300 stakeholders, updated storefronts and beautified city streets with signage and lighting. Downtown SID employees supplement the municipal cleaning, informational, and safety services of the city by maintaining a "Clean and Safe" staff. The association participates in many city activities with sponsorships such as the Great Falls Festival and the annual 4th of July fireworks show, one of Northern New Jersey's largest. Additionally, the SID implements several events throughout the year in Downtown Paterson. Downtown Paterson was an Urban Enterprise Zone (UEZ), which means that participating stores sell merchandise at 3.5% sales tax, instead of the normal 7% sales tax. The UEZ also invested greatly in Downtown Paterson and the entire stretch of Main Street, with a beautification project. New street furniture such as benches, garbage cans, newspaper kiosks, bus shelters, clocks, bike racks have been installed.
Dublin, considered the first neighborhood of Paterson, was built up around the mills near Great Falls. The area, which is responsible for the early growth of Paterson, has a rich history and has had a diverse and changing ethnic makeup. Originally settled by Irish immigrants, the neighborhood has seen waves of English, Italians and more recently Hispanic immigrants. The Dublin area today incorporates parts of Old Great Falls Historic District and the area on Market Street, which has a large Peruvian and Argentine population today.
Wrigley Park is the northern section of downtown, north of Broadway and to the east of the Passaic River. Wrigley Park is a predominantly African-American community and is mostly residential. The area is considered to be one of the more dangerous sections of Paterson along with areas of the Northside, although the crime rate has declined gradually in recent years.
Northside is a mostly residential neighborhood on the north bank of the Passaic River. The neighborhood stretches back to Paterson's borders with Haledon and Prospect Park. The neighborhoods on this side of the river are up a steep hill that gives many of the houses and streets in the Northside great views of Manhattan.
Train service began with the Paterson and Hudson River Railroad in 1833. Erie Railroad ran service on its Newark Branch and Main Line. The Paterson rail station is located in Downtown. Paterson is served by New Jersey Transit on the Main Line and limited service on the Port Jervis Line.
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