Pasenadi

Pasenadi (Sanskrit: Prasenajit) (c. 6th century BCE) was an Aikṣvāka dynasty ruler of Kosala. Sāvatthī was his capital. He succeeded after Sanjaya Mahākosala.[2] He was a prominent Upāsaka (lay follower) of Gautama Buddha, who built many Buddhist monasteries.

Pasenadi
Raja
Pasenadi
Prasenajit of Kosala pays a visit to buddha
ReignKosala
QueenMallika, Magadhan princess, Vāsavakhattiyā
IssueJeta, Virudhaka, Princess Vajira
DynastyIkshvaku
FatherSanjaya Mahākosala
Procession of Prasenajit of Kosala leaving Sravasti to meet the Buddha. Sanchi[1]

LifeEdit

Pasenadi studied in Taxila in his early life. He was the king of Kosala (modern Oudh or Awadh).[3] His first queen was a Magadhan princess. His second queen was Vāsavakhattiyā, daughter of Mahānāma, a Sākya by a slave girl Nāgamundā. Though she was a slave girl not the original daughter of Mahanama[further explanation needed]. From this marriage, he had a son, Viḍūḍabha and a daughter Princess Vajira, whom he married to Ajātaśatru (Pāli: Ajātasattu).[3] His third and chief queen was Mallika, daughter of the chief of garland-makers. He married his sister Kosala Devi to Bimbisara.[4]

Once, while he was away from his capital Shravasti, his minister Dīgha Chārāyana placed his son Viḍūḍabha on the throne. He went to Magadha to seek help from Ajātaśatru in order to regain his throne. But before being able to meet him, Pasenadi died of exposure outside the gates of Rājagṛha (Pāli: Rājagaha).[5] He was succeeded by his son Vidudabha.[6] The Puranas instead of Viḍūḍabha mention the name of Kṣudraka as his successor.[7]

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ Marshall p.59
  2. ^ Raychaudhuri H. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.90,176
  3. ^ a b Sastri 1988, p. 17.
  4. ^ Upinder Singh 2016, p. 271.
  5. ^ Raychaudhuri H. (1972). Political History of Ancient India, Calcutta: University of Calcutta, pp.176-8,186
  6. ^ Sen 1999, p. 107.
  7. ^ Misra, V. S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, pp.287-8

SourcesEdit

Preceded by
Mahākosala
Ikshvaku dynasty ruler
BCE 534
Succeeded by
Viḍūḍabha