Particle beam cooling
Cooling techniques are important for controlling the emittance of particle beams in particle accelerators. Usually, these techniques take advantage, in some way, of the electric or the magnetic fields present in the fast-moving bunches of particles in the accelerator in clever ways to damp the tendency of these particles to repel each other. It is accurate to think of these techniques as thermodynamic cooling, or the reduction of entropy, in much the same way that a refrigerator or an air conditioner cools its contents.
The main types of particle beam cooling are:
- Proceedings of Cern Accelerator School Workshop on Beam Cooling and related topics, Montreux October 1993
- van der Meer, S. (1985). "Stochastic cooling and the accumulation of antiprotons" (PDF). Reviews of Modern Physics. 57 (3): 689–697. Bibcode:1985RvMP...57..689V. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.57.689.
- I. Meshkov, Electron Cooling: Status and Perspectives, Physics of Particles and Nuclei, Vol. 25, Issue 6, pp. 631-661, 1994
- E. Bonderup, Laser Cooling, CAS 1993, CERN 95-06, pp. 731-748[permanent dead link]
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