Parotosuchus is an extinct genus of capitosaurian temnospondyl amphibians within the family Mastodonsauridae. Fossils are known from the Early Triassic of Europe, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica. It was about 2 metres (6.6 ft) long and likely lived in aquatic environments such as lakes and rivers. Parotosuchus was covered in a scaly skin, unlike the smooth skin of modern-day amphibians, and probably moved with an eel-like motion in the water.
Temporal range: Early Triassic
|Skull impression of P. nasutus in the Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin|
Otschev and Shishkin, 1968
Parotosuchus was originally named Parotosaurus. However, the name Parotosaurus was preoccupied by a genus of skinks, and in 1968 the name Parotosuchus was proposed as a replacement. The name Archotosaurus was also proposed as a replacement name in 1976, although the author who proposed this was unaware that Parotosuchus was already in use. Because the name Parotosuchus was erected earlier than Archotosaurus, it has priority.
- Mikhail A. Shishkin; and Tomasz Sulej (2009). "The Early Triassic temnospondyls of the Czatkowice 1 tetrapod assemblage" (PDF). paleontologica polonica. 65: 31–77.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- Yahoo News: Antarctic fossil prompts rethink about amphibian history
- Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. (2010). "A new species of scincid lizard (genus Sphenomorphus) from Palawan Island, Philippines" (PDF). Herpetologica. 66 (1): 67–79. doi:10.1655/08-074.1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-01-15.
- Kalandadze, N.N.; Ochev, V.G.; Tatarinov, L.P.; Chudinov, P.K.; Shishkin, M.A. (1968). "Catalogue of Permian and Triassic tetrapods of the U.S.S.R.". Upper Paleozoic and Mesozoic Amphibians and Reptiles of the U.S.S.R. Moscow: Nauka. pp. 72–79.
- Patton, R.L. (1976). "A replacement name for Parotosuchus Jaekel (Amphibia: Labyrinthodontia)" (PDF). Palaeontology. 19 (2): 415–416.[permanent dead link]
- Damiani, R. J. (2002). "Parotosuchus (Amphibia, Temnospondyli) from the Cynognathus Assemblage Zone (Early Triassic) of South Africa: Cranial morphology and relationships". Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology. 25 (4): 351–379. doi:10.1080/03115510108619226.