Panthera shawi is an extinct prehistoric cat, of which a single canine tooth was excavated in Sterkfontein cave in South Africa by Robert Broom in the 1940s. Broom described it in 1948 using the scientific name Felis shawi. It is thought to be the oldest known Panthera species.
Temporal range: Late Pliocene
The canine tooth is about 12 mm (0.47 in) long and considerably larger and thicker at the base than of a modern lion. The tooth crown measures 31 mm × 24 mm (1.22 in × 0.94 in) at the base and is 67.5 mm (2.66 in) long.
- Broom, R. (1948). "Some South African Pliocene and Pleistocene mammals" (PDF). Annals of the Transvaal Museum. 21: 1–38.
- Sabol, M. (2011). "Masters of the lost world: a hypothetical look at the temporal and spatial distribution of lion-like felids" (PDF). Quaternaire. 4: 229–236.
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