Panthera shawi is an extinct prehistoric cat, of which a single canine tooth was excavated in Sterkfontein cave in South Africa by Robert Broom in the 1940s. Broom described it in 1948 using the scientific name Felis shawi.[1] It is thought to be the oldest known Panthera species.[2]

Panthera shawi
Temporal range: Late Pliocene
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Pantherinae
Genus: Panthera
P. shawi
Binomial name
Panthera shawi
(Broom, 1948)


The canine tooth is about 12 mm (0.47 in) long and considerably larger and thicker at the base than of a modern lion. The tooth crown measures 31 mm × 24 mm (1.22 in × 0.94 in) at the base and is 67.5 mm (2.66 in) long.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Broom, R. (1948). "Some South African Pliocene and Pleistocene mammals" (PDF). Annals of the Transvaal Museum. 21: 1–38.
  2. ^ Sabol, M. (2011). "Masters of the lost world: a hypothetical look at the temporal and spatial distribution of lion-like felids" (PDF). Quaternaire. 4: 229–236.