Panathinaikos B.C. (Greek: ΚΑΕ Παναθηναϊκός), also known simply as Panathinaikos, or by its current name Panathinaikos B.C. OPAP for sponsorship reasons, is the professional basketball team of the major Athens-based multi-sport club Panathinaikos A.O. It is owned by the billionaire Giannakopoulos family.
|Panathinaikos BC OPAP|
Greek Basket League
|Founded||1908 (Basketball Club: 1919)|
|Arena||O.A.C.A. Olympic Indoor Hall|
|Team colors||Green, White |
|Main sponsor||Pame Stoixima|
|Team manager||Fragiskos Alvertis|
|Head coach||Argyris Pedoulakis|
|Team captain||Nick Calathes|
|Championships||6 EuroLeague |
37 Greek Championships
19 Greek Cups
1 Intercontinental Cup
2 Triple Crowns
|Retired numbers||3 (1, 4, 13)|
The parent athletic club was founded in 1908, while the basketball team was created in 1919, being one of the oldest in Greece. Alongside Aris, they are the only un-relegated teams with participation in every Greek First Division Championship until today.
Panathinaikos has developed into the most successful basketball club in Greek basketball's history, and one of the most successful clubs in European basketball, creating its own dynasty. They have won six EuroLeague Championships, thirty-seven Greek Basket League Championships, nineteen Greek Cups, one Intercontinental Cup and two Triple Crowns. They also hold the record for most consecutive Greek League titles, as they are the only team to have won nine consecutive championships (2003–2011), as well as for the most consecutive Greek Basketball Cup titles (six in a row) from 2012 to 2017. Panathinaikos counts one more championship, that took place in 1921 and was organized by YMCA, but it is not recognized by HEBA, because it was before the creation of Hellenic Basketball Federation. The team plays its home games at the O.A.C.A. Olympic Indoor Hall, which has a maximum capacity of 19,250 for basketball games.
Among the many well-known top class players that have played with the club over the years, are: Dominique Wilkins, Fragiskos Alvertis, Byron Scott, Nikos Galis, John Salley, Dimitris Diamantidis, Antonio Davis, Stojko Vranković, Dino Rađja, Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Dejan Bodiroga, Oded Kattash, Ramūnas Šiškauskas, Panagiotis Giannakis, Fanis Christodoulou, Alexander Volkov, Marcelo Nicola, Hugo Sconochini, Željko Rebrača, Antonis Fotsis, İbrahim Kutluay, John Amaechi, Nikola Peković, Jaka Lakovič, Pepe Sánchez, Kostas Tsartsaris, Mike Batiste, Nick Calathes, Vassilis Spanoulis, Dejan Tomašević, Byron Dinkins, Ferdinando Gentile, Sani Bečirovič, Darryl Middleton, Lazaros Papadopoulos, Žarko Paspalj, Nikos Chatzivrettas, Dimos Dikoudis, Tiit Sokk, Sofoklis Schortsanitis, Jason Kapono, Marcus Banks, Arijan Komazec, Edgar Jones, Romain Sato, Johnny Rogers, Tony Delk, Drew Nicholas, Stéphane Lasme, Roko Ukić, Robertas Javtokas, Jonas Mačiulis, Ioannis Bourousis, James Gist and Keith Langford. Such players, the successful management of former long-time presidents Pavlos Giannakopoulos and Thanasis Giannakopoulos, and the long-time guidance of the most successful coach in EuroLeague history, Željko Obradović, have made Panathinaikos the most successful team in Europe over the last two-and-a-half decades.
Panathinaikos is the only team on the European continent to win as many as 6 EuroLeague titles (1996, 2000, 2002, 2007, 2009, 2011), since the establishment of the modern era EuroLeague Final Four format in 1988 (no other club has won more than four EuroLeague championships in this period). They have also finished one time as EuroLeague runners-up in 2001. They have participated in eleven EuroLeague Final Fours in total (1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012).
- 1 History
- 1.1 Basketball in Greece (1918–1945)
- 1.2 Postwar history (1946–1970)
- 1.3 The Golden Age (1970–1984)
- 1.4 The decline of 1985–1992
- 1.5 Return to distinction (1992–1995)
- 1.6 European, Intercontinental and Greek Champions (1996–1999)
- 1.7 Obradović era (1999–2012)
- 1.8 Post-Obradović period (2012–present)
- 2 Rivalries
- 3 Players
- 4 Squad changes for the 2019–20 season
- 5 Past rosters
- 6 Honours
- 7 Crest and colours
- 8 Arena
- 9 Supporters
- 10 Mr. Green
- 11 Seasons
- 12 Season by season
- 13 International record
- 14 The road to the six EuroLeague victories
- 15 Friendly games against NBA and Chinese teams
- 16 Season-by-season records
- 17 Notable players
- 18 Head coaches
- 19 Honours and statistics
- 20 Management
- 21 Presidential history
- 22 See also
- 23 References
- 24 External links
Basketball in Greece (1918–1945)
Panathinaikos started as a football club in 1908. In 1919, basketball was still unknown in Greece. During that period Giorgos Kalafatis with other athletes participated in the Inter-Allied Games in Paris and attended basketball games between the Allies of World War I. When he later returned to Greece with the necessary equipment, he set up the Panathinaikos basketball club, led by Apostolos Nikolaidis.
In 1937, Kalafatis managed to create a new Panathinaikos team that, during the following year, tried to catch up with already established clubs like the YMCA, Ethnikos G.S. Athens, Panionios, Aris and Iraklis. Angelos Fillipou, Nikos Mantzaroglou, Litsas and Dimitrakos were the ringleaders of the group and were later joined by Telis Karagiorgos, Thymios Karadimos, Giorgos Bofilios, Philipos Papaikonomou, Petros Polycratis and Nikos Polycratis. During the German occupation that followed, Dimitris Giannatos (founding member of the basketball team) was executed by the Nazis for his resistance action.
Postwar history (1946–1970)
In 1946 (the first post-war championship) and 1947, Panathinaikos emerged champions, with the help of players like Ioannis Lambrou, Missas Pantazopoulos, Stelios Arvanitis (these players would later go on to win the bronze medal in EuroBasket 1949) and Jack Nicolaidis (nephew of Apostolos Nikolaidis).
In 1950 and 1951, Panathinaikos emerged as champions once again with the help of great athletes Faidon Matthaiou (considered the Patriarch of Greek basketball) and Nikos Milas. In 1954, the club would repeat the success, however the next five years would prove fruitless, and the club, despite its strength, would have to be renewed.
In 1961, Panathinaikos won the Greek League championship with new leaders Georgios Vassilakopoulos, Stelios Tavoularis and Petros Panagiotarakos. In 1962, Panathinaikos made the repeat, and was again the Greek League champion. That was also the year that PAO took part for the first time in a European-wide competition, as they faced Hapoel Tel Aviv in the FIBA European Champions Cup 1961–62 season.
On 23 November 1963, Panathinaikos beat Olympiacos, by a score of 90-48, in the Mantellos Cup, a tournament that was later replaced by the Greek Cup, which made its first appearance in 1976.
In 1967, Panathinaikos were crowned Greek League champions, with Giorgos Kolokithas (one of the greatest basketball players of his era) in their ranks. In 1969, the conquest of the Greek League championship was followed by the first European success of the club, the qualification to the semifinals of the FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup 1968–69 season, where they were eliminated by Dinamo Tbilisi. The next year, 1970, PAO was the first Greek basketball team to use a foreign player (Craig Greenwood) in a European game.
The Golden Age (1970–1984)
During this period, Kostas Mourouzis, nicknamed the fox of coaching, managed the team of the 4-K (the young Kontos, Koroneos, Kokolakis and Kefalos). These players, along with Iordanidis, who functioned as a link with older players, won 5 consecutive Greek League championships, and made the greatest accomplishment of their time by participating in the semifinals of the FIBA European Champions Cup 1971–72 season, when they were aided by American Willy Kirkland. Unfortunately, Ignis Varese, one of the giants of the era, proved an insurmountable obstacle for Panathinaikos.
Over the next 4 seasons, Panathinaikos captured the Greek League championship once, in 1977, and also won their first Greek Cup in 1979. They acquired Memos Ioannou in 1974, and Greek-American David Stergakos in 1979 (a player that would contribute greatly to the team in the coming years).
In the five years that followed, Panathinaikos won 4 Greek League championships (1980, 1981, 1982, 1984) and two Greek Cups (1982, 1983). More specifically, in 1982, while coached by Kostas Politis, Panathinaikos succeeded in winning their first Greek double, as well as placing 6th in the FIBA European Champions Cup 1981–82 season. During that season's group stage, Panathinaikos finished ahead of a strong CSKA Moscow team, after winning in the last seconds of a thriller game. The club's last Greek League championship, before the club's decline that followed, was in 1984, when Panathinaikos won the big game title in Corfu, which Liveris Andritsos and Tom Kappos starring for the team.
Panathinaikos had a great chance to avoid their upcoming decline, when they discovered Rony Seikaly, but Greek government bureaucratic problems prevented him from playing in the Greek League as a Greek citizen, despite claims that he was entitled to do so, which ultimately forced him to move to the United States to play college basketball at Syracuse.
The decline of 1985–1992
In 1985, PAO finished in 3rd place in the Greek League. Stergakos, Ioannou, Vidas, Andritsos and Koroneos – who left the following year – were the key players. The balance of the Greek League's power however, had tilted in favour of Aris, and Panathinaikos ceased to be the leader of the league, and were limited to a secondary role. Nevertheless, they remained a worthy adversary. Thus, in 1986, against all odds, they managed to eliminate powerful Aris from the Greek Cup at the semifinal stage. Then Panathinakos went on to beat Olympiacos in the final, and conquered what would be their last title until 1993. During the next 2 seasons, PAO would finish in 5th place In the Greek League (their worst results in many years).
In 1988, the ban on using foreign players in the Greek League was lifted, and Panathinaikos was able to acquire Edgar Jones, from the NBA. He was a capable shooter, scorer and rebounder, and for the next 2 years, he was the star of the team. Although PAO achieved significant wins over the other major Greek teams, they did not manage any notable distinctions. Over the next two years, Antonio Davis, who later made a great career in the NBA, replaced Jones, as the leader of the team. At this point in time, Panathinaikos had also acquired some of the most talented young Greek players (Fragiskos Alvertis, Nikos Oikonomou and Christos Myriounis), but that did not stop them from experiencing the worst period in the history of the club, as they finished 7th in the Greek League in 1991, and dropped to the 8th position in 1992, which left them outside of European-wide play for the first time since 1967.
Return to distinction (1992–1995)
In 1992, the club's basketball department became professional, under the management of the Giannakopoulos family. In the summer of 1992, Panathinaikos attempted a full reconstruction of the team. Nikos Galis, the top Greek basketball player, was acquired by the club, and was flanked by star players Stojko Vranković, Tiit Sokk, and Arijan Komazec. Thus, Galis lead PAO to a Greek Cup win and also to the Greek League championship finals, where they lost despite having home court advantage. In the next season, 1993–94, Galis, along with Sasha Volkov and Stojko Vranković, led Panathinaikos to a 3rd-place finish at the 1994 FIBA European League Final Four, which was the highest finish in the club's history. Although they did not manage to win the title.
The 1994–95 season started with the best conditions, as the club acquired Panagiotis Giannakis and Žarko Paspalj. PAO was again the favourite for all domestic titles. The club started by eliminating Olympiacos from the Greek Cup in a very tough game, before the start of the Greek League championship. However, after the first games of the Greek League, Nikos Galis, the player that had led PAO in the Greek Cup game against Olympiacos, and also in the decisive game of the FIBA European League's 1994–95 season qualifiers, ended his professional basketball playing career. As a consequence, the team, despite playing some great games, only managed to retain the 3rd-place finish in Europe, and make the Greek League finals.
European, Intercontinental and Greek Champions (1996–1999)
During the years 1996–98, Panathinaikos fulfilled all of their objectives by winning the FIBA European League championship, the FIBA Intercontinental Cup and the Greek League championship (in that order).
In 1996, the expectations of the team had risen a lot, as it was imperative for Panathinaikos to obtain a significant title. In the summer of 1995, they acquired the nine-time NBA All-Star, Dominique Wilkins, one of the top American players that ever played in Europe. The head coach of the team was Božidar Maljković. The former, along with Giannakis, Vranković, Alvertis, and Patavoukas, comprised a very experienced team, which, in 1996, managed an unprecedented success for Greek basketball. Indeed, in April 1996, at the Paris Final Four, Panathinaikos became the first Greek team to lift the FIBA European League championship (now called the EuroLeague), by beating Banca Catalana FC Barcelona in the tournament's final, by a score of 67–66. Back in Greece, right after the big win in Paris, Panathinaikos was not able to clinch the Greek League title, after again losing the title to Olympiacos.
In the next season, Maljković removed all the stars from the roster, in an attempt to assemble a squad based on teamwork. With the start of the season, Panathinaikos was crowned 1996 FIBA Intercontinental Cup champion, by prevailing by 2–1 wins in a 3-game series over Olimpia of Venado Tuerto, the South American League champions. Unfortunately, the restructuring of the team failed, and Panathinaikos failed to participate in the 1997 FIBA EuroLeague Final Four, in order to defend their European title. Moreover, they finished in 5th place in the Greek League championship, thus losing the right to participate in next season's EuroLeague.
In the next season, Slobodan Subotić assumed head coaching leadership of the club, and convinced Dino Rađja to come to Panathinaikos. The huge transfer of Radja was accompanied by three-time NBA champion Byron Scott and Fanis Christodoulou, and with the help of Alvertis, Oikonomou, and Koch, Panathinaikos finally won the Greek League again, after 14 years.
In the summer of 1998 Panathinaikos chairman Pavlos Giannakopoulos began assembling a team to conquer Europe. In order to achieve that, he signed the 1998 FIBA World Cup MVP, Dejan Bodiroga, while Nando Gentile, Pat Burke and Nikos Boudouris also joined the team. The 1998–99 season proved very important for Panathinaikos, as Olympiacos, who had gained home court advantage in the Greek League playoffs, were prepared to return to the top. It was at the last game of the Greek League finals, when Panathinaikos achieved one of the most decisive away victories against their rivals, capturing the title.
Obradović era (1999–2012)
The arrival of Željko Obradović to Panathinaikos, during summer 1999, marked the beginning of an extraordinary period for the club, with many major successes, and the establishment of the team as one of the strongest in the history of European club basketball.
The first thing that Obradović did, was to adapt the team to Dejan Bodiroga, who was the absolute leader of Panathinaikos. As a result of the success of his strategy, PAO managed to capture 2 EuroLeague titles (2000, 2002,) after 3 consecutive EuroLeague Finals appearances (2000–2002), and also won 3 consecutive Greek League championships (1999–2001). In 2000, at the Thessaloniki EuroLeague Final Four, Panathinaikos became EuroLeague champions for the second time, after beating Macabbi Elite Tel Aviv, 73–67, in the final. In 2002, in Bologna, at the 2002 EuroLeague Final Four, Panathinaikos won the most prestigious European trophy for the third time, after beating hosts Kinder Bologna, by the score of 89–83, in the final.
Nevertheless, in this period they failed to win the Greek Cup, even though they played in two Greek Cup finals. Rebrača, Gentile, Middleton, Alvertis, Kattash, Kutluay, and Fotsis were some of the team's players who excelled during these years. The dominance in the Greek League was finally interrupted in 2002, the year that PAO won their 3rd EuroLeague championship. Also, at the end of the year, there were many significant changes in the team, starting with the withdrawal of Bodiroga, making a renewal of the team's roster an imperative.
2002–03 was the year that Obradović used to restructure Panathinaikos, and return them to the top of Greece. He emphatically achieved this objective by leading the team to 9 straight Greek League championships (2003–11), with 6 doubles in Greece, and 2 triple crowns (i.e. Greek double plus EuroLeague champions) in the following years, thus creating a dynasty. Panathinaikos had radically changed the style of their game, after replacing Bodiroga. The game contribution of the Serbian player was replaced by an unprecedented model of teamwork, that proved that a superstar was unnecessary. Players such as Lakovič, Alvertis, Diamantidis, Fotsis, Tsartsaris, Batiste, and later Spanoulis, Šiškauskas, and Jasikevičius, who played not for themselves, but for the maximum success of the team, led to the transformation of PAO, into a title-winning machine, that was not hampered by irreplaceable players, and this quality was widely recognized.
At the 2007 EuroLeague Final Four, which was held on their home court of OAKA, in Athens, Panathinaikos became EuroLeague champions for the fourth time, after beating the defending champions at the time, CSKA Moscow, by a score of 93–91 in the final.
The same teams (PAO and CSKA), competed in the final of the 2009 EuroLeague Final Four in Berlin, where Panathinaikos won the trophy again, for the fifth time in their history. The score was 73–71. On 14 December 2009, Panathinaikos was voted the top Greek sports team of 2009, by the Greek Sports Journalists Association, with 1,291 votes. In addition, head coach Želimir Obradović, was voted the top coach, with 1,399 votes.
At the 2011 EuroLeague Final Four in Barcelona, Panathinaikos, after a great performance by Calathes in the semifinal against Montepaschi Siena (17 points, 6 rebounds, 2 steals), won 77–69, and reached the EuroLeague Final against Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv. In the final, the "Great Club" won its sixth EuroLeague title, by holding off Maccabi, by a score of 78-70.
Post-Obradović period (2012–present)
After the departure of Obradović, Panathinaikos' new head coach, Argiris Pedoulakis, was forced to make massive changes to the team, with 12 new players being added to the roster, including James Gist, Roko Ukić, and NBA players Jason Kapono and Marcus Banks. Team captains Dimitris Diamantidis and Kostas Tsartsaris led the rebuilding effort for the Greens, who reached the EuroLeague quarterfinals, only to fall to FC Barcelona Regal in a 5-game series. Panathinaikos won their 14th Greek Cup, by beating Olympiacos in the final, with a three-point difference (81-78). During the same year, Panathinaikos was able to break Olympiacos' home court twice in the Greek League Finals, thus conquering the Greek League championship for the 33rd time in the club's history.
Since Dimitris Giannakopoulos first became the chairman of Panathinaikos, he repeatedly attempted to secure marketing deals with Asian corporations. The first step was made when Panathinaikos announced that they had signed Chinese basketball player Shang Ping. This deal made Panathinaikos the first European club to have a Chinese player on its roster. On 12 September 2013, Panathinaikos landed at the airport of Guangzhou, becoming the first European team to make a trip to China via airline. On 13 September 2013, Panathinaikos wrote European history once again, in less than two days, becoming the first European team to ever face a Chinese Basketball Association (CBA) team. In addition, Panathinaikos became the first European team to win against a Chinese team, the Foshan Dralions, with a score of 66-67.
On 8 March 2014, due to the fans' dissatisfaction with the team's bad record in the EuroLeague, the replacement of the team's head coach, Argiris Pedoulakis, was announced. It was also announced that the team would go to the Greek League Finals under the guidance of the club's legend, Fragiskos Alvertis, who would serve as an interim caretaker coach. After the conquest of another Greek double by beating Olympiacos, Panathinaikos announced the recruitment of Duško Ivanović, to be their new head coach.
On 5 April 2015, Panathinaikos beat Apollon Patras, in the final of the Greek Cup, with a score of 53-68. Earlier in the cup competition, the team had to overcome the obstacles of Olympiacos and PAOK. Panathinaikos made the EuroLeague playoffs. In Greek League, Panathinaikos lost to Olympiacos in the finals, 0-3.
On 30 June 2015, Sasha Đjorđjević was announced by the team, as the club's new head coach. Panathinaikos was able to sign Greek point guard Nick Calathes, and Serbian center Miroslav Raduljica. The debut of the team was dreamy, as on 8 October 2015, Panathinaikos beat and eliminated Olympiacos, in an away match for the Greek Basketball Cup, by a score of 64-70. On 6 March 2016, Panathinaikos won the Greek Cup for the 17th time in the club's history, and for the 5th straight season, with a record score of 101-52 against the Greek 2nd Division club, Faros Keratsiniou.
On 19 April 2016, Sasha Đjorđjević was replaced by Argyris Pedoulakis, who once again took over the team's head coaching position. Despite that, the team lost against Olympiacos in the finals of the Greek League, with a 1-3 series loss.
With the retirement of Dimitris Diamantidis, Panathinaikos turned over to a new page in the club's history. This led the team to increase its budget, and to obtain players such as Mike James, K.C. Rivers, Chris Singleton, and Ioannis Bourousis. Many sponsorship deals were also achieved at the same time, as well as the deal that made OPAP, Greece's biggest betting firm, the team's main sponsor. The appointment of Xavi Pascual as the team's head coach for three years, started a new era for the club.
The next two seasons, 2016/17 and 2017/18, Panathinaikos with coach Xavi Pascual managed to win two back-to-back Greek Basket League Championships against Olympiacos, and the 2017 Greek Basketball Cup against Aris. They also made it to the EuroLeague playoffs, where they faced each year's upcoming champions (Fenerbahce in 2017, and Real Madrid in 2018) and eliminated from the EuroLeague Final Four both times. In the fifth Greek Basket League Championship final of 2017, Panathinaikos defeated Olympiacos in their home court, to win the Greek Championship after two years, winning the series with 3-2. The next year, Panathinaikos managed to be the only team in Europe to finish the regular season of their domestic championship undefeated. They remained undefeated until the finals, where they met Olympiacos again, and won the series once more with 3-2.
After two and a half seasons, Panathinaikos parted ways with coach Xavi Pascual, on 20 December 2018. Pasqual paid the price for the teams' poor performance and losing streak in 2018/2019 EuroLeague. Georgios Vovoras served as Panathinaikos' interim head coach for the second time in his career, as the club agreed with Hall-Of-Famer Rick Pitino to be the team's new head coach, until the end of the 2018/2019 season. With coach Pitino on the bench, Panathinaikos transformed into a different team and managed to make an impressive comeback to the EuroLeague, finishing in the sixth place ang getting into the playoffs. There, they faced once again the champions, Real Madrid, and eliminated from the EuroLeague Final Four. The season ended with Panathinaikos winning both the Greek Cup beating PAOK in the Cup Final, and the Greek Basket League Championship sweeping 3-0 Promitheas in the League Finals.
Panathinaikos made an offer to coach Pitino, and although he was willing to stay in Greece for the next season, a family matter occurred, so he had to return home. On June 24, 2019, Panathinaikos signed a two-year contract with Greek coach Argyris Pedoulakis once again, being the team's head coach for the third time in seven years.
Despite the difficulties that followed Obradović's departure and the changes in the team's roster and the team's finances, Panathinaikos is the only team in Europe that manages to win at least one title every season, for 24 consecutive seasons, since 1996.
Panathinaikos hold a major long-term rivalry with Olympiacos, and matches between the two teams are referred to as the "Derby of the eternal enemies". Panathinaikos is the most successful basketball club in Greece, with Olympiacos being runners-up. For the eternal enemies are the most traditional basketball powers, as they have been fighting in the top level of the Greek basketball scene longer than any other team.
Panathinaikos used to hold a minor rivalry with Aris, mostly during the 1980s, when Panathinaikos and Aris were the two biggest dynasties in Greek basketball at the time. They also hold a minor rivalry with AEK and PAOK, not for on-court dominance but mostly due to the fanbase of the clubs involved. None of the above rivalries can even be compared to the huge and manifold rivalry with Olympiacos, though.
Note: Flags indicate national team eligibility at FIBA sanctioned events. Players may hold other non-FIBA nationality not displayed.
Updated: 6 October 2019
|Pos.||Starting 5||Bench 1||Bench 2||Bench 3|
|C||Georgios Papagiannis||Jacob Wiley||Ian Vougioukas|
|PF||Deshaun Thomas||Dinos Mitoglou||Ben Bentil|
|SF||Wesley Johnson||Ioannis Papapetrou|
|SG||Jimmer Fredette||Rion Brown||Nikos Pappas||Kostas Papadakis|
|PG||Nick Calathes||Tyrese Rice||Ioannis Athinaiou|
|Panathinaikos retired numbers|
|1||Dedicated to the fans of the team and Gate 13|
|4||Fragiskos Alvertis||SF||1990–2009||11 October 2009|
|13||Dimitris Diamantidis||PG||2004–2016||17 September 2016|
Squad changes for the 2019–20 season
|17 June 2019||PF/C||Jacob Wiley||CB Gran Canaria|
|25 June 2019||SG/PG||Marcus Denmon||Zhejiang Golden Bulls|
|1 July 2019||PG||Tyrese Rice||Brose Bamberg|
|15 July 2019||SG/PG||Jimmer Fredette||Phoenix Suns|
|17 July 2019||PF/C||Ben Bentil||Peristeri|
|19 July 2019||SG/SF||Rion Brown||Promitheas Patras|
|22 July 2019||SF/SG||Wesley Johnson||Free agent|
|12 August 2019||PG/SG||Ioannis Athinaiou||Free agent|
|17 June 2019||PG||Lukas Lekavičius||Žalgiris Kaunas|
|17 June 2019||SG||Keith Langford||AEK|
|1 July 2019||SF/SG||Matt Lojeski||Tofaş|
|1 July 2019||SG||Sean Kilpatrick||Free agent|
|2 July 2019||SG/PG||Michalis Lountzis||Lavrio Megabolt|
|7 July 2019||SF||Thanasis Antetokounmpo||Milwaukee Bucks|
|8 July 2019||PF/C||James Gist||Crvena zvezda|
|28 August 2019||SG/PG||Georgios Kalaitzakis||→ BC Nevėžis (on loan)|
- Winners (37) (record): 1945–46, 1946–47, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1953–54, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1966–67, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1983–84, 1997–98, 1998–99, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2002–03, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19
- Runners-up (11): 1952–53, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1977–78, 1982–83, 1992–93, 1994–95, 1995–96, 2011–12, 2014–15, 2015–16
- Winners (19) (record): 1978–79, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1985–86, 1992–93, 1995–96, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16, 2016–17, 2018–19
- Runners-up (5): 1984–85, 1999–00, 2000–01, 2009–10, 2010–11
- Winners (6): 1995–96, 1999–00, 2001–02, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2010–11
- Runners-up (1): 2000–01
- Semifinalists (1): 1971–72
- 3rd place (3): 1993–94, 1994–95, 2004–05
- 4th place (1): 2011–12
- Final Four (11): 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012
- FIBA Saporta Cup (defunct)
- Winners (1): 1996
- FIBA International Christmas Tournament (defunct)
- Winners (1): 1999
Individual club awards
- Winners (11) (record): 1981–82, 2002–03, 2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2016–17, 2018–19
- Winners (2): 2006–07, 2008–09
Crest and colours
The trifolium is the emblem of the team; a symbol of harmony, unity, nature and good luck. The main colours of the team, since its foundation, are green and white (green for health and nature, such as physiolatry, and white for virtue). Alternative colours also used include black, lime, dark blue/purple uniforms, and elements of golden yellow.
Since 1992, the year in which the club's basketball department became professional, Panathinaikos B.C. uses its own logo.
Sponsors and Manufacturers
Since 1982, Panathinaikos has a specific kit manufacturer and a kit sponsor. The following tables detail the shirt sponsors and kit suppliers by year:
|Period||Kit supplier||Shirt sponsor|
- Great Shirt Sponsor: Pame Stoixima
- Official Sport Clothing Manufacturer: Adidas
- Official Sponsor: OTE, Cosmote, Mercedes-Benz, Toyo Tires, Coca-Cola 3E, Vianex S.A., Salonpas
- Official Broadcaster: Cosmote TV
- Official Supporter: G.Papadogamvros clothes, Direction Business Network, onsports.gr
- Official Health Care Service Provider: Hygeia Medical Center
- Academies Sponsor: Microsoft, Xbox, LG Hellas, Hellenic Seaways, BP Ultimate
Panathinaikos' long-time home court is the O.A.K.A., which is the largest indoor venue in Greece. It is located in Marousi, and is a part of the Athens Olympic Sports Complex. The venue was completed in 1995, and renovated for the 2004 Summer Olympics. It is considered to be one of the biggest and most modern indoor sports arenas in all of Europe. The seating capacity for basketball games is 18,989, however, the arena can hold up to a capacity of 20,000.
The team, which is famous for its fans' passionate support, also set a record (broken in 2009), for the highest home game attendance in the history of the EuroLeague, which was 20,000 fans, achieved at a home game in OAKA, against Benetton Treviso, on 29 March 2006, during the second phase of the 2005–06 EuroLeague.
An attendance of 18,900 fans has also been achieved three times in the EuroLeague, in home games of the Greens, against Efes Pilsen in 2005, and TAU Cerámica (twice) in 2006. While PAO no longer holds the record for largest EuroLeague home crowd, it still holds the honor of being involved in the record attendance game. PAO was the opponent of Partizan Belgrade, when it drew 22,567 fans to Belgrade Arena, during a 2008–09 EuroLeague game. Τhe EuroLeague attendance record was then broken again by Panathinaikos, on 18 April 2013, on the season's 4th EuroLeague game (2012–13 EuroLeague) against FC Barcelona. It was estimated that the number of viewers reached 30,000 (over 25,000 officially). However, the EuroLeague does not officially recognize that as the all-time attendance record, since the number of fans in the arena, went over the arena's normal seating capacity.
"Mr. Green" is the official mascot of Panathinaikos B.C. "Born" in 2006, he is a green muscular basketball player, with a basketball as a head. He wears a jersey with the number "08", which is a reference to 1908, the year Panathinaikos was founded. Creating Mr. Green took a good part of a month, since he is made out of material commonly being used in the Hollywood motion pictures industry for the construction of movie costumes, such as the ones for Batman, Spiderman and other American movies characters. He entertains fans of all ages during game breaks, gives away presents, and participates in all entertainment events inside the court. Mr. Green partakes in each and every game hosted by the team at OAKA, while he always stands by the children, participating in social responsibility events. He has also participated in five All Star Games.
- Scroll down to see more.
Season by season
|Season||Tier||League||Pos.||Greek Cup||European competitions||GBL
|1968–69||1||GBL||2 Winners' Cup|
|1970–71||1||GBL||2 Winners' Cup|
|1976–77||1||GBL||Semifinalist||3 Korać Cup|
|1978–79||1||GBL||Semifinalist||1 Korać Cup|
|1983–84||1||GBL||Semifinalist||2 Winners' Cup|
|1985–86||1||GBL||Winners||2 Winners' Cup|
|1986–87||1||GBL||Last 16||2 Winners' Cup|
|1987–88||1||GBL||Last 16||3 Korać Cup|
|1988–89||1||GBL||Semifinalist||3 Korać Cup|
|1989–90||1||GBL||Quarterfinalist||3 Korać Cup|
|1990–91||1||GBL||Semifinalist||3 Korać Cup|
|1991–92||1||GBL||Semifinalist||3 Korać Cup|
|1993–94||1||GBL||Last 16||1 EuroLeague|
|1997–98||1||GBL||Semifinalist||2 Saporta Cup|
|2003–04||1||GBL||Last 32||1 Euroleague|
|1971–72||Semi-finals||eliminated by Ignis Varese, 78–70 (W) in Athens, 55–69 (L) in Varese|
|1981–82||Semi-final group stage||6th place in a group with Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv, Squibb Cantù, Partizan, FC Barcelona and Nashua EBBC|
|1993–94||Final four||3rd place in Tel Aviv, lost to Olympiacos 72–77 in the semi-final, defeated Banca Catalana FC Barcelona 100–83 in the 3rd place game|
|1994–95||Final four||3rd place in Zaragoza, lost to Olympiacos 52–58 in the semi-final, defeated Limoges CSP 91–77 in the 3rd place game|
|1995–96||Champions||defeated CSKA Moscow 81–71 in the semi-final, defeated Banca Catalana FC Barcelona 67–66 in the final of the Final Four in Paris|
|1996–97||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2–0 by Olympiacos, 49–69 (L) in Athens, 57–65 (L) in Piraeus|
|1999–00||Champions||defeated Efes Pilsen 81-71 in the semi-final, defeated Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv 73–67 in the final of the Final Four in Thessaloniki|
|2000–01||Final||defeated Efes Pilsen 74-66 in the semi-final, lost to Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv 67-81 in the Final Paris|
|2001–02||Champions||defeated Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv 83-75 in the semi-final, defeated Kinder Bologna 89–83 in the final of the Final Four in Bologna|
|2004–05||Final four||3rd place in Moscow, lost to Maccabi Elite Tel Aviv 82-91 in the semi-final, defeated CSKA Moscow 94-91 in the 3rd place game|
|2005–06||Quarter-finals||eliminated 2-1 by Tau Cerámica, 84–72 (W) in Athens, 79–85 (L) in Vitoria-Gasteiz, 71–74 (L) in Athens|
|2006–07||Champions||defeated Tau Cerámica 67-53 in the semi-final, defeated CSKA Moscow 93–91 in the final of the Final Four in Athens|
|2008–09||Champions||defeated Olympiacos 84-82 in the semi-final, defeated CSKA Moscow 73–71 in the final of the Final Four in Berlin|
|2010–11||Champions||defeated Montepaschi Siena 77-69 in the semi-final, defeated Maccabi Electra Tel Aviv 70–78 in the final of the Final Four in Barcelona|
|2011–12||Final four||4th place in Istanbul, lost to CSKA Moscow 64-66 in the semi-final, lost to FC Barcelona Regal 69-74 in the 3rd place game|
|2012–13||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-2 by FC Barcelona Regal, 70–72 (L) & 66-65 (W) in Barcelona, 65–63 (W) & 60-70 (L) in Athens and 53–63 (L) in ...|
|2013–14||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-2 by CSKA Moscow, 74-77 (L) & 51-77 (L) in Moscow, 65-59 (W) & 73-72 (W) in Athens and 44-74 (L) in Moscow|
|2014–15||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-1 by CSKA Moscow, 66-93 (L) & 80-100 (L) in Moscow, 86-85 (W) & 55-74 (L) in Athens|
|2015–16||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-0 by Laboral Kutxa, 68-84 (L) & 78-82 (L) in Vitoria-Gasteiz, 75-84 (L) in Athens|
|2016–17||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-0 by Fenerbahçe, 58-71 (L) & 75-80 (L) in Athens, 61-79 (L) in Istanbul|
|2017–18||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-1 by Real Madrid, 95-67 (W) & 82-89 (L) in Athens, 74-81 (L) & 82-89 (L) in Madrid|
|2018–19||Quarter-finals||eliminated 3-0 by Real Madrid, 72-75 (L) & 63-78 (L) in Madrid, 82-89 (L) in Athens|
|FIBA Saporta Cup|
|1968–69||Semi-finals||eliminated by Dinamo Tbilisi, 81–67 (W) in Athens, 71–103 (L) in Tbilisi|
|1979–80||Quarter-finals||3rd place in a group with Gabetti Cantù, Parker Leiden and Caen|
|1983–84||Quarter-finals||3rd place in a group with Real Madrid, Scavolini Pesaro and Rudá hvězda Pardubice|
|1997–98||Semi-finals||eliminated by Stefanel Milano, 77–58 (W) in Athens, 61–86 (L) in Milan|
|FIBA Intercontinental Cup|
|1996||Champions||defeated 2–1 Olimpia, 83-89 (L) in Venado Tuerto, 83-78 (W) and 101-76 (W) in Athens|
The road to the six EuroLeague victories
Less significant European successes
Panathinaikos has advanced to the Final Four of the EuroLeague (and its predecessor) another five times: Tel Aviv in 1994 (3rd), Zaragoza in 1995 (3rd), Paris in 2001 (2nd), Moscow in 2005 (3rd), and Istanbul in 2012 (4th). Other significant successes are: the two appearances in the semifinals of the FIBA Cup Winners' Cup (1968–69, 1997–98), as well as the road to the semifinals of the FIBA European Champions' Cup in the 1971–72 season (eliminated by Ignis Varese (78–70, 55–69). In the 1981–82 season, Panathinaikos participated in the semifinals of the FIBA European Champions' Cup, after eliminating the teams of CSKA Moscow and Levski-Spartak, in that order.
Friendly games against NBA and Chinese teams
Panathinaikos has twice made a tour of the United States, for friendly games. In 2003, when they played against the NBA team the Toronto Raptors, and in 2007. On 11 October 2007, Panathinaikos played against the NBA's Houston Rockets, and on 18 October 2007, they played against the defending NBA champions at the time, the San Antonio Spurs.
Panathinaikos has also twice made a tour in China for friendly games. In 2013, when they played against Foshan Long Lions. On 28 September 2015, Panathinaikos played against Zhejiang Lions, and on 30 September 2015, they played against the Guangdong Tigers.
15 September 2013
28 September 2015
Listed as Green Legends in Panathinaikos B.C. site:
- Faidon Matthaiou (1949–1955)
- Giorgos Kolokithas (1966–1973)
- Takis Koroneos (1968–1986, 1989–90)
- Chris Kefalos (1969–1978)
- Dimitris Kokolakis (1969–1983)
- Apostolos Kontos (1969–1983)
- Memos Ioannou (1974–1990)
- David Stergakos (1978–1991)
- Fragiskos Alvertis (1990–2009)
- Antonio Davis (1990–92)
- Nikos Galis (1992–94)
- Stojan Vranković (1992–96)
- Dominique Wilkins (1995–96)
- Byron Scott (1997–98)
- Dejan Bodiroga (1998–2002)
- Željko Rebrača (1999–2001)
- Darryl Middleton (2000–2005)
Mentioned by Panathinaikos B.C. as players who have left their mark in basketball history:
- Takis Koroneos (1983–1985)
- Memos Ioannou (1985–1990)
- David Stergakos (1990–1991)
- Liveris Andritsos (1991–1992)
- Nikos Galis (1992–1994)
- Panagiotis Giannakis (1994–1996)
- Nikos Oikonomou (1996–1997)
- Kostas Patavoukas (1997–1999)
- Fragiskos Alvertis (1999–2009)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2009–2016)
- Nick Calathes (2016–present)
- Missas Pantazopoulos (1945–1951)
- Nikos Milas (1960–1961, 1963–1965, 1975–1976)
- Kostas Mourouzis (1966–1974, 1986–1987)
- Richard Dukeshire (1974–1975)
- Michalis Kyritsis (1978, 1983–1986, 1988–1989, 1997)
- Kostas Politis (1978–1982, 1993–1994)
- Željko Pavličević (1991–1993)
- Efthimis Kioumourtzoglou (1994–1995)
- Božidar Maljković (1995–1997)
- Slobodan Subotić (1997–1999)
- Željko Obradović (1999–2012)
- Argyris Pedoulakis (2012–2014, 2016, 2019–present)
- Duško Ivanović (2014–2015)
- Sasha Đjorđjević (2015–2016)
- Xavi Pascual (2016–2018)
- Rick Pitino (2018–2019)
Honours and statistics
|Champions without a loss||4 times (1945–46, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1953–54)|
|Champions in a row||9 seasons (2002–2003, 2003–2004, 2004–2005, 2005–2006, 2006–2007, 2007–2008, 2008–2009, 2009–2010, 2010–2011)|
|Best regular season record in A1 GBL||26-0 (2017-18)|
|Best playoffs record in A1 GBL||8-0 (2005–06, 2012–13)|
|Best regular season & playoffs record in A1 GBL||34-2 (2017–18)|
|Biggest win in a Greek Cup final||101-54 (vs Faros Keratsiniou, 2015–16)|
|Greek Cup Winners in a row||6 seasons (2011 to 2017)|
|Most points in a EuroLeague game||123 points (vs Chorale Roanne, 2007–08)|
Top players in games, points, rebounds and assists in the A1 Division (since the 1986–87 season)
Panathinaikos team leaders in games played, points scored, and rebounds, in games played in the Greek A1 Division, since it was first formed, starting with the 1986–87 season.
- * Still active player with the team.
- As of 15 June 2019:
Rank Player Games 1 Fragiskos Alvertis 534 2 Dimitris Diamantidis 397 3 Antonis Fotsis 354 4 Kostas Tsartsaris 345 5 Mike Batiste 303 6 Nikos Oikonomou 268 7 Nick Calathes * 234 8 Georgios Kalaitzis 221 9 Nikos Chatzivrettas 204 10 James Gist 191 11 Argyris Papapetrou 169 Rank Player Points 1 Fragiskos Alvertis 4,698 2 Dimitris Diamantidis 3,928 3 Mike Batiste 2,950 4 Kostas Tsartsaris 2,316 5 Dejan Bodiroga 2,285 6 Nikos Oikonomou 2,207 7 Antonis Fotsis 2,089 8 Liveris Andritsos 2,088 9 Nick Calathes * 1,977 10 Jaka Lakovič 1,596 11 Nikos Galis 1,586 12 James Gist 1,543 13 Nikos Chatzivrettas 1,507 14 Stojan Vranković 1,497 Rank Player Rebounds 1 Stojan Vranković 1,851 2 Mike Batiste 1,501 3 Kostas Tsartsaris 1,392 4 Dimitris Diamantidis 1,356 5 Antonis Fotsis 1,239 6 Fragiskos Alvertis 1,214 Rank Player Assists 1 Dimitris Diamantidis 1,728 2 Nick Calathes * 1,166 3 Vassilis Spanoulis 469 4 Dejan Bodiroga 436 5 Fragiskos Alvertis 408 6 Nikos Galis 402 7 Georgios Kalaitzis 385 8 Šarūnas Jasikevičius 370 9 Jaka Lakovič 359
|Fragiskos Alvertis||Small forward||1990||2009|
- Fragiskos Alvertis
- Dejan Bodiroga
- Nikos Galis
- Panagiotis Giannakis
- Šarūnas Jasikevičius
- Božidar Maljković
- Željko Obradović
- Dino Rađja
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2007)
- Dominique Wilkins (1995–96)
- Željko Rebrača (1999–00)
- Dejan Bodiroga (2001–02)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2006–07, 2010–11)
- Vassilis Spanoulis (2008–09)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2004–05, 2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2010–11)
- Stéphane Lasme (2012–13)
- Nikos Galis (1993–94)
- Dejan Bodiroga (1998–99)
- Željko Rebrača (1999–00)
- Fragiskos Alvertis (2002–03)
- Jaka Lakovič (2004–05)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2010–11, 2013–14)
- Vassilis Spanoulis (2008–09)
- Mike Batiste (2009–10)
- Stéphane Lasme (2012–13)
- Nick Calathes (2016–17, 2017–18, 2018–19)
- Dino Rađja (1997–98)
- Dejan Bodiroga (1998–99, 1999–00)
- Željko Rebrača (2000–01)
- Jaka Lakovič (2002–03, 2004–05)
- Nikos Chatzivrettas (2003–04)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08, 2008–09, 2013–14)
- Mike Batiste (2009–10)
- Stéphane Lasme (2012–13)
- Dominique Wilkins (1995–96)
- Željko Rebrača (1999–00)
- Fragiskos Alvertis (2002–03)
- Jaka Lakovič (2004–05)
- Kostas Tsartsaris (2005–06, 2006–07, 2007–08)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2008–09, 2015–16)
- Šarūnas Jasikevičius (2011–12)
- Roko Ukić (2012–13)
- Ramel Curry (2013–14)
- Loukas Mavrokefalidis (2014–15)
- James Feldeine (2016–17)
- Nick Calathes (2018-19)
- Giorgos Kolokithas (1965–66, 1966–67)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2010–11)
- Stéphane Lasme (2012–13, 2013–14)
- Nick Calathes (2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18)
- Nikos Galis (1992–93, 1993–94)
- Byron Dinkins (1995–96)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2005–06, 2006–07, 2009–10, 2010–11, 2014-15)
- Vassilis Spanoulis (2007–08)
- Nick Calathes (2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18)
- Željko Obradović (2006–07, 2008–09, 2010–11)
- Argyris Pedoulakis (2012–13)
- Xavi Pascual (2016-17, 2017-18)
- Kostas Tsartsaris (2003-04)
- Dimitris Diamantidis (2004-05, 2005-06, 2006-07, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2012-13, 2013-14, 2015-16)
- Jaka Lakovič (2004-05)
- Vassilis Spanoulis (2004-05, 2005-06, 2007-08, 2008-09)
- Ramūnas Šiškauskas (2006-07)
- Mike Batiste (2006-07, 2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)
- Šarūnas Jasikevičius (2008-09)
- Nikola Peković (2008-09)
- Drew Nicholas (2009-10)
- Stéphane Lasme (2012-13, 2013-14)
- Jonas Mačiulis (2013-14)
- Loukas Mavrokefalidis (2014-15)
- Nick Calathes (2016-17, 2017-18)
- Chris Singleton (2016-17, 2017-18)
Ownership & Current Board
|Academies Director||Fragiskos Alvertis|
|General Coach||Kostas Tsartsaris|
|General Coach||Georgios Kalaitzis|
|2003–2012||Pavlos Giannakopoulos |
- "1921-Greek Champion". Paobc.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- Panathinaikos – Welcome to EUROLEAGUE BASKETBALL, euroleague.net, accessed 4 January 2011.
- "Greek Cup, Final: February 10, 2013". Euroleague.net. 10 February 2013.
- "Λύση της συνεργασίας με τον Α. Πεδουλάκη". Paobc.gr.
- "Ανακοίνωση ΚΑΕ Παναθηναϊκός ΟΠΑΠ". Paobc.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Panathinaikos ends Pascual era on bench". Euroleague.net. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Panathinaikos parts ways with Xavi Pascual". Eurohoops.net. 20 December 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Deal with Rick Pitino". Paobc.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- Rick Pitino: I’d probably return to Greece if it wasn’t for some personal issues
- Panathinaikos announces the agreement with coach Argyris Pedoulakis
- "Nick Calathes". NBA.
- "A farewell to Fragiskos "Frankie" Alvertis". Euroleague.net. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Diamantidis' jersey retired". Eurohoops.net. 17 September 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Ομάδα - Ε.Σ.Α.Κ.Ε." Esake.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Πρωταθλητές". Esake.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "Greek cup Titles By Team". Hellenic Basketball Federation. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
- "Euroleague Titles By Team". euroleague.net. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- Το πράσινο αλμανάκ με τις φανέλες του Παναθηναϊκού Archived 29 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- "Athens Olympic Sports Hall (OAKA)". Stadia.gr. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- Fragiskos Alvertis interview 20,000 fans at OAKA for PAO versus Benetton Treviso. (in Greek) Archived 3 May 2007 at Archive.today
- "Partizan sets crowd record at Belgrade Arena!". Euroleague.net. 5 March 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2009.
- Mr. Green
- "NBA.com: Panathinaikos at Spurs Boxscore". Nba.com. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
- "NBA.com: Panathinaikos at Rockets Boxscore". Nba.com.
- History • Green Legends, Panathinaikos BC site
- History • Trophy case, Panathinaikos BC site