Pala dynasty (Kamarupa)

The Pala dynasty of Kamarupa kingdom ruled from 900 CE. Like the Pala Empire of Bengal, the first ruler in this dynasty was elected, which probably explains the name of this dynasty "Pala". But unlike the Palas of Bengal, who were Buddhists, the Palas of Kamarupa were Hindus. The Hindu orthodoxy drew their lineage from the earlier Varman dynasty and thus ultimately from Narakasura i.e. Bhauma dynasty.

Kamarupa Kingdom

900 CE–1100 CE
CapitalHarruppeshvar (present-day Tezpur),
Durjaya (present-day North Guwahati),
Kamarupanagara (present-day North Guwahati)
• c. 900 - c. 920
Brahma Pala
• c. 920 – c. 960
Ratna Pala
• c. 960 – c. 990
Indra Pala
• c. 990 – 1015
Go Pala
• c. 1015 – c. 1035
Harsha Pala
• c. 1035 – c. 1060
Dharma Pala
• c. 1075 – c. 1100
Jaya Pala
Historical eraClassical India
• Established
900 CE
• Disestablished
1100 CE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mlechchha dynasty
Kachari kingdom
Chutiya kingdom
Khen dynasty
Ahom dynasty

The Pala dynasty came to an end when Kamarupa was invaded by the Gaur king Ramapala (c. 1072-1126). Timgyadeva was made the governor of Kamarupa who ruled between 1110 and 1126. Timgyadeva threw off the yoke of the Pala king and ruled independently for some years when he was attacked and replaced by Vaidyadeva under Ramapala's son Kumarapala. Vaidyadeva, who ruled between 1126 and 1140, declared independence within four years of his rule after the death of Kumarapala. Both Timgyadeva and Vaidyadeva issued grants in the style of the Kamarupa kings (three copper plates attached to the seal of the Kamarupa kings by a ring). The work of the pala dynasty of Kamarupa is reflected in the Madan Kamdev sculpture.



  • Sircar, D. C. The Bhauma-Naraka or the Pala Dynasty of Brahmapala, The Comprehensive History of Assam, ed H. K. Barpujari, Guwahati, 1990.