The location of Germany
An enlargeable map of the Federal Republic of Germany

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Germany:

Germany – federal parliamentary republic in western-central Europe consisting of 16 constituent states, which retain limited sovereignty. Its capital and largest city is Berlin. With more than 80 million inhabitants, it is the most populous member state in the European Union. Germany is a major economic and political power of the European continent and a historic leader in many cultural, theoretical and technical fields. After losing World War I, Germany fell under the control of Adolf Hitler, who started World War II. After losing World War II, Germany was divided into East Germany and West Germany, each on opposite sides in the Cold War. In October 1990, after the Cold War ended, the country was reunified. Germany has since grown to become the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP.

General referenceEdit

An enlargeable basic map of Germany

Geography of GermanyEdit

An enlargeable topographic map of Germany

Geography of Germany is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea; to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi) and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate.

  • Coastline: 2,389 km (1,484 mi)

Neighbours of GermanyEdit

Land boundaries: 3,621 km (2,250 mi)

  Austria 784 km (487 mi)
  Czech Republic 646 km (401 mi)
  Netherlands 577 km (359 mi)
  Poland 456 km (283 mi)
  France 451 km (280 mi)
   Switzerland 334 km (208 mi)
  Belgium 167 km (104 mi)
  Luxembourg 138 km (86 mi)
  Denmark 68 km (42 mi)

Environment of GermanyEdit

An enlargeable satellite image of Germany

Geographic features of GermanyEdit

Administrative divisions of GermanyEdit

States of GermanyEdit

Germany is composed of 16 constituent states, called Bundesländer (see map on the right).

Further subdivisionsEdit

Demography of GermanyEdit

Demographics of Germany With over 82 million inhabitants, it comprises the largest population among the member states of the European Union and is home to the third-highest number of international migrants. See more at Immigration to Germany.

Government and politics of GermanyEdit

Branches of the government of GermanyEdit

Government of Germany

Executive branch of the government of GermanyEdit

Legislative branch of the government of GermanyEdit

Judicial branch of the government of GermanyEdit

Court system of Germany

Foreign relations of GermanyEdit

Foreign relations of Germany

International organization membershipEdit

The Federal Republic of Germany is a member of:[3]

Law and order in GermanyEdit

Law of Germany

Military of GermanyEdit

Military of Germany

Local government in GermanyEdit

Local government in Germany

History of GermanyEdit

Culture of GermanyEdit

Culture of Germany

The Oktoberfest in Munich is the world's largest fair

Art in GermanyEdit

Music of GermanyEdit

Music of Germany

People of GermanyEdit

Religion and belief systems in GermanyEdit

Sports in GermanyEdit

Sports in Germany

Economy and infrastructure of GermanyEdit

Education in GermanyEdit

Health in GermanyEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Map of Germany,, 2009, web: SitA-511.
  2. ^ "Ryan Jahnke Online",, 2009, web: FSO-RJah.
  3. ^ "Germany". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-07-23.
  4. ^ Germany world's second biggest aid donor after US TopNews, India, Retrieved 2008, 04-10.
  5. ^ "The fifteen major spenders in 2006". Recent trends in military expenditure. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-14. Retrieved 2007-08-23.

External linksEdit

  Wikimedia Atlas of Germany


Facts and figures