Ottenbach, Switzerland

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Ottenbach is a municipality in the district of Affoltern in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

Ottenbach
Ottenbach04.JPG
Coat of arms of Ottenbach
Coat of arms
Location of Ottenbach
Ottenbach is located in Switzerland
Ottenbach
Ottenbach
Ottenbach is located in Canton of Zurich
Ottenbach
Ottenbach
Coordinates: 47°17′N 8°24′E / 47.283°N 8.400°E / 47.283; 8.400Coordinates: 47°17′N 8°24′E / 47.283°N 8.400°E / 47.283; 8.400
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZurich
DistrictAffoltern
Area
 • Total4.98 km2 (1.92 sq mi)
Elevation
409 m (1,342 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total2,555
 • Density510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Postal code
8913
SFOS number0011
Surrounded byAffoltern am Albis, Aristau (AG), Jonen (AG), Merenschwand (AG), Obfelden
Websitewww.ottenbach.ch
SFSO statistics

HistoryEdit

Ottenbach is first mentioned in 831 as in loco vocato marcha Hotumbacharia. In 1169 it was mentioned as Arnoldus de Ottonbac.[3] Since the end of the 18th century, the textile industry had expanded as a home industry (Putting-out system) in Ottenbach: In 1784, the cotton spinning mill employed 49% of the local population (430 people, 287 of whom worked all year round). At the beginning of the 19th century there were around 350 weaving looms and the Zurich Mechanical Silk Weaving Mill employed more than 200 people in Ottenbach from the village and the surrounding area.

GeographyEdit

 
Protestant church

Ottenbach has an area of 5 km2 (1.9 sq mi). Of this area, 56.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 20.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 19.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.8%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

It is located near the Reuss River on the border with the Canton of Aargau.

SightsEdit

 
Interior of the historic powerhouse

Ottenbach owns the Ottenbach Small Hydro power plant with original equipment of 1920 which is still running for guided visits. It produced current for operating looms of the silk weaving factory A.F. Haas & Co. until 1975.

DemographicsEdit

Ottenbach has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 2,569.[5] As of 2007, 7.3% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 5.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (93.6%), with Italian being second most common ( 1.7%) and English being third ( 1.0%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 34.1% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (20%), the FDP (15.5%) and the Green Party (11.2%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 26.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 64.4% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 9.6%. In Ottenbach about 84.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Ottenbach has an unemployment rate of 2.04%. As of 2005, there were 47 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 21 businesses involved in this sector. 144 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 19 businesses in this sector. 388 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 82 businesses in this sector.[4] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1467 22 Households
1650 320
1850 1,169
1900 1,107
1950 971
2000 2,164

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Ottenbach in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 24-Jul-2009
  5. ^ "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.

External linksEdit