Otoineppu (音威子府村 Otoineppu-mura) is a village located in Kamikawa Subprefecture, Hokkaido, Japan. As of 2013, the village had an estimated population of 831 among 504 households. The total area of Otoineppu is 275.64 square kilometres (106.43 sq mi). Otoineppu designates itself as the "smallest village in Hokkaido".
Otoineppu Village Hall
Location of Otoineppu in Hokkaido
|• Mayor||Masaru Sakon|
|• Total||275.64 km2 (106.43 sq mi)|
|Elevation||40 m (130 ft)|
|• Density||3.0/km2 (7.8/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Picea glehnii|
|- Flower||Moss phlox|
In Ainu language, Otoineppu means "muddy river mouth". The name is probably a reference to muddy appearance of the water at the confluence of the Teshio River and one of its many tributaries, the Otoineppu River.
Otoineppu is a landlocked village at the north of Hokkaido. The village sits at the northern tip of the Nayoro Basin, and is flanked by the Kitami Mountains to the east and the Teshio Mountains to the west. The town covers 275.64 square kilometres (106.43 sq mi), measures 22.2 kilometres (13.8 mi) from east to west and 18.6 kilometres (11.6 mi) from north to south. The village sits at an elevation of 40 metres (130 ft). 80% of the village is covered by forest.
The Teshio River (256 kilometres (159 mi)), the fourth longest river in Japan, flows north through Otoineppu before turning sharply west near the village center. The JR Hokkaido Sōya Main Line and Japan National Route 40 runs along the Teshio River through Otoineppu.
Otoineppu borders on four towns in Hokkaido:
Otoineppu, which sits only 50 kilometres (31 mi) from both the Sea of Okhotsk and Japan Sea, is located within a maritime climate. The village is ringed in by mountains from all four directions, and sees significant temperature extremes. The average temperatures from December to March are below −6 °C (21 °F), with days as low as −30 °C (−22 °F); temperatures from June to September are typically above 17 °C (63 °F), with some days reaching above 30 °C (86 °F).
Otoineppu is noted for its deep snowfalls; some areas of the village have snowfalls as high as 12 metres (39 ft). In 1998 the village had Hokkaido's second-deepest snowfall on record.
Otoineppu was known as Tokiwa (常盤村 Tokiwa-mura) until 1963. The name of the village was changed due to the fact that center of the village is in the Otoineppu district, and Otoineppu Station was widely known as a terminus on the JR Sōya and Tenpoku Lines.
Otoineppu is served by the JR Hokkaido Sōya Main Line. The Sōya is the northernmost train line in Japan, and runs from Asahikawa Station in Asahikawa in north-central Hokkaido to Wakkanai Station in Wakkanai at the very north of the prefecture. Three stations, Teshiogawa-Onsen, Sakkuru, and Osashima are serviced by local trains; the central Otoineppu is served by both limited express and local trains.
The defunct JNR Tenpoku Line once broke off from the Sōya Main Line at Otoineppu Station and ran north to the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk, and again met the Sōya Main Line at Wakkanai Station. The line was discontinued in 1989 and replaced by bus service.
Japan National Route (JNR) 40 runs along the Teshio River through Otoineppu, and connects Asahikawa in central Hokkaido to Wakkanai at the northern tip of the prefecture. JNR 275 breaks off from JNR 40 at the village center of Otoineppu and extends on to Hamatonbetsu on the coast of the Sea of Okhotsk.
The Village of Otoineppu maintains two schools, Otoineppu Elementary School and Otoineppu Junior High School. The village also maintains a high school, Hokkaido Otoineppu Art & Craft High School.
Notable people from OtoineppuEdit
- "音威子府（村）" [Otoineppu]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- 位置、気象 [Location, Weather] (in Japanese). Mori, Hokkaido: Town of Shakotan. 2013. Retrieved Oct 10, 2013.
- "音威子府村" [Otoineppu]. Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 173191044. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- 音威子府村の人口 [Population of Otoineppu] (in Japanese). Otoineppu, Hokkaido, Japan: Village of Otoineppu. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-03.
- 村の概要 [Village outline] (in Japanese). Otoineppu, Hokkaido, Japan: Village of Otoineppu. 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-03.