Olsberg is a town in the Hochsauerland district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Olsberg
Kroppsches Haus in Olsberg
Kroppsches Haus in Olsberg
Coat of arms of Olsberg
Coat of arms
Location of Olsberg within Hochsauerland district
HesseSiegen-WittgensteinHöxter (district)Olpe (district)Paderborn (district)Soest (district)Märkischer KreisOlsbergMeschedeWinterbergMarsbergBestwigEsloheSundernHallenbergMedebachBrilonSchmallenbergArnsbergNorth Rhine-WestphaliaOlsberg in HSK.svg
About this image
Olsberg is located in Germany
Olsberg
Olsberg
Olsberg is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Olsberg
Olsberg
Coordinates: 51°21′N 8°29′E / 51.350°N 8.483°E / 51.350; 8.483Coordinates: 51°21′N 8°29′E / 51.350°N 8.483°E / 51.350; 8.483
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictHochsauerland
Subdivisions15
Government
 • MayorWolfgang Fischer (CDU)
Area
 • Total117.97 km2 (45.55 sq mi)
Elevation
313-843 m (−2,450 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total21,556
 • Density180/km2 (470/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
59939
Dialling codes02962
Vehicle registrationHSK
Websitewww.olsberg.de
View of Olsberg and Bigge
view of Ginsterkopf and Elleringhausen
Bruchhauser Steine

GeographyEdit

It is situated on the river Ruhr, approx. 15 km east of Meschede. It is bordered by Arnsberg Forest Nature Park, on the northern fringe of the Rothaargebirge. The town's setting is dominated by heavily wooded ridges and valleys formed by the Ruhr and three of its tributaries.

A notable feature situated within the town's limits are the Bruchhauser Steine, four large porphyry rocks located on a mountain near the village of Bruchhausen.

The Langenberg, the highest mountain of north-west Germany and North Rhine-Westphalia, is located on the eastern town border, the peak being just inside the town's limits.

Neighbouring towns and municipalitiesEdit

Clockwise from the north, Olsberg is bordered by:

Division of the townEdit

The town of Olsberg comprises twelve villages. The town's core consists of Olsberg itself and Bigge, which have physically merged since the 1950s.

  • Antfeld
  • Assinghausen
  • Bigge
  • Olsberg
  • Bruchhausen
  • Brunskappel
  • Elleringhausen
  • Elpe/Heinrichsdorf
  • Gevelinghausen
  • Helmeringhausen
  • Wiemeringhausen
  • Wulmeringhausen

HistoryEdit

The town was formed on January 1, 1975 in the course of the municipal reorganization of North Rhine-Westphalia. Before that date all villages (except Bigge and Olsberg, which had been merged already been merged into a single municipality in 1969) have been independent municipalities.

PoliticsEdit

The town council is currently headed by mayor Wolfgang Fischer (CDU).

Party Seats
CDU 23[2]
SPD 12[3]
Grüne 3[4]

EconomyEdit

Traditionally dominated by agriculture (especially dairy farming) and small scale wood and metal craft, the town's economical base today relies on the tertiary sector, especially tourism. Industry consists primarily of metallurgy and sawmills.

TransportEdit

RailEdit

The town has two train stations.

BusEdit

Buses connect the town core to the neighbouring villages and towns, generally with hourly services. Most bus services meet at Olsberg railway station to connect with train services.

RoadEdit

The Bundesstraße 480 runs through the town from north to south, and meets the Bundesstraße 7 just north of the town in the village of Altenbüren. The current end of the A46 motorway is 9 km to the west.

Town bypassEdit

Construction on a southern bypass road started in 2005 and is scheduled for opening in 2010. It will take the Bundesstrasse 480 to a new route bypassing the town core to the west and the south.[5]

AirEdit

The closest airports with commercial service are Paderborn Lippstadt Airport 60 km to the north and Dortmund Airport 75 km to the west. While there is no general aviation airports in the town itself, the neighbouring town of Brilon and nearby Meschede both have public airfields for this purpose.

EducationEdit

Children are allocated to four primary schools according to their place of residence. Additionally there are three secondary schools, one of which caters for children with physical disabilities. While the town does not have a Gymnasium (higher education school), it maintains a vocational college.[6]

International relationsEdit

Olsberg is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  2. ^ Olsberg town council website (German)
  3. ^ Olsberg town council website (German)
  4. ^ Olsberg town council website (German)
  5. ^ Press release (German)
  6. ^ College web site (German)

External linksEdit