Oberallgäu is a Landkreis (district) in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany. It is bounded by (from the north and clockwise) the districts of Unterallgäu and Ostallgäu, the Austrian states Tyrol and Vorarlberg, the district of Lindau, and the state of Baden-Württemberg (district Ravensburg). The city of Kempten is enclosed by but does not belong to the district.
|• Total||1,528 km2 (590 sq mi)|
(31 December 2018)
|• Density||100/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
Human settlement dates back to the Bronze Age, when Celtic peoples inhabited the region. The Romans established a military camp which grew to become the city of Cambodunum, the present Kempten. It is consequently sometimes claimed that Kempten is the oldest town in Germany.
In medieval times Kempten was a free imperial city, and the surrounding lands became subordinate to the lords of Staufen and the counts of Rothenfels. Both ceased to exist in the beginning of the 19th century, when Napoleon handed these territories over to Bavaria.
The district of Oberallgäu was established in 1972 by merging the former districts of Sonthofen and Kempten.
In the very south of the district there are some of the highest mountains of the Allgäu, culminating in the Hochfrottspitze (2649 m). The Iller River (a tributary of the Danube) runs through the district from south to north.
Coat of armsEdit
|The coat of arms displays a mountain symbolising the Allgäu, and three lions from the arms of the Staufen dynasty.|
Towns and municipalitiesEdit
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.