Ober-Ramstadt is a town in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district, in Hessen, Germany. It is situated 9 km southeast of Darmstadt. As of 2006, its population was 15,196.

Ober-Ramstadt
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Ober-Ramstadt
Coat of arms
Location of Ober-Ramstadt within Darmstadt-Dieburg district
Ober-Ramstadt in DA.svg
Ober-Ramstadt is located in Germany
Ober-Ramstadt
Ober-Ramstadt
Ober-Ramstadt is located in Hesse
Ober-Ramstadt
Ober-Ramstadt
Coordinates: 49°50′N 08°45′E / 49.833°N 8.750°E / 49.833; 8.750Coordinates: 49°50′N 08°45′E / 49.833°N 8.750°E / 49.833; 8.750
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionDarmstadt
DistrictDarmstadt-Dieburg
Subdivisions3 Stadtteile
Government
 • MayorWerner Schuchmann (SPD)
Area
 • Total41.88 km2 (16.17 sq mi)
Elevation
200 - 338 m (−909 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total15,130
 • Density360/km2 (940/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
64368–64372
Dialling codes06154
Vehicle registrationDA-DI
Websitewww.ober-ramstadt.de
Church in Rohrbach, with the Waldensian Motto "Lux lucet in tenebris" above the entrance

GeographyEdit

LocationEdit

Ober-Ramstadt is situated 9 km away from Darmstadt on the Bundesstrasse 426 (National Route 426) at the foot of the Odenwald. The small river Modau flows through Ober-Ramstadt, forming a little artificial lake south of the city.

Neighbouring communities and areasEdit

Ober-Ramstadt borders Roßdorf to the north, to the east the city of Reinheim, Groß-Bieberau to the southeast, the community of Modautal in the south, to the west Mühltal, and to the northwest the city of Darmstadt.

Divisions and districtsEdit

Since 1977, Ober-Ramstadt is formed by the town itself plus three more Stadtteile: Modau, (2.877 citizens 30 June 2005), Wembach-Hahn, (1.004 citizens 30 June 2005), and Rohrbach, (1.534 citizens 30 June 2005), which joined in voluntarily in 1972.

HistoryEdit

Traces of first settlement have been found which date from the later Stone Age. Written evidence derives from 1310, when Eberhardt, Count of Katzenelnbogen received the same freedoms and rights as the city of Frankfurt for his town Ramstadt. This included the right to hold a market and to build fortifications around the town. During and after the Thirty Years' War, the bigger part of population died, mainly through pestilence.

In 1699, Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt allowed the Waldensians from the Piedmont valley of Pragelato to settle on his property in Rohrbach, Wembach and Hahn, which were left deserted as a result of the preceding war and pestilence. The Waldensians had to flee from their hometowns because of religious pursuits. Waldensians still have a vital religious community in Rohrbach-Wembach-Hahn. Until the end of the 19th century, waldensian school lessons were taught in French language.

Since the 19th century, Ober-Ramstadt began to industrialize. In 1895, Eduard Murjahn founded the „Deutsche Amphibolin-Werke“ (German Amphibolite Works), which today is market leader in the paints and enamels branch in Germany and other countries. In 1901, a centralized watersupply was set up, followed by electricity in 1907.

The town history can be seen in the town museum, located in the former town hall built in 1732.

International relationsEdit

Ober-Ramstadt is twinned with:

Famous peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2019.