OKBM Afrikantov (full name: OAO I. I. Afrikantov OKB Mechanical Engineering, Russian: Опытное конструкторское бюро машиностроения им. И. И. Африкантова) is a nuclear engineering company located in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia. It is a subsidiary of Rosatom. The company is named after Igor Afrikantov.
The company is best known as the main designer for the Soviet Union's and Russia's flagship nuclear propulsion projects, including reactors for nuclear submarines, nuclear-powered icebreakers, and the floating nuclear power plant project. It also designs fast breeder reactors.
The company was founded in 1945. In 1998, it was named after its former chief designer and director I. I. Afrikantov.
The company is a developer of the nuclear reactors. It has designed and assembled KLT-40S reactors for the first Russian floating nuclear power station Akademik Lomonosov. It also developed the RITM-200 design pressurized water reactor which is used for LK-60 model nuclear-powered icebreaker.
The company has been the primary designer of naval reactors for both military and civilian uses: KN-3 reactor, OK-150 reactor, OK-550 reactor, OK-650 reactor, KLT-40 reactor, RITM-200, RITM-400, ABV Reactor, VBER-300 and more.
Several reactors located on three secret cities were designed by the company to produce plutonium for nuclear weapons: AV Reactor, OK-180 reactor, OK-190 reactor, OK-190M reactor, LF-2 “Ludmila” Reactor, AD Reactor, ADE-1 Reactor, ADE-2 Reactor, ADE-3 Reactor, ADE-4 Reactor, ADE-5 Reactor.
A list of some reactors under her flagship or participation:
|Name||Power (in MWe)||Technology||Producer||Status|
|ABV||3-10||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov & IPPE||Detailed Design|
|KN-3||300||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov & IPPE||Operating|
|KLT-20||20||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov||Conceptual Design|
|VBER-300||325||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov||Licensing Stage|
|VBER-150||110||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov||Conceptual Design|
|BN GT-300||300||SFR||OKBM, IPPE & SPb AEP||Conceptual Design|
|BMN-170||170||SFR||OKBM, IPPE & SPb AEP||Conceptual Design|
|RITM-200||50||PWR||OKBM Afrikantov||Under Construction|
|GT-MHR||285||HTGR||OKBM Afrikantov||Conceptual Design Completed|
|MHR-T||4х205.5||HTGR||OKBM Afrikantov||Conceptual Design|
|MHR-100||25 - 87||HTGR||OKBM Afrikantov||Conceptual Design|
|IRIS||335||PWR||OKBM (participant)||Basic Design|
|MBUR-12||12||SFR||OKBM & IPPE||Early Conceptual Design|
- "Reactors ready for floating plant". World Nuclear News. 2009-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Shipyard wins giant nuclear icebreaker tender". World Nuclear News. 2012-08-07. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "Chinese fast reactor starts supplying electricity". World Nuclear News. 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "The History of PlutoniumProduction in Russia" (PDF). Taylor & Francis Group. 2011. Retrieved 2020-04-15.