Novorzhev

Novorzhev (Russian: Новорже́в) is a town and the administrative center of Novorzhevsky District in Pskov Oblast, Russia, located on the Sorot River 144 kilometers (89 mi) southeast of Pskov, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 3,695 (2010 Census);[3] 4,125 (2002 Census);[10] 5,050 (1989 Census).[11]

Novorzhev

Новоржев
Coat of arms of Novorzhev
Coat of arms
Location of Novorzhev
Novorzhev is located in Russia
Novorzhev
Novorzhev
Location of Novorzhev
Novorzhev is located in Pskov Oblast
Novorzhev
Novorzhev
Novorzhev (Pskov Oblast)
Coordinates: 57°02′N 29°21′E / 57.033°N 29.350°E / 57.033; 29.350Coordinates: 57°02′N 29°21′E / 57.033°N 29.350°E / 57.033; 29.350
CountryRussia
Federal subjectPskov Oblast[1]
Administrative districtNovorzhevsky District[1]
Founded1777[2]
Town status since1777[2]
Elevation
75 m (246 ft)
Population
 • Total3,695
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
3,252 (-12%)
 • Capital ofNovorzhevsky District[5]
 • Municipal districtNovorzhevsky Municipal District[6]
 • Urban settlementNovorzhev Urban Settlement[6]
 • Capital ofNovorzhevsky Municipal District[7], Novorzhev Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
182440
OKTMO ID58623101001
Websitegorodnovorzhev.ru

HistoryEdit

It was founded in 1777 during Catherine the Great's municipal reform as a town and the seat of newly created Novorzhevsky Uyezd in Pskov Viceroyalty.[2] In 1796, when the viceroyalty was abolished and transformed into Pskov Governorate, the uyezd was abolished as well; however, it was re-established in 1802.[2]

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds and governorates were abolished and Novorzhevsky District, with the administrative center in Novorzhev, was established as a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[12] It included parts of former Novorzhevsky Uyezd.[13] On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast.[12] On January 29, 1935, the district was transferred to Kalinin Oblast, and on February 5, Novorzhevsky District became a part of Velikiye Luki Okrug of Kalinin Oblast,[12] one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. On May 11, 1937, the district was transferred to Opochka Okrug.[12] On February 5, 1941, the okrug was abolished.[12] Between July 17, 1941 and February 29, 1944, Novorzhev was occupied by German troops.[citation needed] In 1944, the town was completely destroyed but it was rebuilt after the war.[citation needed] On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast.[12]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Novorzhev serves as the administrative center of Novorzhevsky District,[5] to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Novorzhev is incorporated within Novorzhevsky Municipal District as Novorzhev Urban Settlement.[6]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

A factory producing electric equipment and a textile factory operate in Novorzhev.[14]

TransportationEdit

The town is connected by roads with Ostrov, Opochka, Pushkinskiye Gory, and Bezhanitsy. There are also local roads.

Culture and recreationEdit

Novorzhev contains six cultural heritage monuments classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] Most of them are monuments to soldiers fallen in World War II.

The town hosts the Novorzhev History Museum.[16]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Law #833-oz stipulates that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. The Law #420-oz, which describes the borders and the composition of the municipal districts, lists the town of Novorzhev as a part of Novorzhevsky District.
  2. ^ a b c d История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 58 223», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 58 223, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  6. ^ a b c d Law #420-oz
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 58 623». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 58 623. ).
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast, pp. 11–14
  13. ^ "Archived copy" Новоржевский район (август 1927 г. - январь 1935 г.) (in Russian). Справочник истории административно-территориального деления Ленинградской области. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved June 24, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  16. ^ Музей истории Новоржевского края (in Russian). Псковский государственный объединенный историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник. Retrieved July 25, 2012.

SourcesEdit

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1542-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1542-OZ of June 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Архивный отдел Псковского облисполкома. Государственный архив Псковской области. "Административно-территориальное деление Псковской области (1917–1988 гг.). Справочник". (Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast (1917–1988). Reference.) Книга I. Лениздат, 1988