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|← Adar Nisan (נִיסָן) Iyar →|
Passover, the Festival of the Unleavened Bread,
begins on the 15th of Nisan and commemorates
the Israelites' liberation from Egyptian slavery.
|Number of days:||30|
Nisan (or Nissan; Hebrew: נִיסָן, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month, and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. The name of the month is of Assyrian-Babylonian origin; in the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv. (e.g. Exodus 13:4 בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הָאָבִֽיב ḥōḏeš hā-’āḇîḇ) Assyrians today refer to the month as the "month of happiness." It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.
Holidays and observancesEdit
- 1 Nisan – Kha b-Nisan – the first day of the Assyrian New Year
- 10 Nisan – Yahrzeit of Miriam the prophetess, sister of Moses and Aaron
- 10 Nisan – Yom HaAliyah – Aliyah Day, Israeli national holiday
- 14 Nisan – Fast of the Firstborn – on 12 Nisan when the 14th falls on Sabbath
- 15–21 Nisan (22 Nisan outside of Israel) – Passover
- 23 Nisan – Mimouna – Maghrebi Jewish celebration of the end of the Passover prohibition on eating chametz, on 22 Nisan within Israel
- 26 Nisan – Traditional yahrzeit of Joshua
- 27 Nisan – Yom HaShoah – on 26 Nisan or 28 Nisan when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat
In Jewish history and traditionEdit
- 1 Nisan (circa 3761 BC) – Creation of the Universe according to Rabbi Joshua's opinion in the Talmud (Rosh Hashanah 10b–11a).
- 1 Nisan (circa 1638 BC) – Death of Abraham according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1533 BC) – Death of Isaac according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1506 BC) – Death of Jacob according to the Talmud
- 1 Nisan (circa 1456 BC) – First mitzvah is given to the Jewish people (Exodus 12:1–2)
- 1 Nisan (circa 1455 BC) – Mishkan inaugurated; death of Nadav and Avihu
- 1 Nisan (1772 AD) – Birth of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov
- 1 Nisan (1892 AD) – Death of Rabbi Elimelech Szapira of Grodzhisk
- 2 Nisan (1920 AD) – Death of Rabbi Sholom DovBer Schneersohn ("Rashab"), the fifth Lubavitcher Rebbe. His last words are recorded as, "I'm going to heaven; I leave you the writings."
- 3 Nisan (1492 AD) – The Alhambra Decree orders the expulsion of Spanish Jews from Castile and Aragon (but not Navarre).
- 7 Nisan (circa 1416 BC) – Joshua sends two spies to Jericho.
- 8 Nisan (1948 AD) - Birth of Rabbi Yaakov Yechezkia Greenwald II, the present Pupa Rebbe
- 10 Nisan (circa 1456 BC) – The first Shabbat HaGadol was celebrated by the Israelites in Egypt five days before The Exodus.
- 10 Nisan (circa 1417 BCE) – Death of Miriam, 39 years after the Exodus.
- 10 Nisan (circa 1416 BC) – The Israelites cross the Jordan river into Canaan (Joshua 4)
- 11 Nisan (1270 AD) – Death of Nachmanides
- 11 Nisan (1902 AD) – Birth of 7th Lubavitcher Rebbe, Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson
- 13 Nisan (circa 474 BC) – Haman's decree to annihilate the Jews is passed.
- 13 Nisan (1575 AD) – Death of Rabbi Joseph Caro, author of the Shulchan Aruch.
- 13 Nisan (1866 AD) – Death of Tzemach Tzedek, the third Rebbe of Chabad.
- 14 Nisan (1135 AD) – Birth of Maimonides
- 14 Nisan (1943 AD) – Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins. The uprising would last until Iyar 3, and is now commemorated in Israel on 27 Nisan.
- 15 Nisan (circa 1713 BC) – Birth of Isaac
- 15 Nisan (circa 1456 BC) – The Exodus from Egypt
- 15 Nisan (474 BC) – Esther appears before Achashverosh unsummoned and invites him and Haman to a feast to be held the same day. During the feast she requests that the king and Haman attend a second feast the next day.
- 16 Nisan (circa 1273 BC) – The Children of Israel stop eating Manna, six days after entering the Holy Land.
- 16 Nisan (circa 474 BC) – Esther's second feast during which she accuses Haman regarding his plot to annihilate her nation. Achashverosh orders his servants to hang Haman.
- 17 Nisan (circa 24th century BC) – Noah's Ark came to rest on mountains of Ararat
- 17 Nisan (circa 474 BC) – Haman hanged after Queen Esther's second drinking party.
- 21 Nisan (circa 1456 BC) – The sea splits, allowing Israel to escape the Egyptian army.
- 26 Nisan (circa 1386 BC) – Death of Joshua
- 28 Nisan (circa 1415 BC) – Conquest of Jericho by Joshua (Book of Joshua ch. 6).
- 29 Nisan (1620 AD) – Death of Rabbi Chaim Vital, a Kabbalist and a disciple of Rabbi Isaac Luria.
- 29 Nisan (1699 AD) – In Bamberg, Germany during a commercial crisis in 1699, the populace rose up against the Jews, and one Jew saved himself by throwing prunes from a gable-window down upon the mob. That event, the 29th of Nisan, called "Zwetschgen-Ta'anit" (Prune-Fast), was commemorated by a fast and a Purim festivity until the extermination of the Jewish community there.
- In the Akkadian of Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia nisānu, which derives from Sumerian nisag "First fruits".
- "Nisan" is also the name for the month of April in Arabic (Arabic: نيسان), a later Semitic language (see Arabic names of calendar months), in Kurdish and modern Turkish.
- In the story of Xenogears, "Nisan" is the name of a country, named after the Hebrew month.
- Megillat Ta’anit, fast days; Targum Yonaton, Nu. 20:1.
- The inauguration of the Tabernacle occurred at the beginning of the month of Nisan (Rashi)
- Reb Noson of Breslov adds that, though they were great tzaddikim, Nadav and Avihu did not exercise restraint when first approaching the Holy of Holies, which is the highest level of sanctity in this world (Likutey Halakhot VI)
- (Nisan before Torah, Genesis 8:4, Exodus 12:1)
- "Bamberg". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 April 2014.