Adar       Nisan (נִיסָן)       Iyar
Tu Bishvat

Passover, the Festival of the Unleavened Bread,
begins on the 15th of Nisan and commemorates
the Israelites' liberation from Egyptian slavery.
Month number: 1
Number of days: 30
Season: Spring
Gregorian equivalent: March–April

Nisan (or Nissan; Hebrew: נִיסָן‎, Standard Nisan Tiberian Nîsān) on the Assyrian calendar is the first month, and on the Hebrew calendar is the first month of the ecclesiastical year and the seventh month (eighth, in leap year) of the civil year. The name of the month is of Assyrian-Babylonian origin; in the Torah it is called the month of the Aviv. (e.g. Exodus 13:4 בְּחֹ֖דֶשׁ הָאָבִֽיב ḥōḏeš hā-’āḇîḇ) Assyrians today refer to the month as the "month of happiness." It is a spring month of 30 days. Nisan usually falls in March–April on the Gregorian calendar. In the Book of Esther in the Tanakh it is referred to as Nisan. Karaite Jews interpret it as referring to the month in which barley was ripe.

Holidays and observancesEdit

  • 1 NisanKha b-Nisan – the first day of the Assyrian New Year
  • 10 Nisan – Yahrzeit of Miriam the prophetess, sister of Moses and Aaron[1]
  • 10 NisanYom HaAliyah – Aliyah Day, Israeli national holiday
  • 14 NisanFast of the Firstborn – on 12 Nisan when the 14th falls on Sabbath
  • 15–21 Nisan (22 Nisan outside of Israel)Passover
  • 23 NisanMimounaMaghrebi Jewish celebration of the end of the Passover prohibition on eating chametz, on 22 Nisan within Israel
  • 26 Nisan – Traditional yahrzeit of Joshua[2]
  • 27 NisanYom HaShoah – on 26 Nisan or 28 Nisan when the 27th falls on Friday or Sunday respectively, interfering with Shabbat

In Jewish history and traditionEdit

Other usesEdit


  1. ^ Megillat Ta’anit, fast days; Targum Yonaton, Nu. 20:1.
  2. ^
  3. ^ The inauguration of the Tabernacle occurred at the beginning of the month of Nisan (Rashi)
  4. ^ Reb Noson of Breslov adds that, though they were great tzaddikim, Nadav and Avihu did not exercise restraint when first approaching the Holy of Holies, which is the highest level of sanctity in this world (Likutey Halakhot VI)
  5. ^ (Nisan before Torah, Genesis 8:4, Exodus 12:1)
  6. ^ "Bamberg". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 30 April 2014.

External linksEdit