|• Total||3.26 km2 (1.26 sq mi)|
|Elevation||377 m (1,237 ft)|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)|
|Surrounded by||Lenzburg, Möriken-Wildegg, Rupperswil|
The center of the village comes from a middle Bronze Age settlement and a later Roman era farm. However, the modern village of Niederlenz is first mentioned in 924 as de Lencis. In 1261-64 it was mentioned as Nider-Lenz. The high justice rights were held by Schloss Lenzburg until 1433 when those rights, along with the rights to low justice, were purchased by Bern. Later, the low justice rights reverted to the four villages of Niederlenz, Hunzenschwil, Rupperswil and Staufen. In 1480 village was incorporated with a local government. The village mill was built before 1461 and was pawned by Hans Heinrich of Rinach and then sold in 1486 to Hans von Hallwyl. It was in the possession of the Kull family for generations.
Niederlenz has an area, as of 2009[update], of 3.3 square kilometers (1.3 sq mi). Of this area, 0.97 km2 (0.37 sq mi) or 29.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.85 km2 (0.33 sq mi) or 25.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.43 km2 (0.55 sq mi) or 43.3% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.02 km2 (4.9 acres) or 0.6% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.3% is unproductive land.
Of the built up area, industrial buildings made up 5.5% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 22.7% and transportation infrastructure made up 9.4%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed areas made up 3.0% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 2.7%. Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of the agricultural land, 23.9% is used for growing crops and 4.8% is pastures. All the water in the municipality is in rivers and streams.
The municipality is located in the Lenzburg district, along the Aabach stream and on the neighboring terrace. It consists of the linear village of Niederlenz.
Coat of armsEdit
Niederlenz has a population (as of December 2019[update]) of 4,765 As of June 2009[update], 26.9% of the population are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of 6.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (82.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.8%) and Serbo-Croatian being third ( 3.5%).
The age distribution, as of 2008[update], in Niederlenz is; 445 children or 11.0% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 529 teenagers or 13.1% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 554 people or 13.7% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 531 people or 13.1% are between 30 and 39, 664 people or 16.4% are between 40 and 49, and 555 people or 13.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 380 people or 9.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 258 people or 6.4% are between 70 and 79, there are 102 people or 2.5% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 21 people or 0.5% who are 90 and older.
As of 2000[update] the average number of residents per living room was 0.57 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics. About 49.5% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).
As of 2000[update], there were 126 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 889 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 523 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. As of 2000[update], there were 1,621 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.3 persons per household. In 2008[update] there were 740 single family homes (or 42.4% of the total) out of a total of 1,746 homes and apartments. There were a total of 21 empty apartments for a 1.2% vacancy rate. As of 2007[update], the construction rate of new housing units was 0.7 new units per 1000 residents.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Heritage sites of national significanceEdit
As of 2007[update], Niederlenz had an unemployment rate of 2.68%. As of 2005[update], there were 28 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 423 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 35 businesses in this sector. 591 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 109 businesses in this sector.
In 2000[update] there were 2,009 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 1,626 or about 80.9% of the residents worked outside Niederlenz while 730 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 1,113 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality. Of the working population, 17.8% used public transportation to get to work, and 53.9% used a private car.
From the 2000 census[update], 1,201 or 31.2% were Roman Catholic, while 1,801 or 46.8% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there were 2 individuals (or about 0.05% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic faith.
In Niederlenz about 70.7% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year[update]), there are 300 students attending primary school, there are 129 students attending secondary school in the municipality. Niederlenz is home to the Schul-Gemeinde Bibliothek Niederlenz (School and Municipal library). The library has (as of 2008[update]) 11,566 books or other media, and loaned out 31,693 items in the same year. It was open a total of 208 days with average of 11 hours per week during that year.
- "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
- "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
- Niederlenz in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
- Flags of the World.com accessed 17-May-2010
- "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2019. Retrieved 6 October 2020.
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 17-May-2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)". Urban Audit Glossary (PDF). 2007. p. 18. Archived from the original (pdf) on 14 November 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2010.
- Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (in German) accessed 20 January 2010
- Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 2009-05-01 at the Wayback Machine 21.11.2008 version, (in German) accessed 17-May-2010
- Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (in German) accessed 21 January 2010
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office, list of libraries (in German) accessed 14 May 2010
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